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1 Audio Video Production History of American Broadcasting Copyright © Texas Education Agency, 2012. All rights reserved. Images and other multimedia content.

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Presentation on theme: "1 Audio Video Production History of American Broadcasting Copyright © Texas Education Agency, 2012. All rights reserved. Images and other multimedia content."— Presentation transcript:

1 1 Audio Video Production History of American Broadcasting Copyright © Texas Education Agency, All rights reserved. Images and other multimedia content used with permission.

2 Broadcasting: A Young Media Copyright © Texas Education Agency, All rights reserved. Images and other multimedia content used with permission. 2 Newspapers in USA 1700s Telegraph Telephone Television in homes First commercially licensed radio station In Pittsburgh PA

3 Television Development 3Copyright © Texas Education Agency, All rights reserved. Images and other multimedia content used with permission. 1920s Many companies experimenting with and developing TV Philo T. Farnsworth (American) experimented with electronic TV stream of electrons Vladimir Zworykin develop/refines iconoscope tube.

4 Television Development 4Copyright © Texas Education Agency, All rights reserved. Images and other multimedia content used with permission st TV Drama broadcast 1931 Regularly scheduled TV begins 1935 Electronic TV is demonstrated to the press

5 Television Development 5Copyright © Texas Education Agency, All rights reserved. Images and other multimedia content used with permission Germany: televises Olympics. Britain: few hours of regular programming a day. The TV is presented at the New York Worlds Fair.

6 Television Development 6Copyright © Texas Education Agency, All rights reserved. Images and other multimedia content used with permission hours of programming each week FCC authorizes TV broadcast applications for TV stations

7 Color Television 7Copyright © Texas Education Agency, All rights reserved. Images and other multimedia content used with permission. Experimentation with color during WWII Non-compatible mechanical color system is presented FCC refuses color request TV stations on air, 124 authorized. FCC establishes a four year freeze on new TV licenses. 1948

8 Color Television 8Copyright © Texas Education Agency, All rights reserved. Images and other multimedia content used with permission. Korean War slows color TV progress. FCC announces mechanical color system. Negative response from stations and the public National Television System Committee (NTSC) explores color. 1951

9 Cable Television 9Copyright © Texas Education Agency, All rights reserved. Images and other multimedia content used with permission Community Antenna Television 1952 Coaxial cable is installed in large cities, reducing ghosting.

10 Color Television 10 Copyright © Texas Education Agency, All rights reserved. Images and other multimedia content used with permission FCC lifts TV freezeFCC approves UHF Old TVs dont get UHF Ruling: all new TVs must have both VHF and UHF 1953 FCC approves NTSC compatible electronic color system Korean War ends

11 Video Recorders 11Copyright © Texas Education Agency, All rights reserved. Images and other multimedia content used with permission Videotaping is demonstrated 1963 A home VTR costs $995

12 Television 12Copyright © Texas Education Agency, All rights reserved. Images and other multimedia content used with permission. 1950s Live dramatic series Rampant growth in TV, from 108 in 52… 1960s Large variety of TV programs …to 522 stations. 90% of homes have TVs.

13 Television 13Copyright © Texas Education Agency, All rights reserved. Images and other multimedia content used with permission. All 3 networks have color Public Broadcasting Act of 1967authorizes the Corporation for Public Broadcasting. 1967

14 Television 14Copyright © Texas Education Agency, All rights reserved. Images and other multimedia content used with permission % of homes have VCRs. Camcorder is sold to consumers 1984 Stereo AM & TV. FCC begins deregulation.

15 Cable Television 15Copyright © Texas Education Agency, All rights reserved. Images and other multimedia content used with permission. FCC ends ban on cable TV in large cities. Beginning of Pay TV for cable Two-way cable in Columbus, Ohio. 1977

16 Cable Television 16Copyright © Texas Education Agency, All rights reserved. Images and other multimedia content used with permission Cable news stations begin 1981 Music videos on cable % of homes with TV have cable 1998 Digital compression used in cable 2004 More than 30% (around 22.9 million) of U.S. cable receive digital cable service

17 Digital Television 17Copyright © Texas Education Agency, All rights reserved. Images and other multimedia content used with permission. DVD introduced. FCC rules: all U.S. SDTV stations must be DTV by 2006, now Stations begin broadcasting Digital TV and wide screen HDTV More than 1000 US TV stations broadcast digital signal. 3 million HDTV sets in homes. All manufactured sets 36 and larger must have a digital tuner. 2004

18 Digital Television 18Copyright © Texas Education Agency, All rights reserved. Images and other multimedia content used with permission U.S. digital TV stations on the air. Consumers buy HDTV sets in significant numbers Broadcast TV in U.S. goes all digital. Most analog TV transmitters shut down D TV sets go on sale in U.S.

19 What about the future? Copyright © Texas Education Agency, All rights reserved. Images and other multimedia content used with permission. 19


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