. Introduction: Focus on patient safety Insulin is a life-saving drug Insulin administration is an area where correct use is vital to ensure patient safety Safety is a priority for every healthcare professional and a concern of patients This is why the Patient Safety First Campaign www.patientsafetyfirst.nhs.uk was launched by the NHS Institute for Innovation & Improvement, the National Patient Safety Agency (NPSA) and the Health Foundation:www.patientsafetyfirst.nhs.uk Making the safety of patients everyone's highest priority 1 2 UKHMG00609 : June 2012 1. NHS, High risk meds. Available at: http://www.patientsafetyfirst.nhs.uk/Content.aspx?path=/interventions/High-riskmedication/. (Accessed June 2012)http://www.patientsafetyfirst.nhs.uk/Content.aspx?path=/interventions/High-riskmedication/
. UKHMG00609 : June 2012 The Patient Safety First Campaign also focused on reducing the risk of harm from high-risk medicines including insulin. 1 Introduction: Focus on patient safety Lilly is dedicated to patient safety and wants to help ensure the appropriate prescription and administration of its insulin products. This slide kit has been developed in support of the Patient Safety First Campaign. 1. NHS, High risk meds. Available at: http://www.patientsafetyfirst.nhs.uk/Content.aspx?path=/interventions/High-riskmedication/. (Accessed June 2012)http://www.patientsafetyfirst.nhs.uk/Content.aspx?path=/interventions/High-riskmedication/ 3
. 4 UKHMG00609 : June 2012 Ensuring safety throughout the patient journey To ensure patient safety at all stages of the patient journey, Lilly introduced.... Prescribe right Dispense right Inject right Be Insulin Aware! Right insulin, right dose, right way and right time
. 7 UKHMG00609 : June 2012 NPSA case reports 2 : Administration errors from abbreviation of insulin units Case 1 A patient on the GP unit was prescribed 10units of long-acting analogue. At midday two qualified nurses checked the medication chart and both read it as 100 units; this dose was then administered. The patient became ill and was transferred to the acute trust where her blood sugar level was recorded as 0.5. Hypostop was administered and blood sugar levels recorded at 8.4 and then 12. Patient died in A / E department at 0400hrs. Doctor recorded that death was Left Ventricular Failure and not secondary to the overdose. Pathologist and Coroner informed by the acute trust. Case 2 Patient fitted and had a hypoglycaemic event, became aggressive and confused, blood glucose 3.1mmol/l, patient had been given 44 units of intermediate acting insulin instead of 4u as prescribed. 2. National Patient Safety Agency. Rapid Response Report NPSA/2010/RRR013: Safer administration of insulin supporting Information. Available at: http://www.nrls.npsa.nhs.uk/alerts/?entryid45=74287(Accessed June 2010.)
. 8 UKHMG00609: June 2012 NPSA alert :NPSA/2010/RRR013 included the following recommendation : 2 A training programme should be put in place for all healthcare staff (including medical staff) expected to prescribe, prepare and administer insulin. An e-learning programme is available from 3 : www.diabetes.nhs.uk/safe_use_of_insulin 2. National Patient Safety Agency. Rapid Response Report NPSA/2010/RRR013: Safer administration of insulin supporting Information. Available at: http://www.nrls.npsa.nhs.uk/alerts/?entryid45=74287(Accessed June 2010.) 3. NHS Diabetes, Safe Use of Insulin, available at: http://www.diabetes.nhs.uk/safe_use_of_insulin (Accessed June 2012)
. 9 The key focus of the Lilly Be Insulin Aware campaign is to check before you inject insulin:- Right insulin:Check the name.Right insulin Right dose:Check strength and how much insulin to give. Check the numbers very carefully.Right dose Right time:With food? At bed time?Right time Right way:Via syringe, pen or pump? Right way Lillys Be Insulin Aware Campaign
. 10 UKHMG00609 : June 2012 NPSA alert: NPSA/2011/PSA003 resulted in the following recommendations 5 : NHS organisations should ensure that by 31 August 2012: 1. Adult patients on insulin therapy receive a patient information booklet and an Insulin Passport to help provide accurate identification of their current insulin products and provide essential information across healthcare sectors. 2. Healthcare professionals and patients are informed how the Insulin Passport and associated patient information can be used to improve safety. 3. When prescriptions of insulin are prescribed, dispensed or administered, healthcare professionals cross-reference available information to confirm the correct identity of insulin products. 4. Systems are in place to enable hospital inpatients to self- administer insulin where feasible and safe. 4. National Patient Safety Agency. Patient Safety Alert NPSA/2011/PSA003: The adult patients passport to safe use of insulin available at: http://www.nrls.npsa.nhs.uk/resources/?EntryId45=130397 (Accessed June 2012)
. 11 UKHMG00609 : June 2012 NPSA Resources: A patient information booklet and insulin passport 4. http://www.nrls.npsa.nhs.uk/resources/?EntryId45=130397 http://www.nrls.npsa.nhs.uk/resources/?EntryId45=130397 A shorter version of the booklet is available and can be printed from the NPSA and Leicestershire Diabetes websites 5 http://www.leicestershirediabetes.org.uk/582.html 4. National Patient Safety Agency. Patient Safety Alert NPSA/2011/PSA003: The adult patients passport to safer use of insulin available at: http://www.nrls.npsa.nhs.uk/resources/?EntryId45=130397 (Accessed June 2012) 5.. NHS Diabetes, The Safe Use of Insulin and You, available at: http://www.leicestershirediabetes.org.uk/582.html) (Accessed June 2012)http://www.leicestershirediabetes.org.uk/582.html
