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Evaluating Algebraic Expressions 2-2 Comparing and Ordering Rational Numbers Warm Up Warm Up California Standards California Standards Lesson Presentation Lesson PresentationPreview

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Evaluating Algebraic Expressions 2-2 Comparing and Ordering Rational Numbers Warm Up Write each fraction as a decimal

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Evaluating Algebraic Expressions 2-2 Comparing and Ordering Rational Numbers NS1.1 Read, write, and compare rational numbers in scientific notation (positive and negative powers of 10), compare rational numbers in general. Also covered: NS1.3 California Standards

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Evaluating Algebraic Expressions 2-2 Comparing and Ordering Rational Numbers least common denominator (LCD) Vocabulary

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Evaluating Algebraic Expressions 2-2 Comparing and Ordering Rational Numbers To compare fractions with unlike denominators, you can find a common denominator. This could be the least common denominator (LCD), which is the least common multiple of the denominators.

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Evaluating Algebraic Expressions 2-2 Comparing and Ordering Rational Numbers Additional Example 1A: Comparing Fractions by Finding a Common Denominator Compare. Write, or =. Multiply 6 and 10 to find a common denominator Write the fractions with a common denominator. Compare the fractions. Method 1: Multiply to find a common denominator = = = = = > 42 60,so 7 10 > >

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Evaluating Algebraic Expressions 2-2 Comparing and Ordering Rational Numbers Remember! The least common multiple (LCM) of two numbers is the smallest number, other than 0, that is a multiple of both numbers.

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Evaluating Algebraic Expressions 2-2 Comparing and Ordering Rational Numbers Additional Example 1B: Comparing Fractions by Finding a Common Denominator Compare. Write, or =. List multiples of 3 and 5. The LCM is Write the fractions with a common denominator. Compare the fractions. Method 2: Find the least common denominator. 3; 3, 6, 9, 12, 15… 5; 5, 10, = = = = < 12 15,so 4545 < >

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Evaluating Algebraic Expressions 2-2 Comparing and Ordering Rational Numbers Check It Out! Example 1A Compare. Write, or =. Multiply 2 and 5 to find a common denominator Write the fractions with a common denominator. Compare the fractions. Method 1: Multiply to find a common denominator. 2 5 = = = = = > 4 10,so 2525 > >

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Evaluating Algebraic Expressions 2-2 Comparing and Ordering Rational Numbers Check It Out! Example 1B Compare. Write, or =. List multiples of 3 and 4. The LCM is Write the fractions with a common denominator. Compare the fractions. Method 2: Find the least common denominator. 3; 3, 6, 9, 12, … 4; 4, 8, 12… = = = = < 9 12,so 3434 < >

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Evaluating Algebraic Expressions 2-2 Comparing and Ordering Rational Numbers A. 5 5 Additional Example 2: Comparing by Using Decimals Compare. Write, or = _ 2727 _ Write the fractions as decimals. 5 = 5.2 and 5 = … 2929 _ 2727 _ _ 5.2 < …, so 5 < 5 _ 2929 _ 2727 _ Compare the decimals. <

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Evaluating Algebraic Expressions 2-2 Comparing and Ordering Rational Numbers B. –0.44 – Additional Example 2: Comparing by Using Decimals Compare. Write, or = _ – = – _ –0.44 < –0.4, so –0.44 < – 2525 _ Compare the decimals. < Write - as decimal _ C _ Compare the decimals. Write as decimal _ > 1919 _ = > 0.1, so > _

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Evaluating Algebraic Expressions 2-2 Comparing and Ordering Rational Numbers A. 4 4 Check It Out! Example 2 Compare. Write, or = _ 3535 _ Write the fractions as decimals. 4 = 4.2 and 4 = _ 3535 _ _ Compare the decimals. < 4.2 < 4.6, so 4 < _ 3535 _

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Evaluating Algebraic Expressions 2-2 Comparing and Ordering Rational Numbers B. –0.80 – Check It Out! Example 2 Compare. Write, or = _ – = – _ –0.80 = –0.8, so –0.80 = – 4545 _ Compare the decimals. = Write – as decimal _ C _ Compare the decimals. Write as decimal _ > 0.83 > 0.8, so > _ _ 5656 _ = 0.83

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Evaluating Algebraic Expressions 2-2 Comparing and Ordering Rational Numbers To order fractions and decimals, you can either write them all in the same form and then compare them, or place them on a number line. Recall that numbers increase in value as you move from left to right along a number line.

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Evaluating Algebraic Expressions 2-2 Comparing and Ordering Rational Numbers Additional Example 3: Social Studies Application The numbers, –3.4, 6.0, and –2.5 represent the percent changes in populations for four states. List these numbers in order from least to greatest __ –4 –3 –2 – – Place the numbers on a number line and read them from left to right. – __ 14 4 The percent changes in population from least to greatest are –3.4, –2.5,, and 6.0. __

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Evaluating Algebraic Expressions 2-2 Comparing and Ordering Rational Numbers Check It Out! Example 3 The numbers, 3.0, –2.2, and –3.9 represent the percent changes in populations for four states. List these numbers in order from least to greatest __ –5 –4 –3 –2 – – Place the numbers on a number line and read them from left to right. – __ The percent changes in population from least to greatest are –3.9, –2.2, 3.0, and. 7272

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Evaluating Algebraic Expressions 2-2 Comparing and Ordering Rational Numbers Lesson Quiz Compare. Write, or = – – Sarah competed in a long-jump contest. Her first jump was 3.75 m, her second jump was 3 m, and her third jump was 3 m. Which jump was the longest? 3. –2 –2 > > < 1313 second jump

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