Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

The Steam Engine Pre-Steam Pre-Steam Boilers Boilers Atmospheric Engine Atmospheric Engine Condensing Engine Condensing Engine Double-Acting Engine Double-Acting.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "The Steam Engine Pre-Steam Pre-Steam Boilers Boilers Atmospheric Engine Atmospheric Engine Condensing Engine Condensing Engine Double-Acting Engine Double-Acting."— Presentation transcript:

1 The Steam Engine Pre-Steam Pre-Steam Boilers Boilers Atmospheric Engine Atmospheric Engine Condensing Engine Condensing Engine Double-Acting Engine Double-Acting Engine

2 Pre-Steam Hero of Alexandria Hero of Alexandria 1st Century AD 1st Century AD Described Boiler and Reaction Turbine Described Boiler and Reaction Turbine No Suggestion for Useful Application of Device No Suggestion for Useful Application of Device 16th Century - Descriptive Publications 16th Century - Descriptive Publications 17th Century - Beginning of Steams Practical Usage 17th Century - Beginning of Steams Practical Usage

3 Heros Engine

4 Boilers - Types Shell (1720s) Shell (1720s) Kettle on Stove Kettle on Stove Inefficient - Loss of Heat Inefficient - Loss of Heat Heat Tube (1750s) Heat Tube (1750s) Tredgold - London Tredgold - London Fire Tube (1750s) Fire Tube (1750s) Limited in Capacity and Pressure Limited in Capacity and Pressure Susceptible to Explosions Susceptible to Explosions Smeaton Smeaton Trevithick (1804) - 65 psi, 25 inch bore, 10 ft stroke Trevithick (1804) - 65 psi, 25 inch bore, 10 ft stroke

5 Boilers - Types (continued) Water Tube (1770s) Water Tube (1770s) Blakey (1766) - First Built Blakey (1766) - First Built Rumsey (1788) - First Successful Rumsey (1788) - First Successful John Stevens - Lawyer (1800s) John Stevens - Lawyer (1800s) First Patents in 1790 Improved Water Tube (1850s) Improved Water Tube (1850s) Wilcox (1856) Wilcox (1856) Multiple Inclined Water Tubes Better Water Circulation More Heating Surface Babcock & Wilcox (1866) Babcock & Wilcox (1866)

6 Boilers - Construction Materials Materials Copper Copper Cast Iron Cast Iron Rolled Iron Plates - 5/16 (1795) Rolled Iron Plates - 5/16 (1795) Steel Steel Fabrication Fabrication Bolts & Rivets Bolts & Rivets Welding Welding

7 Boilers - Explosions Poor Materials Poor Materials High Pressure High Pressure Pressure Release Pressure Release Theoretical Considerations Theoretical Considerations Fabrication Techniques - Rivets Fabrication Techniques - Rivets High Heat Input High Heat Input Poor Distribution of Heat Poor Distribution of Heat Direct Heating Direct Heating Poor Circulation Poor Circulation

8 Haycocks Shell Boiler (1720)

9 Tredgolds Heat Tube (1750)

10 Blakeys Water Tube Boiler (1766)

11 Smeatons Fire Tube Boiler (1770)

12 Wagon - Shell Boiler (1769)

13 Stevens Water Tube Boiler (1803)

14 Trevithicks Fire Tube Boiler (1804)

15 Stevens - Water Tube Boiler (1805)

16 Stephen Wilcox (1856)

17 Babcock & Wilcox (1867)

18 Babcock & Wilcox (1887)


Download ppt "The Steam Engine Pre-Steam Pre-Steam Boilers Boilers Atmospheric Engine Atmospheric Engine Condensing Engine Condensing Engine Double-Acting Engine Double-Acting."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google