Presentation on theme: "BECOME TEST – WISE Mastering Computer-based Standardized Nursing Tests Texas State University St. Davids School of Nursing."— Presentation transcript:
BECOME TEST – WISE Mastering Computer-based Standardized Nursing Tests Texas State University St. Davids School of Nursing
Acknowledgements Liz Fuentes, MS, RN, FNP-C Assistant Clinical Professor, Texas Womens University School of Nursing, Mott Community College, Flint, MI
Table of Contents Mastering Computer-based Standardized Nursing Tests Slides Solid Learning Strategies 4-6 General Test Taking Skills 7-9 How to Read and Interpret a Test Question 10 – Parts of a Question11-16 – Practicing What We Just Learned17-20 – Mathematical Computations21 – Options22-26 – Types of Test Errors27-33 – Eliminating Incorrect Options34-37 – 15 Test Taking Strategies38-56 – References57
Learning Strategies: Your Guide to Classroom and Test-Taking Success With the above workbook that you received at New Student Orientation and Learning Strategies Inventories worksheets posted on thewebsite Complete Self-Assessment Inventories – One chapter at a time You must have solid learning strategies to master standardized nursing tests
You are to fine tune and strengthen these learning strategies: Getting the most from lectures – Preparing for class – Taking notes Everyday learning – Studying – Reading strategies – Tips for remembering facts Preparing for – Classroom assessments – Standardized nursing assessments
When studying – what works best for you? Dont change your mode of success – If study groups work for you – continue – If studying alone works – continue – If creating a quiet study space works – continue – If noise keeps you alert – go for it – If changing your study space every couple of hours works - continue Assess your attitude toward test-taking – Be positive; it makes a difference – Be steadfast – determined Checkout this New York Times (9-7-2010) article: Forget What You Know About Good Study Habits http://www.nytimes.com/2010/09/07/health/views/07mind.html?_r=1&scp=2& sq=Forget+What+you+know+about+good+study+habits&st=nyt
General Test-taking STRATEGIES Avoid changing answers Be systematic Work at a steady pace Stay focused Breathe Look for logic
THE TIME OF THE TEST ARRIVES…. Get sleep Eat what is kind on your digestive system at a time that works well for you Wear comfortable clothing and a watch – Or try wearing a Sunday outfit Bring a pencil or pen Goal: Be physically and mentally alert at an intensity that feels right to you
FORECAST POSITIVE RESULTS I am in control of my attitudes and my attitudes are positive. I can do well on this exam. and I am steadfast – determined.
Standardized Nursing Tests: How to Read and Interpret a Test Question
Parts of an Assessment Question Situation/scenario: Statement giving information about a clinical problem Stem: Specifically asks you something Options: Choices to answer the stem
The Situation/Scenario Sets the stage for the question Usually describes a client, family member or significant other with a particular problem or set of problems Contains some pertinent information
What is the Question Stem? Central focus of the item Presented as a question or incomplete item – Look for key words such as: Most correct Most likely Do first Initial Highest priority May require information from the situation in order to answer
Stem Types True response stem – asks for a true statement (commonly used) False response stem – asks for the incorrect answer (not commonly used)
Options: Choices to answer the stem One option is the most correct answer The other options are called distracters – May be four options of similar length – May be two short and two long answers – May be similar in length and designed as the correct answer – Must be plausible, but not correct – If an option contains both correct and incorrect information – it is a distracter Negative Options – not common but you need to be familiar with them Changes direction of the question Looks for the WRONG answer The correct option answers what the stem of the question is asking you, so make sure to re-read the stem (central focus of a question) after youve chosen your answer
Options: Choices to answer the stem Tips Separate what the question is telling from what it is asking – Scenario vs. stem (usually asks for true statement) Always identify the client, issue, key words Eliminate options offering new information Given: The nurse is always therapeutic and time is available
Lets practice what we just learned plus learn a few strategies
Sample Nursing Test Question The nurse is preparing a medication for a client and observes the date of expiration occurred two months ago. Which action should the nurse perform?
Sample Nursing Test Question Situation/Scenario Question Stem The nurse is preparing a medication for a client and observes the date of expiration occurred two months ago. Which action should the nurse perform?
Options to the Nursing Test Question A. Give the medication B.Discard the medication C.Omit the medication D.Return the medication to the pharmacy Rationale: Laws require all medication to have an expiration date. Outdated medication should be returned to pharmacy for proper disposal.
Mathematical Computations Be mindful of mathematical questions which will be included in an exam: The nurse is to administer an antibiotic to a child who weighs 22 lbs. The dosing is 30-50 mg/kg/day. First you would need to convert lbs to kgs: 2.2lb=1kg so this child weighs 10 kgs. Then multiply 10 kg by 40 mg (right in the middle of the recommended dose) = 400mg/day. Amoxicillin comes in 125 and 250mg/5cc (1 teaspoon). Antibiotic dosing should be divided throughout the day. Divide the total dose per day (400mg) by 3 doses throughout the day = 133mg. The child can receive 125mg or 5cc three times daily.
Option Position Myths No one position is favored; A vs. B vs. C vs. D When in doubt – select C is a myth that item writers know about… Dont look for shapes, letters, sequences, or patterns in answers Example: – I have too many C answers – There is no pattern to answers
One Last Option Myth The longest answer contains the most information but dont assume the information in the longest answer is correct
Umbrella Option Contains other options within it Present when there is more than one right answer found
Priority Option ABCs Airway Breathing Circulation Safety Maslow Patient first Safe Care
Dont Read Into Options Take question at face value If it walks like a duck….
