Presentation on theme: "Our connection to stories"— Presentation transcript:
1Our connection to stories ArchetypesOur connection to stories
2What is an Archetype?An original model after which other things are similarly patternedAn image, story pattern, character type, representation, or recurring ideaIt evokes strong associations to the reader or observerIt is derived from the “human condition”
3What should I look for to identify archetypes? A shared idea with all humanityAn inherited part of the human being that connects us allA constant and universal ideaThough it may differ from place to place, the concept is worldwideThese are often the same ideas you look for with a motif
4What kinds of Archetypes are there? There are three main archetypes:SituationalSymbolicCharacterWe will begin with Character archetypes…
5Character ArchetypesA person or being that serves as a representative of a greater idealCharacteristics, actions, abilities, or powers contribute to the archetype characterizationThere are many different archetypes present in literature
6Common Character Archetypes The SageThe HeroTemptressThe RulerStar-Crossed LoversThe InitiatesThe InnocentLoyal RetainersThe ScapegoatThe OutcastThe Devil FigureThe Evil Figure with the Ultimately Good HeartThe Outlaw or DestroyerEarth MotherJesterJust to name a few…
7Character Archetypes: The Hero Traditionally, the protagonist of a storyOften his past is a mysteryHe is the champion, king, leader or savior of manyEndures pain and sorrow that all leads to a greater good
8Character Archetypes: The Sage Serves as a teacher or counselor to the initiate or future heroUsually the “Wise Old Man”Helps the hero see his potential or inner strengthSometimes a Father or Mother figureGuides the Hero on his Quest tied to the motifThe Karate Kid’s Mr. Miyagi
9Character Archetypes: The Orphan Young heroes who must endure trainingThe Orphan can ultimately become a good character or a bad oneMust complete some type of an internal journey to determine their ultimate place in the worldThey are Innocent and often wear white (sometimes only temporarily)In order to become a Jedi Knight, Luke Skywalker must come to terms with who he is and choose to be a Jedi or be tempted by the “Dark side of the Force”
10Character Archetypes: Star-Crossed Lovers These two characters are engaged in a love affairFated to end tragicallySociety, family, or friends do not approve of the relationshipSometimes these characters can also be ill-fated friendships with the same resultRomeo & Juliet ultimately pay the price for their love through their tragic death
11Character Archetypes: Sacrificial Lamb Human or AnimalVoluntarily sacrifices himself for the good of othersUsually an allegory for and allusion to ChristPublic death is a sin of the communityHis death/ injury is usually necessary for the story to continue or the Hero to complete his questAslan from The Lion, the Witch, and the Wardrobe chooses to face the White Witch alone (and ultimately death) to save Edmund.
12Character Archetypes: The Fool Always optimistic that things will turn out wellSymbolic of blind hope and always has time for “silly” thingsSees the best in peopleWears his heart on his sleeve, easily giving and getting hurtDespite many trials and tribulations, Dory’s indomitable spirit has her “just keep swimming” until she and Marlin find Nemo.
13Character Archetypes: Sidekick Somewhat heroicSimilar to a servant with hero-like qualitiesDuty: Protect the HeroUsually the hero and the sidekick’s fates will be intertwinedThis is not like the Batman and Robin relationship, where the sidekick is an annoying “tag along” that gets the Hero in trouble; this character has an unyielding sense of loyalty and duty.Sam from Lord of The Rings is the loyal retainer of Frodo.
14Character Archetype: The Outlaw/Destroyer This character is often rejected from a society and, to gain revenge, wishes to destroy all forms of the society that rejected himSometimes this character begins as an orphan or another neutral character and is turned by tragedy
15Character Archetypes: The Monster Monster usually summoned from the deepest, darkest parts of the mindIt/he is usually an allegory for some larger social fearThreatens the life of the hero and threatens to destroy societyThis character does not always “look” outwardly like a monster, but can be so on the insideSummoned from nightmares, Freddy Krueger terrorized teens in the ‘80s and ‘90s in the Nightmare on Elm Street films.
16Character Archetypes: The Outcast Banished by Society or a social groupDestined to become a wandererMoves from place to placeUntil he learns manners, Hancock is the outcast of Los Angeles.
17Character Archetypes: The Trickster Plays tricks or otherwise disobeys normal rules and conventional behaviorOpenly mocks and questions authority, promotes chaos/unrestBrings new knowledge and wisdomBugs Bunny plays tricks on his adversaries that show their weaknesses.
18Character Archetypes: The Tyrant A leader who is obsessed with powerMay have started with good intentions, but now only wants power and steps on anyone in the wayUsually elected or given power, then becomes corrupted by itHitler’s initial election led to his power-hungry ways that destroyed the lives of many people.
19Character Archetypes: The Hag/Witch/Shaman An older person who has a great deal of wisdom and usually a connection with magical forcesCommunity members consult this person for advicePlays a vital part of the hero’s quest, but is uninvolved with the outcome of eventsIn the film The Matrix, the Oracle gives spiritual advice to Neo in his quest for the truth.
20Character Archetypes: The Sadist Truly crazy characterHis only desire is to create pain and sufferingViolent and craves control over life and deathWill never change and cannot be savedThe Joker wreaks havoc on the lives of Gotham’s residents in The Dark Knight Rises.
