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Split Greek Orthodox Roman Catholic Lutheran (1530) Church of England/ Episcopalian 1531- 1609 Presbyterian (1536) Baptist (1611)

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Presentation on theme: "Split Greek Orthodox Roman Catholic Lutheran (1530) Church of England/ Episcopalian 1531- 1609 Presbyterian (1536) Baptist (1611)"— Presentation transcript:

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3 Split Greek Orthodox Roman Catholic Lutheran (1530) Church of England/ Episcopalian Presbyterian (1536) Baptist (1611)

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6 The Points of Calvinism: T.U.L.I.P. T- Total Hereditary Depravity U – Unconditional Election L – Limited Atonement I – Irresistible Grace P – Perseverance of the Saints

7 Total Hereditary Depravity Defined When Calvinists speak of a man being totally depraved, they mean that mans nature is corrupt, perverse and sinful throughout. The adjective total does not mean does not mean that each sinner is as totally or completely corrupt in his actions and thought as it is possible for him to be. Instead, the word total is used to indicate that the WHOLE of mans being has been affected by sin. The corruption extends to EVERY PART of man, his body and soul; sin has affected all (the totality) of mans faculties – his mind, his will, etc. – The Five Points of Calvinism, by Steel & Thomas, Presbyterian and Reformed Publishing Co. pg. 25 When Calvinists speak of a man being totally depraved, they mean that mans nature is corrupt, perverse and sinful throughout. The adjective total does not mean does not mean that each sinner is as totally or completely corrupt in his actions and thought as it is possible for him to be. Instead, the word total is used to indicate that the WHOLE of mans being has been affected by sin. The corruption extends to EVERY PART of man, his body and soul; sin has affected all (the totality) of mans faculties – his mind, his will, etc. – The Five Points of Calvinism, by Steel & Thomas, Presbyterian and Reformed Publishing Co. pg. 25

8 Total Hereditary Depravity Defined Mans depravity, as a result of the fall, is total. He does not possess free will because he is bound to Satan who takes man captive at his will. All men are born into this world spiritually dead in trespasses and sins so that their dead human spirits are irresistibly drawn to the god of the dead. Man is depraved in the sense that he is dead, blind, deaf, unteachable in the things of God and ruled by Satan through his perverse heart and corrupt soul. – TULIP, The Five Points of Calvinism in the Light of Scripture by Duane Edward Spencer, pg. 67 Mans depravity, as a result of the fall, is total. He does not possess free will because he is bound to Satan who takes man captive at his will. All men are born into this world spiritually dead in trespasses and sins so that their dead human spirits are irresistibly drawn to the god of the dead. Man is depraved in the sense that he is dead, blind, deaf, unteachable in the things of God and ruled by Satan through his perverse heart and corrupt soul. – TULIP, The Five Points of Calvinism in the Light of Scripture by Duane Edward Spencer, pg. 67

9 Total Hereditary Depravity Defined Man did not come from the hands of his Creator In this depraved, corrupt condition. God made Adam upright; there was no evil whatsoever in his nature. Originally, Adams will was free from the dominion of sin; he was under no natural compulsion to do evil, but through his fall he brought spiritual death upon himself and all his posterity. He thereby plunged himself and the entire race into spiritual ruin and lost for himself and his descendants the ability to make right choices in a spiritual realm. His descendants are still free to choose – every man makes choices throughout his life –but inasmuch as Adams offspring are born with sinful natures, they do not have the ABILITY to choose spiritual good over evil. Consequently, mans will is no longer free (i.e. free from the dominion of sin) as Adams will was free before the fall. Instead, mens will, as the result of inherited depravity, is in bondage to his sinful nature. – The Five Points of Calvinism, by Steel & Thomas, Presbyterian and Reformed Publishing Co. pg. 25 Man did not come from the hands of his Creator In this depraved, corrupt condition. God made Adam upright; there was no evil whatsoever in his nature. Originally, Adams will was free from the dominion of sin; he was under no natural compulsion to do evil, but through his fall he brought spiritual death upon himself and all his posterity. He thereby plunged himself and the entire race into spiritual ruin and lost for himself and his descendants the ability to make right choices in a spiritual realm. His descendants are still free to choose – every man makes choices throughout his life –but inasmuch as Adams offspring are born with sinful natures, they do not have the ABILITY to choose spiritual good over evil. Consequently, mans will is no longer free (i.e. free from the dominion of sin) as Adams will was free before the fall. Instead, mens will, as the result of inherited depravity, is in bondage to his sinful nature. – The Five Points of Calvinism, by Steel & Thomas, Presbyterian and Reformed Publishing Co. pg. 25

10 If we are not sinless at birth… 1.He was born in the flesh (Gal. 4:4) the same as allmankind (Heb. 2:14). 1.He was born in the flesh (Gal. 4:4) the same as all mankind (Heb. 2:14). 2. …in all things He had to be made like Hisbrethren… (Heb. 2:17) 2. …in all things He had to be made like His brethren… (Heb. 2:17) 3.He was made …in the likeness of men… (Phil. 2:7) 4.If total hereditary depravity were true, how could it besaid that Christ was sinless (2 Cor. 5:21; Heb. 4:15; 1Pet. 2:22)? 4.If total hereditary depravity were true, how could it be said that Christ was sinless (2 Cor. 5:21; Heb. 4:15; 1 Pet. 2:22)? 5.If Christ is not a sinless sacrifice, then there can be noforgiveness of our sins! 5.If Christ is not a sinless sacrifice, then there can be no forgiveness of our sins!

