2 Copyright Ruth Miskin Literacy ‘Reading by six: How the best schools do it’‘Effective teachers are highly trained to instill the principles of phonics, can identify the learning needs of young children, and recognise and overcome the barriers that impede learning.’HMI Ofsted report on ‘Reading by Six’December 20104/1/2017Copyright Ruth Miskin Literacy
3 Why Read Write Inc Phonics? Tried and tested over many yearsSystematic and structuredEarly success in readingTraining and ongoing staff developmentWe chose this particular programme because we know that Read Write Inc:is rooted in synthetic phonics.has been tried and tested over and over againis systematic, structured and therefore results in rapid teaching and learning of sounds & blendingmeans that, importantly and simply, when children know these sounds well and they can blend, they read books that are carefully matched to the sounds they know. Which means that children are successful from the very beginning!gave all staff 2 whole days intensive training to teach the programmeQuote from Ruth:“When children can’t read there is low self esteem. We want them to be reading with confidence, to be able to read quite sophisticated texts at an early age.”Ruth Miskin – former headteacher and creator of Read Write Inc Phonics4/1/2017
4 What is Read Write Inc Phonics? A rapid Learn to read programmeso children can…Read to learn for the rest of their livesAll of us will have been in the learn to read phase at some time in our lives. The quicker we we learn to read, the quicker we can start to read to learn – this phase lasts for the rest of lives.Read Write Inc. lasts two years for most children, if they start to learn to read in the Reception class. There are some children with learning difficulties who spend longer on the programme.4/1/2017
5 Who is it for? 4 year olds plus Older children who need to ‘catch-up’ Children new to EnglishIn using Read Write Inc. we will ensure two things: That new children who come to our school read fluently by the age of 7. It also catches those children who have already slipped through the net; those who are struggling. Read Write Inc. teaches all these children to read. EAL, SEN, dyslexic children also learn on this programme.4/1/2017
6 How does it work? Children: Learn 44 sounds and matching letters/letter groupsLearn to blend sounds to read wordsRead lots of specially written booksThis is decoding4/1/2017
7 How does it work? Children: Talk a lot about what they have read to show they understandListen to and discuss other ideas to deepen understandingThis is comprehendingSpeaking & Listening elements of literacy are built in to RWI from the very beginning through lots of talking and partner work.4/1/2017
8 Sounds All words are made up of sounds In English there are 44 We use pure sounds (‘m’ not’ muh’, ’s’ not ‘suh’, etc.) so that your child will be able to blend the sounds into words more easily. In school we use a puppet called Fred who can do this beautifully! We call talking like this Fred Talk.4/1/2017
9 Graphemes A grapheme is a sound written down English has more than 150 graphemesA complex code!YouIn English we have more 150 ways to represent 44 sounds using our 26 alphabet letters so groups of letters are used as well as single letters – these are called graphemes. We will teach the 100 most commonly used graphemes for the 44 sounds. But we will teach them systematically and very thoroughly.4/1/2017
10 Chart This chart shows the most usual graphemes for the 44 sounds 4/1/2017
11 The complex English alphabetic code This chart shows the most usual graphemes for the 44 soundsEach box is a sound box showing different ways to read and write the sound.4/1/2017
12 Learning the code Children learn a simple code first This chart shows just one grapheme per sound. We divide them into set 1 and set 2 & we systematically teach set 1 & blending and then set 2 and then we go on to the full chart which includes set 3.4/1/2017
13 If English had a simple code spelling and reading would be much easier!! play mayk trayn cafay strayt wayt braykgreen dreem kee hee happeelight kight fligh Igh igh tighblow smowk flowt gow mowstmoon broot bloo grooIf English had a simple code spelling and reading would be much easier!!Have a quick read for fun.But of course, it’s not like this!!4/1/2017Copyright Ruth Miskin Literacy
14 c-a-t ch-a-t l-igh-t c-r-a-sh As they learn the sounds and graphemes, we will teach your child to blend by hearing the words in Fred Talk 1st. Once they know the graphemes they can sound-blend/Fred Talk to read words.
15 How can you help your child? By...Saying the 44 English sounds in a pure wayKnowing the letters and groups of letters (graphemes) used to read and write the soundsUnderstanding ‘Fred’ and how he helps with reading and spellingFirst of all, you can help your child if you know how to pronounce the 44 sounds perfectly and understand the blending process.