. 12 UKHMG00609 : June 2012 NPSA: Patient information booklet and insulin passport Shorter version of the patient information booklet 5 NPSA Patient information booklet 4 NPSA generic insulin passport 4 (Folds to credit card size) 4.NHS, The adult patients passport to safer use of insulin, available at: http://www.nrls.npsa.nhs.uk/resources/?EntryId45=130397 (Accessed June 2012) 5. NHS Diabetes, The Safe Use of Insulin and You, available at: http://www.leicestershirediabetes.org.uk/582.html (Accessed June 2012) Reproduced with permission from NHS Commissioning Board Special Health Authority
. Pharmaceutical company resources 13 UKHMG00609 : June 2012 Insulin Safety cards are available for Eli Lilly, Novo Nordisk and Sanofi Aventis insulins, which have been agreed by the NPSA as suitable alternatives to the passport 6. – The original Lilly insulin safety cards have been updated. However, organisations should record on their risk registers if these are being used instead of the NPSA tools It is the responsibility of the prescriber to give out the passport/insulin safety card and the patient information booklet. This includes when initiating insulin and giving repeat prescriptions 6 6. NHS, Implementation of the Insulin Passport, available at: http://www.diabetes.nhs.uk/safe_use_of_insulin/implementation_of_the_insulin_passport / (Accessed June 2012) http://www.diabetes.nhs.uk/safe_use_of_insulin/implementation_of_the_insulin_passport /
. 15 UKHMG00609 : June 2012 Updated Humulin ® (human insulin) family safety cards – now meet NPSA insulin passport requirements Humulin M3 Humulin S Humulin I KwikPen Cartridge Vial (New) Cartridge (New) Cartridge KwikPen Vial (New) Vial (New)
. 16 UKHMG00609 : June 2012 Guidance for use of the patient information booklet Give to the patient and encourage patients to read it. Explain that several insulins have similar names and this leaflet highlights that mistakes can be made in the prescribing, dispensing and administration of their insulin If working in GP practice, record the appropriate Read code in the patients notes: – Insulin alert patient information booklet given 8CE01 – Professional judgement not to engage patient with insulin alert requirements 8IF. – Insulin alert patient information booklet information discussed 671F0 – Bring to patients attention the Patient Information Leaflet included with their insulin
. 17 UKHMG00609 : June 2012 Guidance for use of company insulin safety card Select the appropriate insulin safety card for the correct insulin AND device Give to the patient and ask them to carry at all times and use it to check they have the correct insulin when receiving a prescription, when insulin is dispensed, or in situations when insulin is being given to them by another person Advise the patient to destroy any old cards they have Record that the card has been given. Read codes are: – Insulin passport given 8CE02 – Insulin passport completed 8BAi. – Informed dissent not to carry insulin passport 8BAj. If correct insulin safety card not available: – Give the NPSA generic insulin passport and complete the details for the insulin(s) and device prescribed
. 18 UKHMG00609 : June 2012 The Be Insulin Aware campaign – Patient resources The Lilly insulin safety cards are available:- – As stand that includes the ten most frequently prescribed Lilly insulin presentations or – As boxes of individual Lilly insulin presentations. In an Emergency Cards – For patients who have diabetes and take insulin. – These are credit-card sized. – Contain emergency advice for patients who are suffering from a hypo. – There is also space for emergency contact details.
. 19 UKHMG00609 : June 2012 The Be Insulin Aware campaign – Patient resources Patient Self Management Plan and Diary – Available for Humalog, Humalog Mix25, Humalog Mix50, Humulin I and Humulin M3 For use in a specified regimen (i.e. b.d., tds) – Colour coded patient diary includes a photograph of the insulin the patient has been prescribed and safety information regarding this insulin Top tips for a healthy lifestyle, sick day rules, HbA1c – what is it, plus much more.
. 20 UKHMG00609 : June 2012 The Be Insulin Aware campaign Healthcare professional resources Insulins Safety Range Chart, includes: – Insulin Type – Insulin Profile – Insulin Packaging and colour coding Insulin Letter Template: – Designed to be downloaded (from www.lillydiabetes.co.uk) and printed on NHS headed paper to provide information about our Humalog family of insulins and highlight the importance of insulin safety. - Can be sent to appropriate individuals, eg. local pharmacists or hospital inpatient staff.
. 21 UKHMG00609 : June 2012 Further Information Resources and Patient Leaflets A selection of further patient leaflets and information resources, many now available in 6 different languages: For more information and to download a wide range of free materials, visit www.lillydiabetes.co.uk or contact Lillys Customer Care on (01256) 315000www.lillydiabetes.co.uk
. 22 UKHMG00609 : June 2012 Summary: Be Insulin Aware When prescribing, dispensing and injecting insulin Prescribers (specialists, GPs) Dispensers (pharmacists) Advice for the patient prior to injection Be familiar with the insulin you prescribe Ensure the patient knows what has been prescribed and how to take it correctly Ensure others can easily identify what has been prescribed Ensure you understand what has been prescribed Ensure hospital personnel receive what has been prescribed and understand how to administer it correctly Ensure the patient receives what has been prescribed and understands how to take it correctly Ensure your patients know what they have been prescribed Ensure your patients check that they receive what they have been prescribed Ensure your patients know how to inject what they have been prescribed in the right way