11 If we are not sinless at birth… 1.He was born in the flesh (Gal. 4:4) the same as allmankind (Heb. 2:14). 1.He was born in the flesh (Gal. 4:4) the same as all mankind (Heb. 2:14). 2. …in all things He had to be made like Hisbrethren… (Heb. 2:17) 2. …in all things He had to be made like His brethren… (Heb. 2:17) 3.He was made …in the likeness of men… (Phil. 2:7) 4.If total hereditary depravity were true, how could it besaid that Christ was sinless (2 Cor. 5:21; Heb. 4:15; 1Pet. 2:22)? 4.If total hereditary depravity were true, how could it be said that Christ was sinless (2 Cor. 5:21; Heb. 4:15; 1 Pet. 2:22)? 5.If Christ is not a sinless sacrifice, then there can be noforgiveness of our sins! 5.If Christ is not a sinless sacrifice, then there can be no forgiveness of our sins!

12 If we inherit sins because we are Adams posterity, then why dont the children of Christians inherit a sinless nature? Christians are cleansed of their sins after their conversionduring baptism: Christians are cleansed of their sins after their conversion during baptism: Ananias commanded Paul to …be baptized, and wash away yoursins… (Ac. 22:16) Ananias commanded Paul to …be baptized, and wash away your sins… (Ac. 22:16) …the blood of Jesus Christ His Son cleanses us from all sin. (1 Jn.1:7) …the blood of Jesus Christ His Son cleanses us from all sin. (1 Jn. 1:7) So a Christian is one who has been cleansed from all sin.

13 If we inherit sins because we are Adams posterity, then why dont the children of Christians inherit a sinless nature? If a person, prior to being a Christian, passes the depravednature onto their children because they themselves aredepraved, what about Christians who are cleansed from ALLSIN? Wouldnt their children inherit a sinless nature? If notwhere do they inherit the sinful nature from? If a person, prior to being a Christian, passes the depraved nature onto their children because they themselves are depraved, what about Christians who are cleansed from ALL SIN? Wouldnt their children inherit a sinless nature? If not where do they inherit the sinful nature from?

14 Children Are Born Without Sin (Ezekiel 18:20) "The soul who sins shall die. The son shall not bear the guilt of the father, nor the father bear the guilt of the son. The righteousness of the righteous shall be upon himself, and the wickedness of the wicked shall be upon himself. (NKJV) (Ezekiel 18:20) "The soul who sins shall die. The son shall not bear the guilt of the father, nor the father bear the guilt of the son. The righteousness of the righteous shall be upon himself, and the wickedness of the wicked shall be upon himself. (NKJV)

15 Children Are Born Without Sin (2 Sam. 12:23) …I shall go to him, but he shall not return to me." (2 Sam. 12:23) …I shall go to him, but he shall not return to me."

16 Children Are Born Without Sin (Matthew 18:3) and said, "Assuredly, I say to you, unless you are converted and become as little children, you will by no means enter the kingdom of heaven. (NKJV) (Matthew 18:3) and said, "Assuredly, I say to you, unless you are converted and become as little children, you will by no means enter the kingdom of heaven. (NKJV)

17 Children Are Born Without Sin (Matthew 19:14) But Jesus said, "Let the little children come to Me, and do not forbid them; for of such is the kingdom of heaven." (NKJV) (Matthew 19:14) But Jesus said, "Let the little children come to Me, and do not forbid them; for of such is the kingdom of heaven." (NKJV)

18 Each Person is Accountable For Their Own Actions (Isaiah 7:16) "For before the Child shall know to refuse the evil and choose the good, the land that you dread will be forsaken by both her kings. (NKJV) (Isaiah 7:16) "For before the Child shall know to refuse the evil and choose the good, the land that you dread will be forsaken by both her kings. (NKJV)

19 Each Person is Accountable For Their Own Actions (Revelation 20:13) The sea gave up the dead who were in it, and Death and Hades delivered up the dead who were in them. And they were judged, each one according to his works. (NKJV) (Revelation 20:13) The sea gave up the dead who were in it, and Death and Hades delivered up the dead who were in them. And they were judged, each one according to his works. (NKJV)

20 Each Person is Accountable For Their Own Actions (2 Corinthians 5:10) For we must all appear before the judgment seat of Christ, that each one may receive the things done in the body, according to what he has done, whether good or bad. (NKJV) (2 Corinthians 5:10) For we must all appear before the judgment seat of Christ, that each one may receive the things done in the body, according to what he has done, whether good or bad. (NKJV)

21 Each Person is Accountable For Their Own Actions (Romans 14:12) So then each of us shall give account of himself to God. (NKJV) (Romans 14:12) So then each of us shall give account of himself to God. (NKJV)

22 Each Person is Accountable For Their Own Actions (Galatians 6:5) For each one shall bear his own load. (NKJV) (Galatians 6:5) For each one shall bear his own load. (NKJV)

23 Each Person is Accountable For Their Own Actions (John 15:22-24) "If I had not come and spoken to them, they would have no sin, but now they have no excuse for their sin. "He who hates Me hates My Father also. "If I had not done among them the works which no one else did, they would have no sin; but now they have seen and also hated both Me and My Father. (NKJV) (John 15:22-24) "If I had not come and spoken to them, they would have no sin, but now they have no excuse for their sin. "He who hates Me hates My Father also. "If I had not done among them the works which no one else did, they would have no sin; but now they have seen and also hated both Me and My Father. (NKJV)

24 Each Person is Accountable For Their Own Actions (Matthew 23:37) "O Jerusalem, Jerusalem, the one who kills the prophets and stones those who are sent to her! How often I wanted to gather your children together, as a hen gathers her chicks under her wings, but you were not willing! (NKJV) (Matthew 23:37) "O Jerusalem, Jerusalem, the one who kills the prophets and stones those who are sent to her! How often I wanted to gather your children together, as a hen gathers her chicks under her wings, but you were not willing! (NKJV)


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