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Rail Car 101. Objective Upon the completion of this module, participants will be able to describe rail transport of hazardous materials, focusing on denatured.

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Presentation on theme: "Rail Car 101. Objective Upon the completion of this module, participants will be able to describe rail transport of hazardous materials, focusing on denatured."— Presentation transcript:

1 Rail Car 101

2 Objective Upon the completion of this module, participants will be able to describe rail transport of hazardous materials, focusing on denatured fuel ethanol.

3 General Railroad Statistics Hundreds of operating railroads in the U.S. Tens of millions of railcar shipments each year Over a hundred thousand miles of track in U.S. Over a million railcars in service Over a hundred thousand employees

4 Railroad Statistics for Hazmat Over a million loads of hazardous materials are shipped via rail Ethanol is over a quarter of total number of hazmat shipments About three-quarters of the transportation of ethanol is conducted via rail Ethanol is over one percent of all railroad shipments

5 Initial Noticeable Characteristics

6 Tank Car Body Stencil

7 Tank Car End Stencil

8 Bottom Outlet Stencil

9 Placard Example Key characteristics: Placard color Hazard class UN number

10 Ethanol Placarding Ethanol Concentration Preferred Proper Shipping Name E1 to E10 Gasohol, UN 1203 or Gasoline, UN 1203 E11 to E94 Ethanol and Gasoline mixture, UN 3475 E95 to E99 Denatured Alcohol, NA 1987 or Alcohols n.o.s., UN 1987 E100 Ethanol, UN 1170 or Ethyl Alcohol, UN 1170

11 Brakes Hand –Holds the car in place –Prevents the tank car from moving and possibly causing further damage at incident site or harm to a responder Air –If there is an incident, potential for a rapid release of air causing the hose and fittings to strike a responder

12 Hand Brake

13 Air Brake

14 Brake Cylinder

15 Double-Shelf Couplers

16 Coupler

17 Tank Car Wheels Separated from Tank Car

18 Valves

19 Vacuum Relief

20 Top Operated Bottom Outlet Valve

21 Bottom Outlet Valve

22 Butterfly

23 Manway

24 Top Ethanol NAR Causes/Issues Manway –Loose bolts –Gasket deteriorated/wrong type –Gasket misaligned –Gasket missing Bottom outlet valve –Cap loose – Valve open –Cap loose – Valve closed

25 Manway – Without Bolts

26 Manway – Loose Bolts

27 Additional Resources Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration (PHMSA) –www.phmsa.dot.govwww.phmsa.dot.gov Federal Railway Administration (FRA) –www.fra.dot.govwww.fra.dot.gov Association of American Rail Roads (AAR) –www.aar.orgwww.aar.org Non-Accident Release Reduction Program (NAR) –www.nar.aar.comwww.nar.aar.com


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