First Error Type Misperceiving Information – Words are read incorrectly – Information is overlooked See next slide for an example
Read These Options BIRD IN THE THE HAND ONCE IN A A LIFETIME PARIS IN THE THE SPRING
What did you see? Did you see Paris in the Spring, Once in a Lifetime and Bird in the Hand? Look again at the next slide
Each option has repeated words BIRD IN THE THE HAND ONCE IN A A LIFETIME PARIS IN THE THE SPRING
Second Error Type Misprocessing information – Not recognizing a key word – Example Dysphagia may be misread as dysplasia – Focusing on the wrong key word in a distracter
Third Error Type Misapplying the response – Results when knowledge cannot be applied to the question – Graduates have a great deal of knowledge, but may have difficulty narrowing it to a particular answer
Absolutes 101 Anti-hypertensives always make you dizzy Patients should never self-medicate Doubtless the nurse is correct The patient was completely satisfied with treatment
Qualifiers The medication is probably the cause of the problem Patients usually walk after surgery Aspirin is the best medication No one ever documents that way
There is no penalty for guessing but you dont want to have to guess too frequently
Test-taking Strategies The following are 15 strategies for mastering computer-based standardized nursing tests We have included so many because different types test questions require different strategies to answer the question stem correctly Your assignment is to practice these strategies to determine which ones work best for you
Strategy 1 Read the client description and question carefully – Take time to read each word in the situation – Read the question stem – be sure you understand what it is asking – Form an answer in your mind, then select the option closest to your answer – The correct answer answers what the stem of the question is asking you, so make sure to re-read the stem (central focus of a question) after youve chosen your answer – Once a question is answered, its done…. Go to the next question
Strategy 2 The information provided is the only information to use – Avoid adding information to the situation – Dont assume information that is not there – Dont refer to personal experience
Strategy 3 Go with your gut Go with your intuition It may be a trigger to your memory if it sounds familiar Or perhaps your subconscious is at work
Strategy 4 Identify the step of the nursing process being tested – If an assessment question is asked, answers should involve collection more data – You need to become sensitive to words that indicate the phase of the nursing process being tested
Strategy 4: Example continued For example: The nurse completes a clients vitals and notes the following: RR: 28 per minute Temperature: 98.6°F HR: 90 BP: 100/70 Which of these results would be concerning to the nurse?
Strategy 4: Options with rationales A.Temperature: No, it is in normal range B.Respiratory rate: Yes, the client is tachypneic C.BP: No, 100/70 could be a normal range for this client D.HR: No, 90 is within normal range
Strategy 5 Concentrate on the question at hand – Each question demands your undivided attention – Once a question is answered, its done…. Forget it!
Strategy 6 Every question has the same point value – No question carries more weight on the test than another – If you dont know an answer, make an educated guess and move forward
Strategy 7 Dont test angry – Avoid personalizing a question – Some topics, such as abortion, abuse or rape trigger personal emotions – Answer according to what you have learned, not according to what you believe
Strategy 8 Generally, avoid answers containing qualifying words – Always – Never – All – None Nothing is always, never, or none
Strategy 9 Look for answers that are somehow different – If three options give a specific age, but the fourth option generalizes (i.e. adult), the general option is usually the correct one
Strategy 10 Look for answers that facilitate something such as: – Client teaching – Assisting the client toward independence – Look for facilitative words: * Assist * Help * Aid* Reinforce * Support* Foster * Encourage* Nurture * Facilitate* Endorse
Strategy 11 Look for relationships between answers: – Item writers usually write the question first, the right answer next, then the distracters – Usually the correct answer has a connection with the other options – Incorrect answers dont have a relationship with each of the other answers
Strategy 12 Select the answer that is most inclusive – If more than one answer looks to be correct, see if one of the answers contains the other – The more comprehensive an answer is, the more likely it is the correct one
Strategy 13 When given the option to medicate or use a non-pharmacologic treatment, select the non- pharmacologic treatment – Alternative methods of treating a problem should be attempted before administering medications
Strategy 14 For each option note (quickly - in your head) if its a true statement (+), a false statement (-) or a not sure (?) If there are 2 matching options left, select the more familiar If there is 1 matching and 1 not sure, pick the matching one GO WITH YOUR GUT
Strategy 15: Practice Practice Practice Take practice tests – timed at 2 minutes for each question – Goal: 9 of 10 answers correct Take practice tests – timed at 1.5 minutes for each question – Goal: 9 of 10 answers correct Take practice tests – timed at 1 minute 15 seconds – Goal: 9 of 10 answers correct Take practice tests – timed at 1 minute for each question – Goal: 9 of 10 answers correct Good resource: http://www.atitesting.com/Solutions/PreNursingSchool/TEAS.aspxhttp://www.atitesting.com/Solutions/PreNursingSchool/TEAS.aspx for online Practice Nursing Assessments
Practice Practice Practice Using practice tests in a timed environment helps reduce anxiety when its time for the real thing Practice Practice Practice We are serious about practicing…
References www.mccc.edu/~martinl/…SP10NRS101LectureSession6TestSuccess.ppt Mott Community College Nursing Department Flint, Michigan 48503 FUENTES, ELIZABETH E., MS, RN, FNP-C, Assistant Clinical Professor Texas Woman's University PowerPoint presentation: Test Taking Strategies Zerwekh, J. & Claborn, J.C. (2003). Family Nurse Practitioner Certification Review. St. Louis: Saunders.