16 Set 1 sounds Set 2 sounds f l m n r s v z sh th ng nk b c d g h j p qu Consonants: stretchyflmnrsvzshthngnkConsonants: bouncybcdghjpqutwxychkVowels: bouncyVowels: stretchyaeiouayeeighowThere is an audio guide on the Ruth Miskin Literacy website and a downloadable parent letter which gives guidance on pure pronunciation.ooarorairirouoySet 1 soundsSet 2 sounds
17 f l m n r s v z sh th ng nk ff ph ll le mm mb nn kn rr wr ss se c ce vezzticibckdghjpqutwxychbbckddgggedgeppttwhtchaeiouayeeighoweaa_eaiyi_eieo_eoaThis chart show the many different graphemes for the same sounds! No other language has a many to learn! Pink graphemes are Set 3, they only learn these once they know all of Set 1 & 2 effortlessly – systematic and structured!ooarorairirouoyireearureu_eueewoororeawauareurerowoi
18 Fred... Fred helps children learn to read Fred can only talk in sounds...(Fred can only say c_a_t, he can’t say cat)We call this Fred Talk4/1/2017
19 Copyright Ruth Miskin Literacy Fred...If children understand Fredthey can blend orallyBlending is needed for readingOnce your child knows the graphemes for each sound, they can use Fred Talk for reading any word4/1/2017Copyright Ruth Miskin LiteracyCopyright Ruth Miskin Literacy
20 Fred... Fred helps children learn to spell as well! Children convert words into soundsThey press the sounds they hear on to their fingers...We call this Fred Fingers4/1/2017
21 Storybooks and Get Writing Books Every day, your child will read and write the words that contain the sounds and graphemes they have learned so far, using lively, fun phonic storybooks and a Get Writing book. There are lots of non-fiction books as well!4/1/2017
22 Copyright Ruth Miskin Literacy Fresh Start Modules: reading and writingOptional slide showing Fresh Start resources for older pupils (Y5 onwards) who need to catch up quickly.4/1/2017Copyright Ruth Miskin LiteracyCopyright Ruth Miskin Literacy
23 So how can you help your child? By knowing the 44 pure soundsBy using the Speed Sound cards with your childBy knowing how to blend using Fred Talk for reading m_a_tBy knowing how to do Fred Fingers for spellingThere are other things you as parents & carers can do at home. See next few slides.4/1/2017
24 And... By having fun with Fred Talk at home! “What a tidy r-oo-m!” “Where’s your c-oa-t?”“Time for b-e-d!”back, head, tum, leg, hand, foot, kneecoat, hat, scarf, zip, sock, gloverun, walk, skip, hop, fast, slow, stop, shopred, blue, green, black,knife, fork, spoon, plate, bowl, panbread, cheese, meat, soup, jam, cake4/1/2017
25 And...By reading to your child lots of lovely stories and asking lots of questions!Use these prompts to help you:What is that character thinking?What do you thinkhappens next?What is happening?Reading to your child lots of lovely stories that are at a higher level than your child can read yet.What is the character saying?What do youthink that character isfeeling now?4/1/2017
26 And...By talking to your child as much as possible and ‘feeding’ them new and different words:“Let’s eat our lunch now.”“Let’s munch our lunch now.”“Let’s scoff our lunch now.”“Let’s devour our lunch now!”You’re looking ...not just...but...I’m not just... I’m....!A rich vocabulary is essential for high levels of comprehension. The more words your child has in his/her head when they come to school, the quicker they will understand when they read, e.g.“Wow that’s a big dog!”“Wow that’s an enormous dog!”“Wow that’s a massive dog!”Quicker their understanding (comprehension) when they learn to read (decode) the words.
27 And... By enriching conversations through description: “Look at that rain. It looks like little diamonds sparkling on the window pane!”By having fun with words and language.“I’m as hot as a spud in a cooking pot!”By praising your child for using new words or interesting images4/1/2017
28 And...By having a look at the parents’ pages on the web for tips and resources for supporting your child at home:or(RWI resources are published byOxford University Press)4/1/2017
30 At this school the Read Write Inc Programme is managed by: Mrs AllstonCopyright Ruth Miskin Literacy
31 Why synthetic phonics?“Synthetic phonics offers the vast majority of young children the best and most direct route to becoming skilled readers and writers” Sir Jim RoseRose Review of Reading 2006Synthetic phonics is simply the ability to convert a letter or letter group into sounds that are then blended together into a word.4/1/2017
32 Reading levels Set 1 sounds and blending Fiction and non fiction texts Green, Purple, Pink: NC level 1bSet 1 & 2 soundsFiction and non fiction texts Pink, Orange: NC level 1b – 1aFiction and non fiction texts Yellow: NC level 1a – 2cFiction and non fiction texts Blue: NC level 2bSet 1, 2, 3 soundsFiction and non fiction texts Blue, Grey: NC level 2b – 2a+Children are in groups for reading at their current level – children move to next group asap – don’t all have to do every single book. Focused for faster progress.4/1/2017
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