Presentation on theme: "The Western Democracies Stumble"— Presentation transcript:
1The Western Democracies Stumble Chapter 16 – Section 2
2What do you think these lyrics are about? Do Now: Monday 4/1/13“They used to tell me I was building a dreamWith peace and glory ahead---Why should I be standing in line,Just waiting for bread?Once I built a railroad, I made it run,Made it race against time.Once I built a railroad, now its done ---Brother, can you spare a dime?”What do you think these lyrics are about?
5Postwar Politics Economic problems led to social unrest Needed to find jobs for returning veterans
6Irish Independence 1914: home-rule bill shelved when war began Easter 1916small group of militant Irish nationalists launched a revolt against British ruleQuickly suppressed by Britishcaused wider support for Irish independence1919 Parliament failed to grant home-rule againIrish launched guerilla war against British forces and supporters1922 agreement was madeMost of Ireland became self-governingNorthern counties, largely Protestant, remained under British rule
7“The Red Scare”Fear of the Bolshevik Revolution in Russia set off a “Red Scare” in the U.S.Police deported suspected foreign born radicalsGrowing demands to limit immigration
8The Great DepressionLate 1920s in the U.S. & spread to the rest of the worldDemand for raw materials & agricultural products skyrocketed during the war – demand & prices fell after the warOverproduction slow in production less workers neededFinancial mismanagementPrices on stock exchange were all time highFederal Reserve increased interest rates in 1928 and 1929Did not work people became afraid to invest hurt demandFall 1929 Stock prices crashed – wiping out fortunes of many investors
11Depression Spreads American banks stopped loans abroad Demanded repayment of foreign loans.Without U.S. support, Germany could not make reparation paymentsFrance and Britain could not make loan paymentsU.S. raised tariffs to protect economyBackfired when other nations raised their tariffs
12FDR & The New DealGovernment was needed to combat the Great DepressionEconomic and social programsFederal government became more directly involved in people’s everyday lives than ever beforeSocial Security system pension for elderly1934 Dust BowlNew Deal did not end the Great Depression, but it eased the suffering for many
16Portrait shows Florence Thompson with several of her children in a photograph known as "Migrant Mother". The Library of Congress caption reads: "Destitute pea pickers in California. Mother of seven children. Age thirty-two. Nipomo, California."
17ConsequencesAs the Depression continued people lost faith in democratic governments’ ability to solve problems of the modern worldDespair in Europe intensifiedExtremists promised radical solutionsBenito Mussolini, Joseph Stalin, Adolf Hitler