Cover Photo Photo by Cathy Walker-Steidinger and Delila Bane, Gibson City-Melvin-Sibley (IL) Community Unit School District #5 Oceanarium Architects: Lohan Caprile Goettsch architects, Chicago Oceanarium Lighting Designers: Claude R. Engle Lighting Products by Philips: These products reduced mercury levels in Shedd Aquarium
Definition Sustainable lighting design meets the qualitative needs of the visual environment with the least impact on the natural environment. International Association of Lighting Designers (IALD) Sustainability Committee, 2000
Reduce, Reuse, Recycle: The Key to Sustainable Lighting State government mandates and corporate awareness are causing environmental attention & compliance to grow very fast Sustainable lighting practice is part of sustainable development Environmental decision-making is now made at a higher level in most organizations: Top down directive to buy green Value Creation Long term customer relationships
Sustainable Lighting Good Practice Redefined Five years ago, good lighting design practice included a strong focus on architectural integration and decoration – with some technical attention to basic energy conservation. Today, environmental awareness is inherent to good practice for every project – beyond energy efficiency – to include maximum use of daylighting, origins & longevity of products, reuse, recycling & disposal considerations.
Sustainable Development Commitment We recognize the need to perform not only against a single, financial bottom line, but against the triple bottom line. This involves the simultaneous pursuit not only of economic prosperity and environmental quality, but of social equity as well. Its about living up to our brand promise, Lets make things better. - Gerard Kleisterlee, President, Royal Philips Electronics
Philips provides a publicly disclosed certification. Philips Alto ISO compliant LCA meets MTS Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) Standard. LCA identifies product benefits/impacts throughout the supply chain. Public Disclosure
EPA Hierarchy – Lamps Reduce - Environmental impact (mercury,lead) Reuse - mercury Recycle - mercury containing lamps Dispose - last choice & not advisable due to environmental impact & liability, & not legal in several states including California
Environmental Impacts of Lighting Raw materials & processes to make fixtures, ballasts, lamps, controls Longevity of those products to reduce replacement & waste Energy/watts consumed by fixtures when installed Fuel to deliver products to project sites & packaging for safe transport
Sustainable Lighting Questions: life cycle impacts & benefits Raw materials: What are the materials needed? Where are they from? Are they renewable or are we depleting a limited supply? Process: Where are the products assembled, are any hazardous chemicals used? Is the health of the workers at risk? What emissions or water- borne chemicals leave the factory? How much waste is created to make 1 product?
Sustainable Lighting: life cycle impacts & benefits Packaging / Delivery: What packaging materials are used to safely transport the products? How much material is needed? Is the material bio-degradable? Can it be recycled? Does the manufacturer take it back to reuse it? How close is the factory to the project site? Can the products be delivered all at once to reduce fuel waste? Installation / Use: How easy is the product to install? Can it be easily damaged during installation? How long will it last? What can be done to increase its life?
Sustainable Lighting: life cycle impacts & benefits cont… Reclamation/ Reuse / Disposal: Is the product reusable? Is the product recyclable? Is it biodegradable? Can it be sent back to the manufacturer for reuse? Do materials go to landfill & if so how much? All landfills leak & create environmental degradation.
Reduction –1 st R Reduce mercury content- www.INFORMINC.org Ask manufacturer mercury content Reduce lead solder usage-94% lead free by end 2003- Introduction of low mercury T-5
* Based on 20K burning hours, Hg content of 23 mg/ T12 lamp, and 8 mg per T8 lamp. Hg content of fuels is US weighted average for fossil and nonfossil fuels, calculated from Environmental and Health Aspects of Lighting: Mercury J.IES 1994. Disposal emissions assume 3% in residuals of recycling, 90% from incinerators. Magnetic TCLP Failing Recycled Electronic TCLP Compliant Recycled Electronic TCLP Compliant Incinerated Output Equivalent Light Milligrams of Mercury KEY Lifetime Mercury Emissions
Regulation & Standards State of Iowa State contracts require lowest mercury available State of Washington statute - no mercury or lowest available LEED-Existing Buildings targets mercury content to 100 picograms per lumen hour, per LEED-EB 2nd review draft currently posted on USGBC.org
MERCURY FISH ADVISORIES Illinois – All Rivers and lakes San Francisco Bay Delaware River (NJ) Onondaga Lake (NY) Snake River (OR) The Everglades Coal fired power plants are predominant mercury source.
Philips Lighting Formula An Energy Blueprint for the Nation Relamped Berkeley California city block with energy efficient lighting Residential & Business Demonstrated how easy it is to improve efficiency by changing lamps Created a Blueprint for others Partners: Department of Energy, State of California & City of Berkeley Case Study…
Longer Lamp Life: Less Waste Less Manufacturing, Less Replacement Fluorescent extended rated life Universal T8 20,000 hrs (all ballast types) Advantage - Plus T8 24,000 hrs Induction Lighting 100,000 hrs Halogen longer life of 2-3 versus incandescent Longer life products reduce Lamps to eco-system Packaging Transportation emissions High performance longer life lamps reduce waste & pollution from power plants!
Induction Lighting: A Sustainable Product Induction Lamp Life 100,000 hrs Mercury 5-7.5 mg Color Rendering 85 White Light Instant on High Pressure Sodium Life 24,000 hours Mercury 17-25 mg Color Rendering 22 Orange-Yellow light Restrike 10-15 minutes
Reusing materials-second R Recycled mercury used for dosing lamps Barrier layer allows continual reuse of mercury during operation Active industrial reuse of glass in tube manufacture Reuse of packaging – internal shipments Recycled content packaging
Recycling –third R Industry active in outreach program (SWAMA, ALMR,NEMA) Distributors encouraged to develop recycling programs Introduction of end users to recyclers
Recycling of Mercury Lamps Reverse Distribution- WESCO Maine Distributor-Recycler partnership Distributor prepaid box program Recycler Direct Contact with end users Recycler partnership with County and Municipalities For more info: 732-563-3197
States requiring recycling of all lamps California Minnesota Vermont Maine Rhode Island Connecticut Florida-1/2 of state
Reduce, Reuse, Recycle: T he Key to Sustainable Product Manufacturing Internal program for sustainable product design & manufacturing Reduces energy use Reduces manufacturing waste Reduces water use Reduces emissions ISO 14001 certification ISO 14040 compliant product life cycle assessments (LCAs)