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PAVAN R. SOMANI B.Com, ACA, & Grad. CWA Hingoli 1 PAVAN SOMANI B.Com, ACA, & Grad. CWA HINGOLI.

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Presentation on theme: "PAVAN R. SOMANI B.Com, ACA, & Grad. CWA Hingoli 1 PAVAN SOMANI B.Com, ACA, & Grad. CWA HINGOLI."— Presentation transcript:

1 PAVAN R. SOMANI B.Com, ACA, & Grad. CWA Hingoli 1 PAVAN SOMANI B.Com, ACA, & Grad. CWA HINGOLI

2 TP means the value or price at which transactions take place amongst related parties. TP are the prices at which an enterprise transfers physical goods and intangible property and provides services to associated enterprises TP gain significance because these can be used by the controlling party to their advantage to minimize tax incidence. Approximately 60% of the total transactions across the world are between related parties. If the transactions are across different tax jurisdictions, where tax rates are different, shifting is beneficial. 2 PAVAN SOMANI B.Com, ACA, & Grad. CWA HINGOLI

3 Internal factors: Performance Measurement and Evaluation External Factors: Accounting Standard Income Tax Custom Duty Currency Fluctuations 3 PAVAN SOMANI B.Com, ACA, & Grad. CWA HINGOLI

4 Finance Act 2001 substituted the old section of 92 of the ITA by sections 92,92A to 92 F. These sections are the backbone of Indian Transfer Pricing Regulation. These sections define the meaning of related parties, international transactions, pricing methodologies etc. 4 PAVAN SOMANI B.Com, ACA, & Grad. CWA HINGOLI

5 Income/Expenses/Cost arising from an international transaction shall be computed having regard to arms length price (ALP). ALP provisions can be applied if it leads to decrease in taxable income or increase in losses. 5 PAVAN SOMANI B.Com, ACA, & Grad. CWA HINGOLI

6 Direct or Indirect Control/Control through intermediary Holding 26% of voting power Advance of not less than 51% of the total assets of borrowing company. Guarantees not less than 10% on behalf of borrower Appointment of more than 50% of the BoD Dependence for 90% or more of the total raw material or other consumables 6 PAVAN SOMANI B.Com, ACA, & Grad. CWA HINGOLI

7 Price which two independent firms would agree on. Price which is generally charged in a transaction between persons other than associated enterprises. 7 PAVAN SOMANI B.Com, ACA, & Grad. CWA HINGOLI

8 Comparable uncontrolled price method Resale price method Cost plus method Transaction Net Margin Method Profit split method 8 PAVAN SOMANI B.Com, ACA, & Grad. CWA HINGOLI

9 CUP method compares the price transferred in a controlled transaction to the price charged in a comparable un-controlled transaction. CUP method is the most direct and reliable way to apply the arms length principle. 9 PAVAN SOMANI B.Com, ACA, & Grad. CWA HINGOLI

10 The resale price method begins with the price at which a product is resold to an independent enterprise (IE)by an associate enterprise. X sold to AE at Rs (profit: 300) AE sold to an IE at Rs (profit of Rs. 500 for relevant IE) Arms length price = = PAVAN SOMANI B.Com, ACA, & Grad. CWA HINGOLI

11 PSM is used when transactions are inter-related and is not possible to evaluate separately. PSM first identifies the profit to be split for the AE. The profit so determined is split between the AE on the basis of the functions performed/assets/CE 11 PAVAN SOMANI B.Com, ACA, & Grad. CWA HINGOLI

12 In CP method, first the cost incurred is determined. An appropriate cost plus mark-up is then added to the cost to arrive at an appropriate profit. The resultant figure is the arms length price. 12 PAVAN SOMANI B.Com, ACA, & Grad. CWA HINGOLI

13 The Net Profit Margin realized is computed in relation to Costs incurred or sales effected or assets utilized. The Net Profit Margin realized by an Unrelated Enterprise from a comparable Uncontrolled transaction or group of transactions is computed. From this the Net Profit Margin is comparable uncontrolled transaction is adjusted to take into account the differences, if any, between the transactions being compared, which could materially affect the amount of Net Profit Margin in the open market. 13 PAVAN SOMANI B.Com, ACA, & Grad. CWA HINGOLI

14 Manufacturing of goodsCUP, C+, Profit split Sale of goodsCUP, Resale price, Profit split, TNM Provision of servicesCUP, C+, TNM Financing (loans, deposits, guarantees) CUP, Profit split, TNM Transfer of intangibles (technology, brand, know –how) CUP, C+ 14 PAVAN SOMANI B.Com, ACA, & Grad. CWA HINGOLI

15 Purchase at little or no cost. Payment for services never rendered. Sales below MP/ Purchase above MP Interest free borrowings Exchanging property Selling of real estate at a price different from MP Use of trade names or patents at exorbitant rates even after their expiry. 15 PAVAN SOMANI B.Com, ACA, & Grad. CWA HINGOLI

16 Persons who enter into an international transaction during the previous year shall obtain report from an 'Accountant' The report should be submitted on or before September 30th of the relevant assessment year in case of company and on or before 31st July in case of other Assessee. The report should be in the format as prescribed by the Central Board of Direct Taxes. 16 PAVAN SOMANI B.Com, ACA, & Grad. CWA HINGOLI

17 17 PAVAN SOMANI B.Com, ACA, & Grad. CWA HINGOLI

18 As the TP law marches ahead, the Government is concerned about the rising TP disputes, arising due to increasing cases of adjustments to ALP. The Finance (No.2) Act, 2009, has thus put in the following amendments :- Safe Harbour rules (Section 92CB) for determining the ALP. The rules would provide the circumstance under which the income tax authorities would automatically accept the TP declared by the assessees. A Dispute Resolution Panel (DRP), (Section 144C) consisting of a collegiums of 3 commissioners of income tax for dealing with complex matters relating to TP or the tax disputes of foreign companies. 18 PAVAN SOMANI B.Com, ACA, & Grad. CWA HINGOLI

19 MARUTI SUZUKI INDIA LTD ( THE HIGH COURT OF DELHI ) Domestic entity should not make payment of running royalty to foreign entity if the lump sum fees on account of technology transfer is already paid. Foreign entity should make the payment to domestic entity on account of benefit derives from marketing intangibles. If advertisement, promotion and marketing expenses incurred by domestic entity are more than similarly situated comparable independent domestic entity, the foreign entity should compensate in respect of advantage obtained in terns of brand building. 19 PAVAN SOMANI B.Com, ACA, & Grad. CWA HINGOLI

20 MARUTI SUZUKI INDIA LTD ( THE SUPRIEM COURT) The Honble Supreme Court (Supreme Court), on 1st October 2010, in the case of Maruti Suzuki India Ltd. has directed the Transfer Pricing Officer (TPO) to complete the transfer pricing assessment proceedings without being influenced by the judgment passed by the Delhi High Court. 20 PAVAN SOMANI B.Com, ACA, & Grad. CWA HINGOLI


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