Presentation on theme: "APUSH: Market Revolution"— Presentation transcript:
1APUSH: Market Revolution 1815-1840 Mr. WeberRoom 217
2Activator Chapter 9 reading test: 15 minutes 1. What were the major social effects of the market revolution?2. What revolutionary changes did American slavery undergo during this period?3. What role did immigration play in the market revolution?4. How does the Second Great Awakening relate to the market revolution?
3Agenda Activator, agenda, and objective (20 minutes) Benchmark study strategy: matching game (30 minutes)The Market Revolution lecture (30 minutes)Teaching each other our DBQs (30 minutes)Exit ticket and homework (5 minutes)
4ObjectiveAP Topic #6. Transformation of the Economy and Society in Antebellum AmericaThe transportation revolution and creation of a national market economyBeginnings of industrialization and changes in social and class structuresImmigration and nativist reactionPlanters, yeoman farmers, and slaves in the cotton South
5Benchmark Review: Matching In teams of two.Match the key term/event in bold with the appropriate definition or phrase.You may use your notes and the book but time is of the essence.First team finished will receive extra credit on the exam.
10The Market Revolution The New Economy Roads and steamboats Improvements in transportation lowered costs and linked farmers to markets.Improved water transportation most dramatically increased the speed and lowered the expense of commerce.
13Transportation and Communication The Erie CanalCompleted in 1825 and made NYC a major trading port.State-funded canal as example for funding for internal improvements.Railroads and TelegraphsRailroads opened the frontier to settlementTelegraph introduced a communication revolutionImprovements in transportation and communication made possible the rise of the West.People traveled in groups to clear land and establish communities.Squatters set up farms on unoccupied land.
17The Cotton KingdomThe market revolution and westward expansion heightened the nation’s sectional divisions.Rise of cotton production came with Eli Whitney’s cotton gin.The cotton gin revolutionized American slavery.Historians estimate that around 1 million slaves were shifted old slave states to deep south betweenSlave trading became organized business.
19The Market Society Commercial farmers The Norwest became a region with an integrated economy of commercial farms and manufacturing cities.Farmers grew crops and raised livestock for sale.The cities in the East provided credit and a market.New technologies:Steel plowReaper
21The Factory System Samuel Slater establishes first factory in 1790 First large scale factories in 1814 in Waltham, Mass. Then Lowell, Mass.Nature of work shifted from skilled artisan to that of factory worker.Mass production of interchangeable parts assembled into standardized products.New England textile mills relied primarily on female and child labor.South lagged behind the North in terms of factory production.
26Growth of Immigration Economic expansion fueled demand for labor German and Irish settled primarily in Northern cities.Reasons for migration (push and pull factors)Filled mainly low-wage unskilled jobs
27Nativism Racist reaction to immigration Response to growing Catholic presence (Irish)Nativists blamed immigrants for:Urban crimePolitical corruptionAlcohol abuseUndercutting wages
28IndividualismFreedom linked to availability of land (Manifest Destiny)National myth and ideology surrounding the “West”Transcendentalists responded to competitive materialists individualism of emergent capitalism with idea of self-realization through which individuals remake themselves and their own livesRalph Emerson (“Self-Reliance”)
31The Second Great Awakening Added religious element to celebration of individual self- improvement, self-reliance, and self-determination.Charles Grandison Finney became a national celebrity for his preaching in upstate N.Y.Democratized ChristianityPromoted doctrine of human free willUsed opportunities of market revolution to spread their message
33Limits of Prosperity Opportunities for the “self-made man” Jacob Astor and Heratio AlgerMarket revolution produced a new middle class.Barred from schools and other public facilities most free African Americans and women were excluded from economic opportunities.
34Cult of DomesticityNew definition of femininity emerged based on values of love, friendship, and mutual obligationVirtue became personal moral qualityWomen should find freedom fulfilling their duties in their sphere
36Early Labor MovementSome felt that the market revolution reduced their freedomEconomic swings widened gap between rich and poorFirst workingman’s parties est. 1820sStrikes were common by the 1830sWage-earners evoked “liberty” when calling for improvements in the workplaceSome described wage labor as slavery: “wage slaves”
38Sharing our DBQsForm a reading group and share out your DBQ’s from the “securing the republic,” , period.Take notes and ask questions for clarification.
39Voices of FreedomPick a quote from Emerson’s “The American Scholar” and explicate it.Pick a second quote from Orestes Brownson’s “The Laboring Classes” and explicate it.Prepare to share your quotes and explanations on Thursday in class.
40Exit ticket and homework 1. How was it to read the chapter before hearing lecture about it?Homework:Explicate 2 quotes from the Voices of Freedom for Thursday.Benchmark Thursday.Begin reading Chapter 10 on Democracy in America for next Tuesday.Prepare for Friday’s debate on Jacksonian Democracy