Presentation on theme: "Psychoanalysis: A Freudian criticism of three works of literature"— Presentation transcript:
1 Psychoanalysis: A Freudian criticism of three works of literature A Clockwork OrangeThe Picture of Dorian GrayAtlas Shrugged
2 A Clockwork Orange Id, ego, and superego Dreams Father figures Oedipus complex
3 “What’s it going to be then, eh?” Alex freely acts out all desires, giving his id complete control.His superego fails to punish him because he sees no wrong in what he is doing.Music fuels violence and vice versa.
4 Dreams are the royal road to the unconscious Dreams that he loses his power – wish fulfillment of keeping power.Dream comes true when droogs turn on him.In jail, he dreams of music and violence, his two passions that are now taken away.In prison, he dreams of Ludwig van in form of castration complex.
5 RehabilitationBehavior modification program combines violent images with a physically sick feelingEgo changes because his relationship to reality is driven by physical sickness in relation to violenceSuperego still craves violence, but ego suppresses the urge to avoid feeling illBecomes a “Clockwork Orange”, alive on the outside, yet mechanical inside
6 ReintegrationAlex cannot defend himself because the thought of violence makes him ill.Sees F. Alexander as father figureOedipus complex fulfilled– Alex raped and killed F. Alexander’s wife.F. Alexander seeks revenge by using Alex then driving him to attempt suicide.
7 “I Was Cured All Right.”Alex envisions his tainted ego leaving his body and new, fresh ego entering, freeing him to act out his id’s desires.The ultimate wish fulfillment of regressing into his original state.
8 The Picture of Dorian Gray The UncannyId, Ego, SuperegoOedipus Complex
9 “If I would be always young, and the picture grow old…I would give my soul for that.” The Faustian bargain transfers evidence of Dorian’s age and misdeeds to the portrait.The picture becomes uncanny because it is essentially Dorian’s soul manifested in a physical painting.
10 “The only way to get rid of temptation is to yield to it…” Acts out all the fantasies of his idSuperego dissolves because he has no conscious and his self-ideal resides in the pictureEgo is transferred to the portrait because anything that would normally bring him pain is evident in the painting
11 He has been twenty-one nearly half a century He has no need for a superego .Society continues to accept him despite his horrid acts because he remains young and beautiful.The reader lives out the fantasy of being forever young.
12 A Schism of the SoulBasil (father figure) is horrified at the portrait and Dorian, realizing he’s done something wrong, kills him.Has no ego or superego so he destroys the painting. Because the portrait contains those essential parts, Dorian dies.
13 Atlas Shrugged The perfect man? Sex is not an animal instinct. Does repression cause everything?
14 “Who is John Galt?” The archetypal man Galt is in absolute control of himself, thus has successfully repressed all desires.Characters view sex as a recognition and sharing of values.
15 Possible repressions results in overly passionate views. "So you think that money is the root of all evil? Have you ever asked what is the root of money?"Wealth and values versus living life through alms, altruism, and socialism.Possible repressions results in overly passionate views.
16 ConclusionAll human motivations and behaviors can have psychoanalytical interpretations.The explanations are not always correct, but can me made to fit most circumstances.