3 Outline Effective presentation Attending conference Key stepsContentTechnicalOrganizationVisual aids: legible, short and simpleDelivery5 components of presentationNonverbal communicationKeep audience interestedPanic controlAttending conference7 Ps of effective presentation
4 Key steps in preparing a talk Know your audienceEducate your audiencePitch according to knowledge levelKnow your topicTell a storyOutline your talkWork backwardsTell what to talk, tell them, and tell what toldPracticePractice, practice and practiceZhi ji zhi bi bai zhan bai shenGang ju mu zhang
6 Three Ts of presentation IntroductionTell what you are going to tell themMain bodyTell themConclusionTell what you told them
7 Typical presentation Plan, prepare and present Introduction - 20% What you did, why you did it, & how you did itResults - 60%Provide < 3-4 facts since few remember > twoConclusion - 20%Summarize resultsMake conclusionsDiscussion implications
9 Visual aids Legible, short and simple Legible Short: less is more Font: Arial or Universal >Times New RomanSize: >24-32 ptTitles: 44 points + 4 & Body: 32 points + 4ColorsContrasting and clear backgroundShort: less is moreSlide 7 linesLine 6-8 wordsTitle 1 lineSentence 1 line
15 5 components of presentation AppearanceFirst impressions last a long timePosture is part of appearanceAppear alert but relaxedTake a minute to arrange your papersTake a breathGlance at the audienceMovementMoving stimulus attracts attentionMatch your messageGesturesShow the organizational patternEmphasize issuesFacial expression and eye contactBuild rapport with an audienceCommunication is a two-way processVocal behaviorInflection, articulation, pitch, volume & rate of speech
16 Nonverbal communication Shakespeare's dictumSuit action to word and word to actionNon-verbal is > verbal messageFacial expressions 55%Vocal tone 38%Words 7%
17 Keeping audience's interest VarietyAdd storiesUse humorEstablish rapportEye contactUse gesturesAsk questions14 years, never asked a single question.
18 Tips for effective presentation Never apologizeOne minute per slideOne idea/point per slidesNever read from slidesWords can’t be read at arm’s length won’t doA picture = thousand of wordsKeywords only: at-a-glance comprehensionRecord presentation
19 Podium panic Most people afraid of public speaking Reduce stress Smile Nervousness is understandable and invisiblePositive thinkingWork like magicYou are whom you think you areUse deep breathing techniquesCheck out the room firstConcentrate on the messagePractice, especially the first few slidesPeople are afraid of public speaking... In fact, most say that it's their number one fear. Death, apparently, only comes second.The sweaty palms, the butterflies in the stomach
20 Things to do in a conference Three reasons attending a conferenceInformation, inspiration, & interactionGive presentationAttend oral presentationAlways ask questionsIntroduce yourself after the presentationMeet peopleGo to their posters.Hang around the poster area in your field. This is where everyone in your field hangs out.Hang out with your supervisor.Get your supervisor to introduce you to people
21 7 Ps of effective presentation PurposePeoplePlacePreparationPlanning: effective organizationPersonality: positivePerformance: effective deliveryEngleberg (1994): Principles of public presentation
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