21Character Archetypes: The Doppelganger A character who is a “double” of another characterUsually possesses opposite characteristics to “twin” character“A ghostly double of a living person”Spider-man’s good qualities become the opposite while he is wearing the black suit.
22What is a Situational Archetype? A given experience that a hero or character must endure to move from one place in life to the nextActions and events that add to the plotA common event seen throughout stories in may different genres
23Examples of Situational Archetypes The QuestDeath and RebirthThe TaskNature vs. Mechanistic WorldThe InitiationGood vs. EvilThe JourneyThe Unhealable WoundThe FallThe Ritual
24Situational Archetypes: The Quest A quest describes a search for someone or something of great power or importanceA quest is never easily accomplished and often includes near impossible challenges
25Situational Archetypes: The Task The Hero must perform some nearly superhuman deedThis is done to save the kingdom, win the girl, or find himselfExample: Arthur pulls the sword from the stone
26Situational Archetypes: The Initiation An initiation symbolizes a rite of passageAn adolescent may come into adulthood through an initiatory eventVery much connected with growing up and maturityMasons created an initiation process that many secret societies still follow to date
27Situational Archetypes: The Journey Sends the hero on a search for some truth or informationForces the hero to discover many unpleasant truthsAt his lowest point, the hero will return to the world of the living
28Situational Archetypes: The Fall Shows a descent from a higher to lower state of beingRepresents a loss of innocenceUsually comes with some type of expulsion as a result of disobedience
29Situational Archetypes: Death and Rebirth The most common of all situational archetypesParallels the cycle of nature with the cycle of lifeMorning or Spring = Birth or YouthEvening or Winter = Old Age or Death
30Situational Archetypes: Nature vs. Technology Nature represents purity and goodTechnology represents evil and corruptionIn this archetype, technology destroys nature
31Situational Archetypes: Good vs. Evil Battle between two primal forcesTraditionally, Good will triumph over evilCan be found in almost any movie, book, or television showSimba (good) vs. Scar (evil) in The Lion King
32Situational Archetypes: The Unhealable Wound Either physical or psychological damage that cannot be repairedIndicates a loss of innocenceDrive the sufferer to extremesAnakin Skywalker (Darth Vader) will never fully recover from his battle wounds. He is forced into a mechanical suit because of his lost limbs and scarring.
33Situational Archetypes: The Ritual Mark a rite of passageShow character’s role in societyExplain a person’s role in the worldBaptism is an important ritual of the Christian faith. Once baptized, a person officially becomes a Christian.
34Symbolic ArchetypesThese serve as a representation of a specific person, act, deed, place or conflict. They are easily recognizable but not as common as situational archetypes.Light vs. DarknessInnate Wisdom vs. Educated StupidityWater vs. DesertHaven vs. WildernessHeaven vs. HellSupernatural InterventionThe Magic WeaponFire vs. Ice
35Symbolic Archetypes: Light vs. Darkness Light suggests hope, renewal, or enlightenmentDarkness implies mystery, ignorance, or despairThe battle of light and darkness will stretch beyond actual light and dark. The good (light) and bad (dark) can be seen through a story’s characters and their actions.
36Symbolic Archetypes: Water vs. Desert Water appears as a symbol of fertility and birth; it may symbolize a spiritual birth or the beginning of something. It brings about hope for new life and spirituality.A Desert typically represents a loss of life, hope, or faith. It might bring about loss of life, faith, or hope.
37Symbolic Archetypes: Heaven vs. Hell Places not easily accessible by man are regarded as the dwelling places of either the gods or demonsThe skies, clouds, or mountains house the gods. Heaven is also associated with light and nature.Canyons, caves, and the inner earth play home to the evil forces of the world. Hell is often associated with fire, demons, evil, and the unknown places of earth.
38Symbolic Archetypes: The Magic Weapon A symbol of the hero’s extraordinary qualityNo other can use it to its full potentialTraditionally given by a mentorArthur pulls the sword from the stone, not because he is stronger than others, but because of his good qualities and righteousness
39Symbolic Archetypes: Innate Wisdom vs. Educated Stupidity Some characters are more experienced and in turn have a mystic wisdomOther characters are educated, powerful, and, often times…stupidThe wise one is usually an assistant while the stupid-smarty is a leaderThough they work as a team, Alfred is wise with experience while Bruce Wayne is a college graduate who has a knack for flying by the seat of his pants despite his butler’s advice.
40Symbolic Archetypes: Haven vs. Wilderness Places of safety contrast with the unknown threatening forces of the wildernessHeroes often must return to a safe haven in order to regain health or suppliesLog Cabins serve as a haven to many who enjoy living in the heart of a wild world.The Batcave Home of The Batman.
41Symbolic Archetypes: Supernatural Intervention God or gods intervene in a given situationThe gods will often favor the hero, but occasionally they do notThis is seen throughout Greek Mythology as well as most practiced religionsIn the movie 300, the gods intervened when “Zeus hurled thunderbolts and rain storms as the enemy ships crashed against the rock.”
42Symbolic Archetypes: Fire vs. Ice Typically, fire represents knowledge, light, life, fertility and (re)birthIce will usually represent a deserted place, ignorance, sterility, and death