Presentation on theme: "1 Identity list Number the lines on a sheet of paper from 1-15. On each line, complete the statement I am… with whatever aspects of yourself comes to mind."— Presentation transcript:
1 Identity list Number the lines on a sheet of paper from 1-15. On each line, complete the statement I am… with whatever aspects of yourself comes to mind. Answer as if you were talking to yourself, not to somebody else. Write the answers in the order they occur to you. No one is going to see this list but you, so be honest about what comes to your mind.
2 Self concept: Knowledge about who we are Beliefs and feelings about ourselves
3 Status – position we occupy Assigned: given at birth Achieved: attained through individual effort Look again at your identity list: Place a 1 after an assigned status Place a 2 after an ascribed status
4 SociologicalPsychological Role Dispositional CollectivisticIndividualistic
5 Collectivistic – descriptions that refer to the self in relation to others: Roles (student, boyfriend) Membership in groups (Smith family member, UWM student) Social identities based on ethnicity, race, sex
6 Individualistic – qualities that apply to you personally. Self assured Believe in free enterprise Bad singer
7 Read each of your statements and classify them into either a collective or an individualist quality category. C = collectivistic I = individualistic
8 Did you tend to list individualistic qualities earlier in the list than collectivistic ones? 1.Yes 2.No
9 Which qualities are more central to your identity? 1.Collective components 2.Individualistic components
10 Would you expect people in western cultures to identify self concept more in terms of ascribed or achieved statuses? 1.Ascribed 2.Achieved
12 Self reference effect: We can process info relevant to ourselves better than other types of info We spend more time thinking about words/events if they are relevant to ourselves
13 Master identity/status: the status that takes precedence over all other statuses
14 Which of the following is an example of an achieved status? 1.Brother 2.Uncle 3.Father 4.Cousin
15 One of my identities is teacher. Which of the following concepts applies to that identity? 1.Psychological identity 2.Dispositional identity 3.Individualist identity 4.Collectivistic identity
16 When I asked you to recall the names I mentioned at the beginning of class I was demonstrating which of the following? 1.Self-concept 2.Self efficacy 3.Self reference effect 4.Self esteem
17 Self esteem: the way we evaluate our self identities
18 How do we assess ourselves? 1. Evaluate our good qualities vs our bad qualities. 2. Evaluate ourselves by comparing our self concepts with our concepts of our ideal selves. 3. Evaluate ourselves in comparison with a reference group.
19 Downward social comparison: comparing yourself to someone worse off than you (may increase self esteem) Upward social comparison: comparing yourself to someone who is better off than you (may lower self esteem)
20 Roots of self-esteem Direct experiences of competence/self efficacy –Evaluation of ability to perform a task or reach a goal Social feedback –Especially the appraisals from significant others.