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Tutorial 1: Developing a Basic Web site

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1 Tutorial 1: Developing a Basic Web site
Session 2.1

2 Objectives Learn about Web Design principles Draw a storyboard
Create external links Create links Create internal links

3 Web Design Principles What is a good website from a design standpoint?
C.R.A.P. principles

4 Organizing the content
Importance of business strategy for your website Understand the client Tool: Client interview Organizing the content of the website Website functionalities Storyboard

5 Example of Storyboard

6 Working with Hypertext Links
Use of the <a> tag Syntax: <a href= “reference”>content</a> Attributes of the a element (See page HTML 84).

7 External Links <a href=“http://www.cnn.com” >CNN</a>
Use of complete URL With title attribute: <a href= “http://www.cnn.com” title=“Link to the CNN Web site” >CNN</a> With blank target: <a href=“http://www.cnn.com” target= “_blank”>CNN</a>

8 Review Practice – External Links
Create a folder and name it camshots. Download all the files from the practice folder in tutorial.02 and save them in the camshots folder. Open contesttxt.htm and save it as contest.html. In contest.html, mark the text BetterPhoto.com as an hypertext link pointing to the URL Set the attribute of the link so that it opens in a new browser window or tab.

9 Email Links What is an email link? Syntax:
<a href=“mailto:address”>text</a> Example: <a Adding the subject to link: <a href=“mailto:address?subject=your subject”>text</a> <a

10 Review Practice – Email Link
In the aside element, mark the text Gerry Hayward as a hypertext link to an address with as the address. Add Photo Contest as the subject line within the link.

11 Internal Links Link to another Web page within the same Web site
“Independent” internal link Internal links (part of the navigational bar) Internal links to a local file

12 Internal Links – Independent Links
<a href =“photos.htm”>our photo gallery</a> Absolute path: Specifies a precise location within the entire structure of a computer. Example Relative path: Specifies a file’s location in relation to the location of the current document.

13 Review Practice – Internal Links
Scroll down to the second article. Link the text Child Photos to the child.html file. Link Flower Photos to the flower.html file. Link Scenic Photos to the scenic.html file.

14 Internal Links – Navigation Bar
Use of CSS to format the navigation bar Common use of internal links for the navigation bar: The links are part of an unordered list inside the nav structural element. Example: <nav> <ul> <li><a href=“index.htm”>HOME</a></li> <li><a href=“about_us.htm>ABOUT US</a></li> </ul> </nav>

15 Review Practice – Navigation Bar
Directly below the header element, create a navigation list containing an unordered list with the following list items as hyperlinks: Home linked to the index.html file Tips linked to the tipweek.html file Contest linked to the contest.html file Glossary linked to the photogloss.html file Copy the navigation bar and paste it on index.html, tipweek.html, and photogloss.html. On

16 Internal Links – Links to local files
Links to non-HTML documents: Word documents, PDF documents, etc. Examples on some existing Web sites. Example: <a href=“docs/bylaws.pdf”>Company’s By-Laws</a>

17 Summary <a> tag Possible attributes: href title target


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