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Archetypes: The Emergence of the Collective Unconscious.

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Presentation on theme: "Archetypes: The Emergence of the Collective Unconscious."— Presentation transcript:

1 Archetypes: The Emergence of the Collective Unconscious

2 Archetypes  Recurring patterns of situations, characters, or symbols existing universally and instinctively among different cultures.

3 Situational Archetypes  Quest: search for someone or something which when brought back will restore health to the people or land

4 Situational Archetypes  Task: what a hero must do to save the land, win the fair lady, prove one’s rightful place

5 Situational Archetypes  The Initiation: rite of passage to signify adulthood

6 Situational Archetypes  The Journey: A hero goes in search of truth or information to save the people or land; usually he/she descends into a real or psychological hell to discover the truth

7 Situational Archetypes  The Fall: descent from a high to low state of being which involves a loss of innocence; often characters are rejected

8 Situational Archetypes  Death and Rebirth: common to show the duality of the cycle of life and death, spring and winter

9 Situational Archetypes  Nature vs. Mechanistic World: natural order or nature is good; technology separates people from nature and is bad

10 Situational Archetypes  Battle between Good and Evil: future of the world at stake as the two opposing forces battle

11 Situational Archetypes  Unhealable Wound: either real or psychological that cannot fully heal.

12 Situational Archetype  The Ritual: ceremonies that mark rite of passage (e.g. princess becomes a queen)

13 Situational Archetypes  The Magic Weapon: symbolizes extraordinary quality of the hero, no one else can wield the weapon

14 Symbolic Archetypes  Light vs. Darkness: light usually means hope or renewal, while darkness is ignorance and despair

15 Symbolic Archetypes  Water vs. Desert: water is birth or cleansing, while desert is a place of exile

16 Symbolic Archetypes  Heaven vs. Hell: skies and mountains belong to the gods; the bowels and pits of the world hide evil

17 Symbolic Archetypes  Innate Wisdom vs. Educated Stupidity: instinctive intelligence vs. book learned ignorance; book smarts vs. street smarts

18 Symbolic Archetypes  Haven vs. Wilderness: places of safety vs. dangerous wild places

19 Symbolic Archetypes  Supernatural Intervention: gods intervene to help the hero

20 Symbolic Archetypes  Fire vs. Ice: fire is light, rebirth, knowledge; ice is darkness, ignorance, death

21 Character Archetypes  Hero/Heroine: some of the following must be present in the life of a hero:  Mother is virginal  An attempt is made to kill mother or child  Raised by foster parents  (Male) proves himself, becomes king. (Female) has special powers, becomes warrior or spiritual leader  Falls from favor with gods  Becomes outcast  Upon death, body not buried

22 Character Archetypes  Young one from provinces: hero leaves kingdom and raised by strangers, later returns and saves kingdom

23 Character Archetypes  The Herald: calls hero to action, can be a person, event, or object

24 Character Archetypes  The Initiate(s): hero goes through training

25 Character Archetypes  Mentor/pupil relationship: teachers to the student (hero); teaches hero how to survive the quest/task

26 Character Archetypes  Parent/Child Conflict: usually results from early separation of hero from parent; greater attachment to mentor

27 Character Archetypes  Hunting group of companions: band of loyal friends willing to battle together to achieve a common goal

28 Character Archetypes  Loyal Retainers: side-kicks to the hero/heroine; duty is to protect the hero

29 Character Archetypes  Friendly Beast: animals that aid hero and symbolize how nature is on the hero’s side

30 Character Archetypes  The Devil Figure: character is evil incarnate; offers worldly goods for the hero’s soul

31 Character Archetypes  Evil Figure with Ultimately Good Heart: saved by love of the hero

32 Character Archetypes  The Outcast: figure banished from society for a crime (real or imagined); wanders from place to place

33 Character Archetypes  Creature of Nightmare: horrible monster that threatens the life of the hero and is a perversion of the human body

34 Character Archetypes  Earth Mother: spiritual & emotional health  The Temptress: brings downfall of hero  The Platonic Ideal: inspires, smart but no sex appeal  The Damsel in Distress: vulnerable, needs to be saved, trapped by devil figure  The Star Crossed Lovers: love affair fated to end tragically

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