Presentation on theme: "Solid Fats and Added Sugars: Get off the SoFAS!. Project Sponsors USDA Project Funded through the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program School District."— Presentation transcript:
Solid Fats and Added Sugars: Get off the SoFAS!
Project Sponsors USDA Project Funded through the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program School District of Philadelphia Department of Nutrition Sciences, Drexel University
2010 Dietary Guidelines for Americans According to the 2010 Dietary Guidelines for Americans: Solid fats and added sugars (SoFAS) contribute to an average of 35% of daily calories (almost 800 calories!) Reducing intake of calories from SoFAS is recommended
What Is Solid Fat? Fats that are solid at room temperature Includes both saturated and trans fats – Saturated fats are found in animal products (butter, cheese, milk, meat) and some plants (coconut and palm oil) – Trans fats are often found in pre-packaged snacks, baked goods and fried foods (margarine, cookies, cakes)
Why Eat Less Solid Fat? Solid fats tend to raise bad (LDL) cholesterol levels in the blood – This increases the risk for heart disease – To lower risk, cut back on foods containing solid fats Excess calories can contribute to weight gain and increase risk of chronic health problems
Where Are Solid Fats Found? Common solid fats include: Butter Milk fat Beef fat (tallow, suet) Chicken fat Cream Pork fat (lard) Stick margarine Shortening Hydrogenated and partially hydrogenated oils Coconut oil Palm and palm kernel oils
Top 10 Sources of Solid Fat in the U.S. Type of Food Percent Contribution to Total Solid Fat Grain-based desserts10.8% Pizza9.1% Regular cheese7.6% Sausage, hot dogs, bacon, ribs7.1% Fried white potatoes4.8% Dairy desserts (like ice cream)4.7% Tortillas, burritos, tacos4.6% Chicken and chicken mixed dishes4.1% Pasta and pasta dishes3.9% Whole milk3.9%
How Much Solid Fat Should I Have? Dietary Guidelines: Limit saturated fat to less than 10% of calories – This would mean less than 200 calories /day from saturated fat for a 2,000 calorie diet (200 calories = 22 grams of fat) Keep trans fat consumption as low as possible Type of FoodSolid fat in grams (g) Calories from solid fat Whole milk (1 cup)5 g45 calories Cheddar Cheese ( 1½ oz)14 g125 calories Ice cream (1 cup)14 g125 calories Bacon (2 slices)6 g55 calories Hamburger (3 oz)14 g125 calories Biscuit (1 small)6 g55 calories
Identifying Solid Fat on the Food Label Look for the words Saturated Fat and Trans Fat under Total Fat Look at the ingredient list Examples of Solid Fats That Can Be Listed as an Ingredient Beef fat Butter Chicken fat Coconut oil Cream Hydrogenated oils Palm kernel oil Partially hydrogenated oils Pork fat (lard) Shortening Stick Margarine
Make the Changes! Choose lean meats and poultry Trim visible fat from meat and remove skin from poultry Cook with small amounts of vegetable oil instead of butter, lard, or margarine Switch from whole milk to low-fat or skim Try grilling, broiling, poaching, or roasting instead of frying Try peanut butter on toast instead of butter Eat fewer baked goods made with stick margarine or shortening. Look for trans fat on the label!
What Are Added Sugars?
Why Should We Eat Less Added Sugar? Could miss out on important nutrients Help maintain healthy weight Prevent cavities
Top 10 Sources of Added Sugars in the U.S. Type of Food Percent Contribution to Added Sugars Soda, energy drinks, sports drinks35.7% Grain-based desserts (like cookies or cake)12.9% Fruit drinks (like fruit punch)10.5% Dairy desserts (like ice cream)6.5% Candy6.1% Ready-to-eat cereals3.8% Sugars and honey3.5% Tea3.5% Yeast breads (like cinnamon rolls)2.1% All other food categories15.4%
Sugar Is Not Just Sugar! Examples of Added Sugars That Can Be Listed as an Ingredient Anydrous dextroseLactose Brown sugarMalt syrup Confectioners powdered sugarMaltose Corn syrupMaple syrup Corn syrup solidsMolasses DextrinNectars (e.g. peach nectar, pear nectar) FructosePancake syrup High-fructose corn syrupSucrose HoneySugar Invert sugarWhite granulated sugar
How Can We Eat Less Added Sugar?
What Do Solid Fats and Added Sugars Have in Common? SoFAS are energy dense (high in calories) and can contribute to lots of empty calories SoFAS often do not contain many important nutrients like vitamins, minerals, or dietary fiber Many foods have solid fats and added sugars! What are some examples?
Get off the SoFAS! SoFAS provide Americans with many calories and not enough important nutrients The more calories that come from SoFAS, the more difficult it becomes to get essential nutrients while staying within our calorie budget For most people, no more than about 5-15% of calories from SoFAS can fit into USDA recommendations