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Respirator Fit-Test Training for Pesticides Environmental Health & Safety San Diego State University CSL 106 (619) 594-6778.

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Presentation on theme: "Respirator Fit-Test Training for Pesticides Environmental Health & Safety San Diego State University CSL 106 (619) 594-6778."— Presentation transcript:

1 Respirator Fit-Test Training for Pesticides Environmental Health & Safety San Diego State University CSL 106 (619)

2 Why do you need a respirator? Remove dust/particulates from air you are breathing Remove dust/particulates from air you are breathing Remove chemical inhalation when working with or near chemicals Remove chemical inhalation when working with or near chemicals Filters the air so that no chemical or particulates will be inhaled and potentially cause harm, either immediate or progressive Filters the air so that no chemical or particulates will be inhaled and potentially cause harm, either immediate or progressive

3 Summary Respiratory Requirements Respiratory Requirements Respiratory Hazards Respiratory Hazards Types of Respirators Types of Respirators Respirator Cartridges Respirator Cartridges Limitations Limitations Respirator Parts, Inspection, Seal Check Respirator Parts, Inspection, Seal Check Maintenance and Care Maintenance and Care

4 Respirator Requirements Physical Exam to deduce fitness for use of respirator Physical Exam to deduce fitness for use of respirator Training on proper use and abilities of the respirator Training on proper use and abilities of the respirator Fit Test to determine proper size respirator Fit Test to determine proper size respirator Determine cartridge appropriate to hazards in work area Determine cartridge appropriate to hazards in work area

5 Respiratory Hazards Dusts Created when solid material are broken down into fine particles that float in the air before settling under gravity. Created when solid material are broken down into fine particles that float in the air before settling under gravity.Fumes Created when solid material vaporize under high heat and then condense. EX. Metal vapor cools and condenses into extremely small particles from welding, smelting, and pouring molten metal Created when solid material vaporize under high heat and then condense. EX. Metal vapor cools and condenses into extremely small particles from welding, smelting, and pouring molten metal Vapors condense into small particles that are light enough to be breathable Vapors condense into small particles that are light enough to be breathable

6 Respiratory Hazards Mists Tiny liquid drops formed from liquid materials by atomisation and condensation processes Tiny liquid drops formed from liquid materials by atomisation and condensation processes Ex. Spraying operations, plating operations, mixing and cleaning operations Ex. Spraying operations, plating operations, mixing and cleaning operationsGases Substances that are similar to air in their ability to diffuse or spread freely throughout a container or air Substances that are similar to air in their ability to diffuse or spread freely throughout a container or air Ex. Oxygen, carbon dioxide, carbon monoxide, nitrogen, and helium Ex. Oxygen, carbon dioxide, carbon monoxide, nitrogen, and helium

7 Respiratory Hazards Vapors The gaseous state of substances that are either liquids or solids at room temperature. They are formed when solids or liquids evaporate. The gaseous state of substances that are either liquids or solids at room temperature. They are formed when solids or liquids evaporate. Ex. Petroleum, paint thinners, degreasing solvents Ex. Petroleum, paint thinners, degreasing solvents Oxygen Deficiency Occurs when the percentage of oxygen in the air falls below 19.5%. Occurs when the percentage of oxygen in the air falls below 19.5%. Deficiency can be caused by a chemical reaction, fire, or when other chemicals displace oxygen from the air. Deficiency can be caused by a chemical reaction, fire, or when other chemicals displace oxygen from the air.

8 Types of Respirators Air-Filtering Respirator (particulates) Air-Filtering Respirator (particulates) –Disposable dust mask Air-Purifying Respirator (organic vapors, acid gases, particulates) Air-Purifying Respirator (organic vapors, acid gases, particulates) –Half mask –Full face mask –Powered Air Purifying Respirator (PAPR) Air-Supplying Respirator (oxygen deficiency, organic vapors, acid gases, particulates) Air-Supplying Respirator (oxygen deficiency, organic vapors, acid gases, particulates) –Self-contained breathing apparatus (SCBA)

9 Respirator Cartridges There are three common cartridges used Particulate Particulate –Removes particles from air like dust Organic Vapor Organic Vapor –Removes chemicals from air when using solvents Acid Gas Acid Gas –Removes acid based gases from air

10 Respirator Cartridges Other cartridges available Other cartridges available –Ammonia, Methylamine –Mercury Vapor, Chlorine –Sulfur Dioxide –Hydrogen Fluoride –Formaldehyde –Chlorine, Chlorine Dioxide, Hydrogen Chlorine

11 Particulates Dusts Dusts Small particles capable of entering the respiratory tract Small particles capable of entering the respiratory tract Can use disposable dust mask to remove particulates from air Can use disposable dust mask to remove particulates from air Can cause respiratory issues, like wheezing and coughing Can cause respiratory issues, like wheezing and coughing

