Presentation on theme: "THE FEUDAL SYSTEM LO: To explain why William introduced the Feudal System to England. To describe how the Feudal system worked."— Presentation transcript:
THE FEUDAL SYSTEM LO: To explain why William introduced the Feudal System to England. To describe how the Feudal system worked.
STARTER Can you identify the man sitting down? What is happening in this picture? The man sitting down in King William I – William the Conqueror The man kneeling down is a Norman lord – he is swearing to be loyal to William.
What sorts of problems did William face once he was crowned king of England? I CANNOT TRUST THE SAXON LORDS TO CONTROL THE COUNTRY FOR ME. I NEED TO COLLECT TAXES BUT I DONT KNOW WHO OWNS WHAT. IF I DONT STOP THE REBELS IN THE NORTH THEY WILL SUPPORT A VIKING REBELLION.
You have already seen that William built castles all around England to help him control the land and its people. William also introduced a new social system into England. It was called the Feudal System.
How did he create the system? The Domesday Book: Day of Judgement Recorded how many people live in each shire (county), what they owned (land and animals) how much land was being farmed, and how much was it worth? Could he charge higher taxes to those living on land he had not granted them?
Based on the 3 Fs
1.) F ief Land was the basis of all wealth Given to nobles in exchange for loyalty to the king
2.) F ealty Loyalty between nobles and king sealed by an oath. Obligations upheld by the nobles in return for kings protection and justice Serve in army (~40 days), supply other knights to army, serve in kings court, give political advice, supply money
3.) Faith All of society was to believe in the Catholic faith. In doing so, taking an oath of loyalty would be bound by religious faith. Breaking this bond would be a sin.
HOW DID THE FEUDAL SYSTEM WORK? KING BARONS (nobles) BISHOPS KNIGHTS (nobles) Freeholders/ Serfs (lower class) ABOVE ALL THIS WAS GOD!