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2 Premier Laser Vein Clinic THE BASICS OF VENOUS DISEASE: What You Should Know. Dr. Rajan Modi M.S. F.M.A.S. An Introductory Lecture.

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Presentation on theme: "2 Premier Laser Vein Clinic THE BASICS OF VENOUS DISEASE: What You Should Know. Dr. Rajan Modi M.S. F.M.A.S. An Introductory Lecture."— Presentation transcript:


2 2 Premier Laser Vein Clinic THE BASICS OF VENOUS DISEASE: What You Should Know. Dr. Rajan Modi M.S. F.M.A.S. An Introductory Lecture

3 P. Fujimura, MD Surgical Intern University of California School of Medicine It is ironic that medical education does not cover three of the most common medical problems: back pain, hemorrhoids, and varicose veins.

4 PHLEBOLOGY The medical specialty devoted to the diagnosis and treatment of patients with venous disorders

5 Anatomy and physiology of the venous system Deep venous system: the channel through which 90% of venous blood is pumped out of the legs Superficial venous system: the collecting system of veins Perforating veins: the conduits for blood to travel from the superficial to the deep veins Musculovenous pump: Contraction of foot and leg muscles pumps the blood through one-way valves up and out of the legs

6 Venous Anatomy


8 Valve Failure Prolonged dilation damages the valves, so the blood flows in the wrong direction The resulting backpressure is termed venous hypertension, and this is what causes symptoms

9 IMPORTANCE OF CHRONIC VENOUS DISEASE Incidence increases with age and is more common in women with over 40% of women in their 50s suffering from some sort of venous disorder

10 Etiology of Venous Insufficiency Inherited genetic predisposition Normal aging process Hormonal changes History of venous thrombosis Excess pressure on leg veins Standing Obesity Pregnancy Tumors Constipation Previous surgery

11 Venous Disease is a Hereditary Disorder The risk of developing varicose veins was: 89% if both parents had varicose veins 47% if one parent had varicose veins 20% if neither parent had varicose veins

12 Other Factors Chronic Venous Insufficiency Although some risk factors for venous disease such as age, family history of venous disease are immutable others can be modified, such as weight, physical activity, and cigarette smoking.

13 Presenting Symptoms of Chronic Venous Disease Aching 17percent Cramping-14 Tired legs-12 Swelling-12 Heaviness-12 Itching -6 Restless legs-6

14 THE SPECTRUM OF CHRONIC VENOUS DISEASE telangiectasias lipodermatosclerosis varicose veins Superficial phlebitis venous ulceration 5

15 Venous Disease Classification CEAP Clinical Etiologic Anatomic Pathologic What? How ? Where? Why?

16 Venous Disease Classification Clinical C0 - No visible or palpable venous disease C1 - Telangectasias or reticular veins C2 - Varicose veins C3 - Edema C4 - Skin changes (a - pigmentation b - dematosclerosis) C5 - Healed ulcers C6 - Active ulcers

17 Venous Disease Classification Etiological C - congenital P - primary (venous failure without other cause) S - secondary (post-phlebitic syndrome)

18 Venous Disease Classification Anatomical S - superficial D - deep P - perforator

19 Venous Disease Classification Pathological R - reflux O - obstruction

20 Venous Disease Diagnosis Physical Exam Visible veins Swelling Ulceration Skin changes Standing venous reflux exam Duplex ultrasound with compression and release

21 Standing venous reflux exam

22 Standing Venous Reflux Exam Establishes presence of reflux Deep and/or superficial systems Results dictate treatment option Superficial only Conservative or interventional Deep only Conservative Deep and superficial involvement Conservative Selective interventional

23 Venous Disease Treatment Options Conservative Elevation Compression Interventional Stripping Laser ablation Radio frequency ablation Micro or stab phlebectomy Sclerotherapy

24 Conservative Treatment Compression Therapy

25 Treatment of telangiectasias Sclerotherapy most effective Laser may be helpful Multiple treatments usually required Reduces symptoms in 85% of patients Improves quality of life

26 Surgical Treatment of Varicose Veins: Vein Stripping Vein stripping used to remove Great and Small saphenous veins

27 Crossectomie and Stripping Very invasive and traumatic procedure General anaesthesia is required Destroys the connective tissue Poor cosmetical result due to scarring Patients have to be hospitalised Recovery time 2-3 weeks High Recurrence Rates Conventional Treatment

28 EVLT Less invasive technique: Endovenous Laser Treatment (EVLT). EVLT uses targeted laser energy to seal the vein shut

29 Why ELVeS - Advantages GSV treatment Gentle, moderate and yet effective method of treatment Less traumatic Minimal discomfort Quick and easy to perform No scarring No general anaesthesia required Excellent aesthetic results Recurrence rates are extremely low Outpatient Procedure A rapid return to normal activities ELVeS by biolitec

30 EVLT Procedure A catheter is placed in the vein through a needle utilizing ultrasound guidance The laser is passed through the catheter to the saphenofemoral junction which is confirmed by ultrasound

31 EVLT Procedure

32 ELVeS - The Procedure for the GSV Map the Course of the Vein

33 ELVeS - The Procedure for the GSV Access to the Vein Anaesthesia by local intradermal injection Entry of the needle into the vein under Ultrasound Guidance

34 ELVeS - The Procedure for the GSV After the puncture the guide wire is inserted into the vein The entry needle is withdrawn and the introducer sheath and dilator are inserted over the guide wire and into the vein The guide wire is then removed and the laser fibre is inserted into the introducer sheath and advanced along its length The introduction of the laser fiber can be monitored by using the aiming beam ELVeS by biolitec

35 ELVeS - The Procedure for the GSV The fibre is advanced to a position 2-3 centimeters below the sapheno-femoral junction to preserve the integrity of the femoral vein from the first pulse of laser energy The final position 2-3 cm below the sapheno femoral junction is controlled by ultrasound ELVeS by biolitec

36 EVLT Advantages Relief of chronic pain symptoms Faster return to normal activity Improves venous stasis wound healing potential Decreases wound recurrence Minimal-to-no scarring Typically is covered by insurance

37 EVLT Post-op Care Dress leg with compression bandage Class II compression stocking on POD 2 Resume normal activities as tolerated Avoid hot baths Avoid vigorous gym workouts

38 EVLT Post-op Mild Bruising can occur along the leg that has been treated A tightening sensation along the vein is reported by many patients Some mild tenderness along the vein

39 EVLT - Patient 1 Before EVLT 2 Months After EVLT

40 EVLT - Patient 2 Before EVLT 2 Months After EVLT

41 Before - After Pictures ELVeS by biolitec

42 Surgical Treatment of Varicose Veins: Phlebectomy Very esthetic method of removing varicose veins Usually requires only local anesthetic Especially useful for tributaries of GSV, SSV

43 Institute Experience n>370 0% mortality 0% major adverse events 0.9% DVT (n=3) 0% skin burns 0% major infection rate

44 Conclusions Venous disease is common Venous disease is related to either reflux or obstruction Symptoms include pain, swelling, and ulceration Duplex imaging aids diagnosis and treatment Treatment options are both conservative and interventional Endovenous laser treatment provides potential relief of symptoms in a minimally invasive manner

45 Why Refer Patients to PLVC for Venous Disease Comprehensive care by surgeon. Member of american board of phlebology. Sterile surgical environment. Dedicated anesthesiology.



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