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Clean Air Act New Source Review (NSR) and Prevention of Significant Deterioration (PSD) Construction Permits Clean Air Program Manager USAG Environmental.

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Presentation on theme: "Clean Air Act New Source Review (NSR) and Prevention of Significant Deterioration (PSD) Construction Permits Clean Air Program Manager USAG Environmental."— Presentation transcript:

1 Clean Air Act New Source Review (NSR) and Prevention of Significant Deterioration (PSD) Construction Permits Clean Air Program Manager USAG Environmental Management

2 1 May 03Environmental Quality Control Committee2 NAAQS SO 2 NOx PM CO Lead Byproducts of combustion of fossil fuels C x H y + O 2 + N 2 CO 2 + H 2 O + N 2 Fuels, coal contain sulfur (S), which form SO x VOCs: volatile organic compounds-- organic compounds that photochemically react N 2 combines with O 2 to form NO x Found in gasoline VOCs Ground-level Ozone

3 1 May 03Environmental Quality Control Committee3 Ozone Troposphere 0 to 7 mile radius VOCs NOx Too much ozone causes smog and lung damage.

4 1 May 03Environmental Quality Control Committee4 Severe Ozone Non-attainment Area

5 1 May 03Environmental Quality Control Committee5 Ozone NAA Top Ozone Sources #1 Power Plants 180 tons/day NOx #2 Automobiles 90 tons/day NOx 120 tons/day VOCs #3 Diesel Trucks 55 tons/day NOx

6 1 May 03Environmental Quality Control Committee6 Fort Detricks Primary Ozone Sources Building 190 boiler plant Building 393 incinerator plant

7 1 May 03Environmental Quality Control Committee7 NAAQS at Detrick NAAQS NOx SO 2 CO PM Lead Ozone Non-attainment At Detrick X (sort of) X NSR evaluation Attainment At Detrick X PSD evaluation Leads to regulation of NOx and VOCs

8 1 May 03Environmental Quality Control Committee8 What is a Major Source? Major: defined by many categories of large combustion equipment Source: facility and/or equipment that emits NOx, SO 2, CO, VOCs, lead, or PM At Detrick, mostly boilers, large generators, incinerators, gasoline dispensing, autoclaves, and sterilizers

9 1 May 03Environmental Quality Control Committee9 NSR and PSD Defined Required for new major sources and for major modifications of major sources that cause increases in non-attainment pollutants (at Detrick, NOx and VOCs) of certain thresholds over the previous 5-year period Required for new major sources and for major modifications of major sources that cause increases in attainment pollutants (at Detrick, NOx, SO 2, PM, CO, etc.) of certain thresholds over the previous 5-year period New Source Review Prevention of Significant Deterioration

10 1 May 03Environmental Quality Control Committee10 Sequence of Events - New construction or installation is proposed - USAG determines its a major source - NSR evaluation is completed - PSD evaluation is completed and threshold is surpassed and threshold is surpassed - Permit application - Permit application - Emission controls -Emission controls - Permit is issued - Installation may begin

11 1 May 03Environmental Quality Control Committee11 Example New facility is proposed; will use 393 boilers for heat/steam USAG determines its a major source & that it may trigger NSR/PSD USAG prepares & submits NSR/PSD evaluations and permits MDE reviews and approves evaluations and permits MDE issues permits Installation begins

12 1 May 03Environmental Quality Control Committee12 Issues to Consider Time line potentially 2.5 yearsnotify USAG ASAP Expenses potentially in the millions with short notice Construction most likely to require NSR/PSD permits: new boilers > 1 MMBtu/hr, connecting to 393 boiler plant Includes major modifications Permits must be obtained before equipment is on-site Who pays for what?

13 1 May 03Environmental Quality Control Committee13 Clean Air Act NSR/PSD Construction Permits Contact Information: Air Program Manager USAG Environmental Management Phone Fax


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