# Vapor Pressure William Henry Francois Marie Raoult.

## Presentation on theme: "Vapor Pressure William Henry Francois Marie Raoult."— Presentation transcript:

Vapor Pressure William Henry Francois Marie Raoult

Henry’s Law The concentration of a dissolved gas in a solution is directly proportional to the pressure of the gas above the solution Applies most accurately for dilute solutions of gases that do not dissociate or react with the solvent Yes  CO2, N2, O2 No  HCl, HI

Raoult’s Law Psolution = Observed Vapor pressure of
The presence of a nonvolatile solute lowers the vapor pressure of the solvent. Psolution = Observed Vapor pressure of the solution solvent = Mole fraction of the solvent P0solvent = Vapor pressure of the pure solvent

Liquid-liquid solutions in which both components are volatile
Modified Raoult's Law: P0 is the vapor pressure of the pure solvent PA and PB are the partial pressures

Raoult’s Law – Ideal Solution
A solution that obeys Raoult’s Law is called an ideal solution

Negative Deviations from Raoult’s Law
Strong solute-solvent interaction results in a vapor pressure lower than predicted Exothermic mixing = Negative deviation

Positive Deviations from Raoult’s Law
Weak solute-solvent interaction results in a vapor pressure higher than predicted Endothermic mixing = Positive deviation