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Confidential property of Belkin International. Unlawful to copy or reproduce in any manner without the express written consent of Belkin International.

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Presentation on theme: "Confidential property of Belkin International. Unlawful to copy or reproduce in any manner without the express written consent of Belkin International."— Presentation transcript:

1 Confidential property of Belkin International. Unlawful to copy or reproduce in any manner without the express written consent of Belkin International. Networking 1 Networking | Hardware Components

2 Slide Number 2 Confidential property of Belkin International. Unlawful to copy or reproduce in any manner without the express written consent of Belkin International. Networking 2 | Networking | Hardware Components Components | What are the Hardware Components commonly found in a typical Network...? Cables Client Adapters Hubs Switches Access Points Routers Modems Modem Routers

3 Slide Number 3 Confidential property of Belkin International. Unlawful to copy or reproduce in any manner without the express written consent of Belkin International. Networking 3 | Networking | Hardware Components Ethernet Cables | These Cables are often referred to by the Standard that they adhere to i.e. Category 5 (Cat 5) or Category 6 (Cat 6). The Cables are further distinguished with regard to they way in which they are wired; Straight-Through (Patch) Crossover Due to the widespread use of Auto-Sensing LAN Ports we see very little occasions where a Crossover Cable is actually required now. Generally speaking Crossover Cables are just used when networking two PCs directly together, or when daisy-chaining Network Hubs. For all other instances Patch Cables are generally used. When we reference Cables in Networking we are generally referring to RJ45 Ethernet Networking Cables; Unshielded Twisted Pair Cables (UTP). Shielded Twisted Pair (STP)

4 Slide Number 4 Confidential property of Belkin International. Unlawful to copy or reproduce in any manner without the express written consent of Belkin International. Networking 4 | Networking | Hardware Components Patch Cable Crossover Cable

5 Slide Number 5 Confidential property of Belkin International. Unlawful to copy or reproduce in any manner without the express written consent of Belkin International. Networking 5 | Networking | Hardware Components Ethernet Cables | UTP Cables 10/100Gigabit Solid - each Conductor is a single relatively thick Copper Wire (Solid Core) Stranded - each Conductor consists of a number of thin Copper Wires Solid Cable is used for infrastructure Cabling. The cable is inflexible because of its structure and the maximum length would be 100 metres. Stranded Cables have no fixed maximum length, but are generally used for short distances. The Cables are flexible, and the maximum length largely depends on Cable Quality and Shielding. Standard Ethernet (10/100) Cables only use 4 out of the 8 Connectors, whereas Gigabit uses all 8.

6 Slide Number 6 Confidential property of Belkin International. Unlawful to copy or reproduce in any manner without the express written consent of Belkin International. Networking 6 | Networking | Hardware Components Client Adapters | There are numerous types of Network Interface Cards or Client Adapters and they are usually identified by their Type and Connection Technology; Wireless PCI Wireless CardbusWireless USBWireless ExpressCard Every Network Interface Card (NIC) has a unique MAC address pointing to its Manufacturer. Wireless Ethernet Wired EthernetWired USBWired ExpressCard

7 Slide Number 7 Confidential property of Belkin International. Unlawful to copy or reproduce in any manner without the express written consent of Belkin International. Networking 7 | Networking | Hardware Components Hub | Hubs tie the Network together. A Network can be extended by daisy-chaining one Hub to another. Hubs by default echo all traffic to all Ports, so when a Packet of data arrives at one Port, it is copied to the other Ports so that all segments of the Network can see all Packets. Switch | Switches differ from Hubs in that they track MAC Addresses on both sides of the Network and do not echo any traffic that does not need to be echoed. Broadcast messages are not filtered via Switches, and these are continued to be echoed to all Ports, but otherwise the Switch is intelligently filtering to ensure that only traffic destined for a particular MAC Address on a Particular Port, gets to that device.

8 Slide Number 8 Confidential property of Belkin International. Unlawful to copy or reproduce in any manner without the express written consent of Belkin International. Networking 8 | Networking | Hardware Components Access Point | An Access Point is a device for adding Wireless Connectivity to an existing Wired Network. It is clear that an Access Point is a Wireless Device... But is it a Hub or a Switch? An Access Point is a device for adding Wireless Connectivity to an existing Wired Network. It is clear that an Access Point is a Wireless Device... But is it a Hub or a Switch? Well it is in fact both a Hub and a Switch. An Access Point is a device for adding Wireless Connectivity to an existing Wired Network. It is clear that an Access Point is a Wireless Device... But is it a Hub or a Switch? Well it is in fact both a Hub and a Switch. As Access Points are Wireless, and Wireless Bandwidth is by nature a shared resource, the Access Point (AP) is acting in this role as a Hub as it does not filter any of the Wireless Communication. If however an Access Point Is connected to an existing Wired Network, then the Access Point (AP) will act like a Switch and filter Traffic accordingly. Should Client A send Data to Client B, the Access Point will filter the Data and ensure that it is not broadcasted to all Ports. With the Advent of N Technology Routers Access Points are no longer required in a Home User environment, due to the already great Range provided.

9 Slide Number 9 Confidential property of Belkin International. Unlawful to copy or reproduce in any manner without the express written consent of Belkin International. Networking 9 | Networking | Hardware Components Router | A Router is in fact a... ROUTER + ACCESS POINT + NETWORK SWITCH In a essence the Router Part is the Device that sits between two or more Networks and decides which IP Packets go where. Network #1Network #2 ROUTER

10 Slide Number 10 Confidential property of Belkin International. Unlawful to copy or reproduce in any manner without the express written consent of Belkin International. Networking 10 | Networking | Hardware Components Router | Whereas a Network Switch works at a MAC Address level, a Router works at an IP Address level, and it has an IP Address for each Network that it is connected to. Based on Source and Destination IP Address and the Networks to which they belong, the Router decides to which Network to forward the Packet. Most End-User Routers, are Gateway Routers that simply connect a Local (LAN) Network with the rest of the World (WAN). Gateway Routers are usually based around Network Address Translation (NAT). The Network Address Translation (NAT) element handles the traffic from Routable (external) IP Addresses to the non-Routable (internal) IP Addresses of a typical internal Network or LAN. Three special Address Ranges are to be used in Local Networks (LANs) only, and they should not be forwarded to any Public Network. Class A:10.x.x.x Class B: x.x – x.x Class C: x.x

11 Slide Number 11 Confidential property of Belkin International. Unlawful to copy or reproduce in any manner without the express written consent of Belkin International. Networking 11 | Networking | Hardware Components Modem | The name Modem derives from the functionality of the Device in that it is in essence a Modulator/Demodulator. It is essentially a Communications Device that converts one form of a signal to another that is suitable for transmission over a Phone Line. Typically Digital Data from a PC is converted to Analogue Data which is sent via the Phone Line and then from converted back from this Analogue Data to Digital Data again on the next PC. Modem Routers | A Modem Router is in fact a... ROUTER + ACCESS POINT + NETWORK SWITCH + MODEM + NAT DEVICE The WAN Port found on a typical Router is essentially replaced with a Phone Line connection Point.


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