12 Organic Vapors Solvents and pesticides off-gas volatile organic compounds like formaldehyde Solvents and pesticides off-gas volatile organic compounds like formaldehyde –Ex. Acetone, benzene, carbon tetrachloride, chloroform, ethanol, ethyl ether Organic solvents are used as: Organic solvents are used as: cleaners, degreaser, refrigerants, coolants, paint, ink, glue, varnishes cleaners, degreaser, refrigerants, coolants, paint, ink, glue, varnishes

13 Health Effect Immediate Symptoms Immediate Symptoms –Eye, nose, lung irritation, headache dizziness, visual disorders, and memory impairment Toxic Solvents Toxic Solvents –Affect central nervous system, interfere with memory, loss of coordination, weakness, nausea Long Term Effect Long Term Effect –Liver or kidney damage, cancer

14 Acid Gases Found in laboratories, pools, confined spaces Found in laboratories, pools, confined spaces –Ex. Hydrogen sulfide, hydrogen chloride, hydrogen flouride, chlorine, chlorine dioxide Can effect body through respiratory tract, skin contact or vapor contact with eyes Can effect body through respiratory tract, skin contact or vapor contact with eyes

15 Health Effects Immediate Symptoms Immediate Symptoms –Eye irritation, choking, skin burns, wheezing Long Term Exposure Effects Long Term Exposure Effects –Apnea, coma, eye pain, dermatitis, pulmonary edema, bronchitis, rhinorrhea, bronchoconstriction

16 Limitations of Air Purifying Does not protect against oxygen deficiency, high/low temperatures Does not protect against oxygen deficiency, high/low temperatures Only filters air based on type of cartridge Only filters air based on type of cartridge Do not use when: Do not use when: Performing abrasive blasting Performing abrasive blasting In atmospheres with toxic concentrations of contaminant In atmospheres with toxic concentrations of contaminant For firefighting For firefighting

17 Chemical Limitations The following is a partial list of gaseous materials for which Air-purifying respirators should not be used for respiratory protection regardless of concentration or time of exposure AcroleinHydrazine Methyl chloride NitroglycerinStibine Arsine Hydrogen cyanide Methyl isocyanate Nitromethane Sulfur chloride Bromine Hydrogen fluoride Methylene bisphenyl Ozone Toluene diisocyanate Carbon Monoxide Hydrogen selenide Methylene chloride Phosgene Vinyl chloride Dimethylaniline Hydrogen sulfide Nickel carbonyl Phosphine Vinylidene chloride Dimethyl sulfate IsocyanateNitrobenzene Phosphorus oxychloride Ethylene oxide Methyl bromide Nitrogen oxide Phosphorus trichloride

18 Respirator Emergency If you feel any of the following conditions, leave the area, remove face mask, call for help Breathing becomes difficult Breathing becomes difficult Dizziness or other distress Dizziness or other distress Smell, taste, or sense irritation Smell, taste, or sense irritation Respirator becomes damaged Respirator becomes damaged

19 Seal Check Conditions Some conditions prevent a good face- piece to face seal –Facial hair, sideburns –Glasses –Major weight loss, weight gain –Dental surgery, dentures, or removal of teeth –Warped respirator face-piece (due to heat or from cramming into lockers)

20 Respirator Parts Head harness Head harness Inhalation/exhalati on flap Inhalation/exhalati on flap Inhalation/exhalati on connectors Inhalation/exhalati on connectors Cartridges Cartridges Face-piece Face-piece

21 Before Use Inspection Inspect all parts before donning respirator Inspect all parts before donning respirator Look for: Look for: –Cracks, dents in face-piece –Punctured or torn mask –Loss of elasticity in head harness –In/ex flaps hard, warped –In/ex connector broken, cracked –Cartridge filter dirty or cracked Go to EH&S for replacements parts

22 Before use Inspection Before entering a respirator worthy work space –Positive Pressure Test Cover exhalation guard with hand and exhale slightly. Mask shall bulge, but face seal should remain Cover exhalation guard with hand and exhale slightly. Mask shall bulge, but face seal should remain –Negative Pressure Test Cover inhalation cartridges with hands and inhale slightly. Mask shall collapse, but face seal should remain Cover inhalation cartridges with hands and inhale slightly. Mask shall collapse, but face seal should remain If tests fail, readjust respirator to face using the head piece straps and try again

23 Maintenance and Care After each use After each use –Remove cartridges –Wash respirator with warm water and soap –Scrub with a brush (not wire) –Blot dry with a paper towel –Disinfect with provided disinfection wipes Store in bag provided when not in use Store in bag provided when not in use Do not share respirators Do not share respirators

24 Respirator Needs? ContactEH&S (619)


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