2 Every day we make invisible connections with farmers all around the world who produce the things we buy and use. These people are just like us – they need to eat, send their children to school and pay for healthcare. But at the moment, the price we pay for their products often doesn’t enable them to do this. Fair trade provides that support.If you see a product in the supermarket with the FAIRTRADE MARK, you know that:the farmers who grew it were paid a fair pricehad good working conditions.There are now over 100 different types of fair-traded food products on sale in the UK, including chocolate, tea, coffee, honey, nuts, bananas, sugar, mangoes, pineapples and fruit juice.Design and make a muffin or biscuit, suitable for a coffee shop/Café that uses at least one fair-traded ingredient and relates to meeting the special dietary needs of consumers.In this unit you will:gain knowledge and understanding of the design and make processunderstand who you are designing for by creating a customer profiledesign and label a range of productswrite a design specificationproduce a step-by-step plan for making your productmake a quality product.Understand keywordsIngredients, Recipe, Analysing, Specification, Quality, Production, Hygiene, Vitamin, Fibre, Coeliac Disease, Gluten free, Lactose Intolerant, Batch production,
4 Research: What does the fair Trade Logo Represent? *Advantages of USING Fair Trade ingredient for a Café Business*Disadvantages of USING Fair Trade ingredient for a Café Business*Evaluation:
5 Who is your product going to be designed for? Vegetarians:Ingredients to avoid:Ingredients to include:Coeliac disease:Health conscious: Low fat/probiotics/Functional foodslow sugarlow saltHigh (NSP)fibreDiabeticGo out and do a survey. Ask some possible customers what flavours, they would like/ dietary needs etc. Add their comments into the speech bubbles below:Analysis: My Target Group will be: __________________ because:______________________________________________Ingredients to include:_______________________________________ Ingredients to avoid:__________________________
6 Ingredients Image Board Research Research and List as many fair trade/organic/healthy Ingredients that would be suitable for a fair trade muffin/biscuit/traybakeUsing words and pictures create a ‘mood board’ within the 2nd cog to illustrate the theme of fair trade ingredients.IngredientsImage Board
7 Choose an fair trade/Healthy Option/dietary - Café or Shop bought food product and answer the following questions by filling in the boxes.1. What type of food product is it, what ingredients does it contain and where does it come from?4. Draw your product. How much does it weigh? What does it taste like?5. Separate the food product into its component parts. Taste each ‘component’ and write down words to describe the different tastes.2. What type of person do you think would buy and eat this product?3. Has it been processed? How? What equipment was needed to make it?
8 Choose a Café product that hasn’t been fair traded/healthy option/dietary, but is similar to the product you have already looked at. Fill in the boxes below for this second product.1. What type of food product is it, what ingredients does it contain and where does it come from?4. Draw your product. How much does it weigh? What does it taste like?5. Separate the food product into its component parts. Taste each ‘component’ and write down words to describe the different tastes.2. What type of person do you think would buy and eat this product?3. Has it been processed? How? What equipment was needed to make it?
9 _____________________________________________________________________ I want my new dietary, fair-trade product to:_____________________________________________________________________
10 Muffins 300g plain flour 1 dessertspoon baking powder 115g caster sugar 1 egg 250ml semi-skimmed milk 4 tablespoons sunflower oil 1. Pre-heat the oven to 200C Gas mark Put the flour, baking powder and sugar into a mixing bowl. 3. Break the egg into a cup and mix with a fork. Pour the egg, milk and oil into the mixing bowl. 4. Lightly beat the ingredients together with a wooden spoon, I often use a large fork. Don’t beat too much or the muffins will become tough when cooked. 5. Add the flavourings you have chosen. 6. Put the paper cases on a baking tray.Using a tablespoon, divide the mixture between the cases. 7. Put the muffins into the pre-heated oven and bake for mins until they are golden brown and risen. Remove from oven and place on a cooling rack. If you want to be really chocolaty, remove 1 tablespoon of the flour and replace with 1 tablespoon of cocoa, add 150g chocolate chips. Or use a mashed banana with choc chips. Grated apple and cinnamon makes a gorgeous flavour, as does grated carrot and grated orange peel, use the juice instead of some of the milk. Add 2 teasps of very strong coffee and 75g chopped walnuts. Lemon drizzle, add grated zest of 2 lemons to mixture, bake, mix juice with 2 tablespoons granulated sugar and drizzle over the top of the muffins as they come out of the oven.Recipesmuffin recipe 300g SR flour 70g margarine - melted or rubbed in 150g caster sugar 200ml milk 1 egg flavourings/fruit/cocoa/choc chips etc - makes 9 big muffins 160C 20 minutes dry ingredients in a bowl and stir in wet ingredients and flavourings do not over mix. Chocolate chip cookies 75g marg/butter g brown sugar 1 egg few drops of vanilla essence 150g SR flour g choc chips or chocolate chopped up: Makes 9 good size or 16 small: -Creaming method. May need to be flattened with back of spoon before baking minutes 160CSultana Muffins: 225ml milk, 1 medium egg, 25g margarine, 115g self raising flour,25g castor sugar 50g sultanasCake bar: The Creaming Method:100 g sugar g margarine 2 eggs g self raising flourUpto 2 of the following ingredients can be added-approx 50 g):Almonds, Apple, Apricots, Banana, Cherries, Coconut. Dates, Peanuts, Pineapple, Raisins, Sultanas,Walnuts- Blueberries,Basic Cookie Recipe: 100g plain flour 50g margarine g castor sugar egg g baking powdeR:- RUBBING IN OR CREAMING METHODNutritional Profile(per batch): Energy 3566 kJ, Protein 12.9 g, Carbohydrate g,Fat 45g Of which are saturated 13.5 g Fibre 3.1 mg Calcium mg Iron 2.7 mg
