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NIH 2007 Statistics: A Total of 23.6 Million People Have Diabetes 7.8 Percent of the Population Have Diabetes Diagnosed: 17.9 Million People Undiagnosed:

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Presentation on theme: "NIH 2007 Statistics: A Total of 23.6 Million People Have Diabetes 7.8 Percent of the Population Have Diabetes Diagnosed: 17.9 Million People Undiagnosed:"— Presentation transcript:

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2 NIH 2007 Statistics: A Total of 23.6 Million People Have Diabetes 7.8 Percent of the Population Have Diabetes Diagnosed: 17.9 Million People Undiagnosed: 5.7 Million People Source: NYC Health Department 500,000 of these people are New Yorkers Another 200,000 New Yorkers have diabetes And do not know it yet

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4 2007 State Obesity Rates State% % % % Alabama30.3Illinois24.9Montana21.8Rhode Island21.4 Alaska27.5Indiana26.8Nebraska26South Carolina28.4 Arizona25.4Iowa26.9Nevada24.1South Dakota26.2 Arkansas28.7Kansas26.9New Hampshire24.4Tennessee30.1 California22.6Kentucky27.4New Jersey23.5Texas28.1 Colorado18.7Louisiana29.8New Mexico24Utah21.8 Connecticut21.2Maine24.8New York25Vermont21.3 Delaware27.4Maryland25.4North Carolina28Virginia24.3 Washington DC21.8Massachusetts21.3North Dakota26.5Washington25.3 Florida23.6Michigan27.7Ohio27.5West Virginia29.5 Georgia28.2Minnesota25.6Oklahoma28.1Wisconsin24.7 Hawaii21.4Mississippi32Oregon25.5Wyoming23.7 Idaho24.5Missouri27.5Pennsylvania27.1 The data shown in these maps were collected through the CDC's Behaviorial Risk Factor Surveilance System.

5 Atkins diet surprisingly effective in large-scale comparison study By Mike Stobbe, The Associated Press A low-carbohydrate diet is more effective in reducing body weight than healthy eating in both diabetic and non-diabetic subjects P. A. Dyson, S. Beatty and D. R. Matthews, Oxford Centre for Diabetes, Endocrinology and Metabolism A Steady, High-fat Diet Is Bad, But The News Gets Worse ScienceDaily (Apr. 23, 2007) Sirt1 protects against high-fat diet-induced metabolic damage. Department of Psychiatry, Obesity Research Center, Genome Research Institute, University of Cincinnati College of Medicine

6 Choose non-fat or low-fat dairy products for the great taste and nutrition without the saturated fat. In the past, people with diabetes were warned to completely avoid sugar. Now experts agree that you can eat foods with sugar as long as you work them into your meal plan as you would for other carbohydrate-containing food. People with diabetes can eat the same foods the family enjoys. About one-fourth of your plate should be filled with grains or starchy foods such as rice, pasta, potatoes, corn, or peas. Then, add a glass of non-fat milk and a small roll … Carb-containing foods include bread, tortillas, rice, crackers, cereal, fruit, juice, milk, yogurt, potatoes, corn, and peas. For many people, having about 45 to 60 grams at meals is about right. ADA Website August 2008

7 Weight Loss on a Low Carbohydrate, Mediterranean or Low Fat Diet Dietary carbohydrate restriction induces a unique metabolic state positively affecting atherogenic dyslipidemia, fatty acid partitioning, and metabolic syndrome Eggs modulate the inflammatory response to carbohydrate restricted diets in overweight men Comparison of Low Fat and Low Carbohydrate Diets on Circulating Fatty Acid Composition and Markers of Inflammation Comparison of Low Fat and Low Carbohydrate Diets ( kB) Arguments in favor of ketogenic diets A Randomized Trial Comparing a Very Low Carbohydrate Diet and a Calorie-Restricted Low Fat Diet on Body Weight and Cardiovascular Risk Factors in Healthy Women A Low-Carbohydrate, Ketogenic Diet versus a Low-Fat Diet To Treat Obesity and Hyperlipidemia, A Randomized, Controlled Trial Study Shows Low-Carb Diet Improves Cholesterol Effects of a low-carbohydrate diet on weight loss and cardiovascular risk factor in overweight adolescents New Duke Findings Corroborate Earlier Studies Demonstrating Benefits of Low-Carb Diet University of Connecticut Studies Indicate Ketosis is Safe Saturated Fat Does Not Pose Heart Disease Risk in Healthy Men The low fat/low cholesterol diet is ineffective


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