Presentation on theme: "THE FEUDAL SYSTEM LO: To explain why William introduced the Feudal System to England. To describe how the Feudal system worked."— Presentation transcript:
1THEFEUDALSYSTEMLO: To explain why William introduced the Feudal System to England.To describe how the Feudal system worked.
2STARTER The man sitting down in King William I – William the Conqueror Can you identify the man sitting down?What is happening in this picture?The man sitting down in King William I – William the ConquerorThe man kneeling down is a Norman lord – he is swearing to be loyal to William.
3What sorts of problems did William face once he was crowned king of England? I CANNOT TRUST THE SAXON LORDS TO CONTROL THE COUNTRY FOR ME.I NEED TO COLLECT TAXES BUT I DON’T KNOW WHO OWNS WHAT.IF I DON’T STOP THE REBELS IN THE NORTH THEY WILL SUPPORT A VIKING REBELLION.
4You have already seen that William built castles all around England to help him control the land and its people.William also introduced a new social system into England. It was called the Feudal System.
5How did he create the system? The Domesday Book: “Day of Judgement”Recorded how many people live in each shire (county), what they owned (land and animals) how much land was being farmed, and how much was it worth?Could he charge higher taxes to those living on land he had not granted them?
71.) Fief Land was the basis of all wealth Given to nobles in exchange for loyalty to the king
82.) FealtyLoyalty between nobles and king sealed by an oath. Obligations upheld by the nobles in return for king’s protection and justiceServe in army (~40 days), supply other knights to army, serve in king’s court, give political advice, supply money
93.) FaithAll of society was to believe in the Catholic faith. In doing so, taking an oath of loyalty would be bound by religious faith. Breaking this bond would be a sin.
10HOW DID THE FEUDAL SYSTEM WORK? KINGBISHOPSBARONS(nobles)KNIGHTS(nobles)ABOVE ALL THIS WAS GOD!Freeholders/Serfs (lower class)
11The Feudal ContractOath of Loyalty: Swearing allegiance (loyalty) to the king, or to someone of higher class.Oath to king comes with obligations:All nobles would serve in the army for certain amount of days (around 40)Supply king with additional knights during war timeNobles would serve in King’s court, give political adviceGive King money on certain occasions: marriage of oldest daughter, son is knighted