11 Melting method: Creaming method: Rubbing method: Chosen method: How can you combine your ingredients to make your product? Write, draw and stick examples here to show the different processing and cooking methods you could use.Melting method:Sieve any flour, add crushed cornflakes and oatsHeat a metal spoon and use this to add syrup to a saucepanMelt the fat and sugar with the syrup on a medium heat. Do not boil the mixturePrepare any additional ingredients and add to the mixing bowlPour the melted ingredients into the bowl and mix everything together wellSpread the mixture into a prepared tin and press down firmlyCreaming method:Cream margarine and sugar together with a wooden spoonPut the egg in a small basin and add to the creamed mixture gradually to avoid curdlingStir in any extra ingredientsFold in the sieved flour using a metal spoonPour the mixture into a prepared tinRubbing method:Sieve flour into a mixing bowlRub margarine and flour togetherStir in the sugar when the fat is rubbed inAdd liquid a little at a time until smooth dough is formedUse a rolling pin to roll out the doughTransfer the dough to a cake tin and press to the edgesChosen method:
12 Using your research, specification and customer profile, draw 2 different design ideas for products made using at least one fair-traded ingredient. Remember to consider the sustainability of your product. Label your drawings and explain any changes that you decide to make to your design. You can start your ideas on this page and continue on the following page(s)Design 1:Design 2:Label your designs in detail: ESPECIALLY: Sizes, Dietary ingredients, measurements, development, nutrition content, dietary claims, FINISHING TECHNIQUES! Product. methodRemember to evaluate your work as it develops. Ask yourself; 1. Which Suits your customers dietary needs?2. Which is your favourite design and why?3. How could you improve it?4. List at least three pieces of equipment you would use to make it.5. What other features can you comment on?“Over one billion people – most of them farmers and farm workers – live on (about 70p) or less a day.”
13 Methods of Sensory Testing Sensory Testing in ManufactureSensory analysis is used at several stages during product developmentCompanies can compare a competitor’s productImprove products by modifying or changing the ingredientsCheck that the specification is being metMonitor quality control by checking regular samples against specificationDetect differences between products from different runs or batchesProfile the characteristics of new productsDescribe specific characteristicsDemonstrate new products to marketing teamPromote new or reformulated products to consumersSensory analysis is carried out in controlled conditionsSensory analysis is used in industry and discovers details on:Flavour and tasteTextureAppearance – Colour, shape, sizeSmell/AromaSoundsMethods of Sensory TestingTriangle testDiscrimination Tests– Aim to evaluate specificattributes ie CrunchinessTwo of the samples are the same. One is different. Tick the odd one out.SamplesTick the odd one out259372864Preference Tests– These supply information about people’s likes/dislikes of a product.Pair comparison/preference test– a test which compares a pair of similar products looking at specific characteristicsRanking test A variety of strawberry yoghurts.Please taste the samples and put them in the order you like the bestSample codeOrderCommentsProduct Profile – Allows food products to be evaluated using a range of attributesEvaluate differences in similar productsGauge consumer responseAnalyse specific attributesCheck a product meets its specificationCompare similarities in a range of productsShow opportunities for product developmentScoring tests– Samples are scored on a scale between like and dislikeHedonic tests– Test sample and grade 1=Dislike very much, 5=Like very much. Samples analysed for lowest/highest score.Ranking – Decide on attribute to be ranked eg Crunchiness, allow people to evaluate samples and place them in rank orderRatingScore Tick123Sample Sample Sample
14 Final Design: Manufacturing Specifications Look at your specifications and your design ideas to select the most appropriate design. Draw your final design here.Ingredients: Be Specific e.g Fair Trade product/ Low fat. Sugar substitute etc.Sizes:Tolerances:Colour Tolerances:Storage:
15 Draw and write a step-by-step plan for making your product. Control ChecksFill in the chart below to show what equipment you are going to use to make your product. How do you plan to use each piece of equipment?
16 How could you have improved your work on this project How could you have improved your work on this project? Try to think about the way you worked, rather than about your final product.Design workIdentify two faults with your design work and suggest improvements you could make.1) Fault:Improvement:2) Fault:Practical workIdentify two faults with your practical work and suggest improvements you could make.1) Fault:Improvement:2) Fault:Personal evaluationOverall, how do you think you tackled this project? What were your strengths and weaknesses? What did you enjoy most? What did you find easy? What was difficult? Try to be as detailed as possible.
17 Now it is time to judge the quality of your final product using your design specification. In the table below, fill in what you said you wanted your product to do (your specification) and then say how well your final product does each of these things.I wanted my product to:How well does it do this?My targets for the next project are:AssessmentEffort level:Designing and making level: