Presentation on theme: "Mobile Networking through Mobile IP Presenter: Guimin Zhang."— Presentation transcript:
Mobile Networking through Mobile IP Presenter: Guimin Zhang
Truly Mobile Networking Provide confident access to the Internet anytime, anywhere Reconnection occurs automatically and noninteractively Mobility transparent to applications and higher level protocols such as TCP
Todays Internet Protocol Packets are routed to destinations based on IP address
Apply to Mobile Networking
Mobile IP Approach Mobile IP uses two IP addresses : Home address: The IP address assigned to the mobile node, making it logically appear attached to its home network. Care-of address: An IP address at the mobile node's current point of attachment to the Internet, when the mobile node is not attached to the home network.
Mobile Network Terminology (1) Home network: The network at which the mobile node seems reachable, to the rest of the Internet, by virtue of its assigned IP address. Foreign network: The network to which the mobile node is attached when it is not attached to its home network, and on which the care-of address is reachable from the rest of the Internet.
Mobile Network Terminology (2) Home agent: A router on the home network that effectively causes the mobile node to be reachable at its home address even when the mobile node is not attached to its home network. Foreign agent: A router on the foreign network that can assist the mobile node in receiving datagrams delivered to the care-of address.
How Mobile IP Works HA
How Mobile IP Works HA FA Register Discovery Discovering the care-of address Registering the care-of address Tunneling to the care-of address
Agent Discovery Protocol Extends ICMP Router Discovery protocol ICMP Router Discovery Protocol enables hosts attached to multicast or broadcast networks to discover the IP addresses of their neighboring routers. Agent advertisements: The mobile agent broadcast agent advertisements at regular intervals. Agent solicitation: The mobile node broadcast or multicast a solicitation that will be answered by any foreign agent or home agent that receives it.
Advertisement Message Formats ICMP Router Advertisement Prefix Length extension Type: 19 Prefix Length: network number of the corresponding Router Address listed in the ICMP Router Advertisement portion of the message.
Mobile Node Move Detection Lifetime based The mobile node record the Lifetime of advertisement message. If it fails to receive another advertisement from the same agent until the the Lifetime expires, it considers to find a new agent. Network prefixes based The Prefix-length extension is used to determine if the newly received advertisement is in the same subnet as the mobile nodes current care-of-address.
Registration MH: mobile host; FA: Foreign Agent; HA: Home Address Exchange of Registration Request and Registration Reply messages: UDP using well-known port 434
Foreign Agent Consideration Each foreign agent must be configured with a care of address For each pending or current registration, the foreign agent maintains a visitor list entry containing: Link-layer source address of the mobile node The mobile nodes Home Address The Home Agent address The identification field The requested registration Lifetime The remaining Lifetime of the pending or current registration
Security Considerations in Registration Danger: Registration Request works remotely to the home agent to affect the home agent's routing table Security: Authentication: Home agents and mobile nodes perform authentication using MD5 algorithm and key size of 128 bits. Replay Protection: The Identification field is used to verify that a registration message has been freshly generated. timestamp, random number
Tunneling to the Care of Address
Changes with IP Version 6 Route Optimization When it knows the mobile node's current care-of address, a correspondent node can deliver packets directly to the mobile node's home address without any assistance from the home agent Security Strong authentication and encryption features are included in IP V6
Problems Facing Mobile IP Security issues Routing inefficiency Triangle routing Ingress filtering User perceptions of reliability Competition from other protocols
Mobile IP Related Projects The CMU Monarch Project: Protocols for Adaptive Mobile and Wireless Networking Portland State Secure Mobile Networking Project State University of New York, Binghamton's Linux-Mobile IP Stanford's Operating Systems and Networking Group's MosquitoNet BBN Technologies' Mobile IP Security page
Reference "Mobile Networking through Mobile IP," C. Perkins, IEEE Internet Computing, Vol. 2, No. 1, "Mobile IP," C. Perkins, IEEE Communications Magazine, Vol. 35, No. 5, 1997.