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Premier Laser Vein Clinic

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1 Premier Laser Vein Clinic
THE BASICS OF VENOUS DISEASE: What You Should Know. An Introductory Lecture Dr. Rajan Modi M.S. F.M.A.S. 2

2 hemorrhoids, and varicose veins.”
“It is ironic that medical education does not cover three of the most common medical problems: back pain, hemorrhoids, and varicose veins.” P. Fujimura, MD Surgical Intern University of California School of Medicine

3 PHLEBOLOGY The medical specialty devoted to the diagnosis and treatment of patients with venous disorders

4 Anatomy and physiology of the venous system
 Deep venous system: the channel through which 90% of venous blood is pumped out of the legs  Superficial venous system: the collecting system of veins  Perforating veins: the conduits for blood to travel from the superficial to the deep veins  Musculovenous pump: Contraction of foot and leg muscles pumps the blood through one-way valves up and out of the legs

5 Venous Anatomy


7 Valve Failure Prolonged dilation damages the valves, so the blood flows in the wrong direction The resulting backpressure is termed “venous hypertension”, and this is what causes symptoms

 Incidence increases with age and is more common in women with over 40% of women in their 50’s suffering from some sort of venous disorder

9 Etiology of Venous Insufficiency
 Inherited genetic predisposition  Normal aging process  Hormonal changes  History of venous thrombosis  Excess pressure on leg veins  Standing  Obesity  Pregnancy  Tumors  Constipation  Previous surgery

10 is a Hereditary Disorder
Venous Disease is a Hereditary Disorder The risk of developing varicose veins was: 89% if both parents had varicose veins 47% if one parent had varicose veins 20% if neither parent had varicose veins

11 Other Factors Chronic Venous Insufficiency
Although some risk factors for venous disease such as age, family history of venous disease are immutable others can be modified, such as weight, physical activity, and cigarette smoking.

12 Presenting Symptoms of Chronic Venous Disease
Aching 17percent Cramping-14 Tired legs-12 Swelling-12  Heaviness-12  Itching -6  Restless legs-6

Superficial phlebitis telangiectasias varicose veins venous ulceration 5 lipodermatosclerosis

14 Venous Disease What? How ? Where? Why? Classification  CEAP
 Clinical  Etiologic  Anatomic  Pathologic

15 Venous Disease Classification
Clinical  C0 - No visible or palpable venous disease  C1 - Telangectasias or reticular veins  C2 - Varicose veins  C3 - Edema  C4 - Skin changes (a - pigmentation b - dematosclerosis)  C5 - Healed ulcers  C6 - Active ulcers

16 Venous Disease Classification
Etiological  C - congenital  P - primary (venous failure without other cause)  S - secondary (post-phlebitic syndrome)

17 Venous Disease Classification
Anatomical  S - superficial D - deep  P - perforator

18 Venous Disease Classification
Pathological  R - reflux O - obstruction

19 Venous Disease Diagnosis  Physical Exam  Visible veins  Swelling
 Ulceration  Skin changes  Standing venous reflux exam  Duplex ultrasound with compression and release

20 Standing venous reflux exam

21 Standing Venous Reflux Exam
 Establishes presence of reflux  Deep and/or superficial systems  Results dictate treatment option  Superficial only  Conservative or interventional  Deep only  Conservative  Deep and superficial involvement  Conservative  Selective interventional

22 Venous Disease Radio frequency ablation  Micro or stab phlebectomy
Treatment Options  Conservative  Elevation  Compression  Interventional  Stripping  Laser ablation Radio frequency ablation  Micro or stab phlebectomy Sclerotherapy

23 Conservative Treatment
Compression Therapy

24 Treatment of telangiectasias
 Sclerotherapy most effective  Laser may be helpful  Multiple treatments usually required  Reduces symptoms in 85% of patients  Improves quality of life

25 Surgical Treatment of Varicose Veins:
Vein Stripping  Vein stripping used to remove Great and Small saphenous veins

26 Conventional Treatment Crossectomie and Stripping
► Very invasive and traumatic procedure ► General anaesthesia is required ► Destroys the connective tissue ► Poor cosmetical result due to scarring ► Patients have to be hospitalised ► Recovery time 2-3 weeks ► High Recurrence Rates

27 EVLT Less invasive technique: Endovenous Laser Treatment (EVLT).
EVLT uses targeted laser energy to seal the vein shut

28 Why ELVeS™ - Advantages GSV treatment
• Gentle, moderate and yet effective method of treatment • Less traumatic • Minimal discomfort • Quick and easy to perform • No scarring • No general anaesthesia required • Excellent aesthetic results • Recurrence rates are extremely low • Outpatient Procedure • A rapid return to normal activities ELVeS™ by biolitec

29 EVLT Procedure confirmed by ultrasound
 A catheter is placed in the vein through a needle utilizing ultrasound guidance • The laser is passed through the catheter to the saphenofemoral junction which is confirmed by ultrasound

30 EVLT Procedure

31 ELVeS™ - The Procedure for the GSV
Map the Course of the Vein

32 ELVeS™ - The Procedure for the GSV
Access to the Vein Anaesthesia by local intradermal injection Entry of the needle into the vein under Ultrasound Guidance

33 ELVeS™ - The Procedure for the GSV
• After the puncture the guide wire is inserted into the vein • The entry needle is withdrawn and the introducer sheath and dilator are inserted over the guide wire and into the vein • The guide wire is then removed and the laser fibre is inserted into the introducer sheath and advanced along its length • The introduction of the laser fiber can be monitored by using the aiming beam ELVeS™ by biolitec

34 ELVeS™ - The Procedure for the GSV
• The fibre is advanced to a position 2-3 centimeters below the sapheno-femoral junction to preserve the integrity of the femoral vein from the first pulse of laser energy • The final position 2-3 cm below the sapheno femoral junction is controlled by ultrasound ELVeS™ by biolitec

35 EVLT Advantages  Relief of chronic pain symptoms
 Faster return to normal activity  Improves venous stasis wound healing potential  Decreases wound recurrence  Minimal-to-no scarring  Typically is covered by insurance

36 EVLT Post-op Care  Dress leg with compression bandage  Class II compression stocking on POD 2  Resume normal activities as tolerated  Avoid hot baths  Avoid vigorous gym workouts

37 EVLT Post-op  Mild Bruising can occur along the leg that has been treated  A “tightening” sensation along the vein is reported by many patients  Some mild tenderness along the vein

38 EVLT - Patient 1 2 Months Before EVLT After EVLT

39 EVLT - Patient 2 2 Months Before EVLT After EVLT

40 Before - After Pictures
ELVeS™ by biolitec

41 Surgical Treatment of Varicose Veins: Phlebectomy
 Very esthetic method of removing varicose veins  Usually requires only local anesthetic  Especially useful for tributaries of GSV, SSV

42 Institute Experience n>370 0% mortality
0% major adverse events 0.9% DVT (n=3) 0% skin burns 0% major infection rate

43 Conclusions interventional  Venous disease is common
 Venous disease is related to either reflux or obstruction  Symptoms include pain, swelling, and ulceration  Duplex imaging aids diagnosis and treatment  Treatment options are both conservative and interventional  Endovenous laser treatment provides potential relief of symptoms in a minimally invasive manner

44 Why Refer Patients to PLVC for Venous Disease
Comprehensive care by surgeon. Member of american board of phlebology. Sterile surgical environment. Dedicated anesthesiology.



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