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1 Investigational Device Exemption (IDE) Overview for IRBs Marian Serge, RN Division of Bioresearch Monitoring Office of Compliance Center for Devices.

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Presentation on theme: "1 Investigational Device Exemption (IDE) Overview for IRBs Marian Serge, RN Division of Bioresearch Monitoring Office of Compliance Center for Devices."— Presentation transcript:

1 1 Investigational Device Exemption (IDE) Overview for IRBs Marian Serge, RN Division of Bioresearch Monitoring Office of Compliance Center for Devices and Radiological Health FDA Marian Serge, RN Division of Bioresearch Monitoring Office of Compliance Center for Devices and Radiological Health FDA

2 2 Topics Provision of IDE regulations Medical device definition When is an IDE not needed When is an IDE required Significant risk (SR) device Non-significant risk (NSR) device Non compliance Provision of IDE regulations Medical device definition When is an IDE not needed When is an IDE required Significant risk (SR) device Non-significant risk (NSR) device Non compliance

3 3 Provisions of the IDE Regulation - 21 CFR 812 Submission process of an IDE application to FDA for significant risk device studies Process for obtaining IDE for non-significant risk device studies Assigns responsibilities: sponsor and clinical investigator –Investigator agreement –Device accountability –Reporting and records –IRB review and informed consent Submission process of an IDE application to FDA for significant risk device studies Process for obtaining IDE for non-significant risk device studies Assigns responsibilities: sponsor and clinical investigator –Investigator agreement –Device accountability –Reporting and records –IRB review and informed consent

4 4 IRBs must know three basic things 1. Does the study involve a device? 2. Does it need an IDE? 3. Is the device SR or NSR? 1. Does the study involve a device? 2. Does it need an IDE? 3. Is the device SR or NSR?

5 5 Question # 1 What is a device? Question # 1 What is a device?

6 6 What is a medical device? An instrument, apparatus, implement, machine, contrivance, implant, in vitro reagent...or component, part, or accessory... intended to diagnose a disease or condition or to cure, mitigate, treat, or for prevention of disease or it affects the structure or function of the body…..and does not achieve its primary purpose through chemical action... or by being metabolized

7 7 Question 2 Does the device study require an Investigational Device Exemption (IDE)? Question 2 Does the device study require an Investigational Device Exemption (IDE)?

8 8 Is an Investigational Device Exemption (IDE) Needed? No –Practice of medicine –Basic physiological research –Exempt studies [21 CFR 812.2(c)] Yes –Studies that support research or marketing applications –Investigation that collect safety and effectiveness –Studies of new indications No –Practice of medicine –Basic physiological research –Exempt studies [21 CFR 812.2(c)] Yes –Studies that support research or marketing applications –Investigation that collect safety and effectiveness –Studies of new indications

9 9 IDE not needed

10 10 Practice of Medicine (no IDE) Physician should –Be well informed about the product –Use firm scientific rationale and sound medical evidence –Maintain records on use and effects Not research but check Institutional policy: it may require IRB review and Informed Consent Physician should –Be well informed about the product –Use firm scientific rationale and sound medical evidence –Maintain records on use and effects Not research but check Institutional policy: it may require IRB review and Informed Consent

11 11 Basic Physiological Research (no IDE) Investigating a physiological principle No intent to develop the device for marketing Only using the device to address the research question – not safety and effectiveness Investigating a physiological principle No intent to develop the device for marketing Only using the device to address the research question – not safety and effectiveness

12 12 Exempt Studies (exempt from 21 CFR 812) (no IDE) Description of exempt devices [21 CFR 812.2(c)] –Approved devices used in accordance with labeling –Most in vitro diagnostic devices (IVDs) –Consumer preference testing, –testing of a minor modification, –testing of a combination of approved devices FDA post approval studies Description of exempt devices [21 CFR 812.2(c)] –Approved devices used in accordance with labeling –Most in vitro diagnostic devices (IVDs) –Consumer preference testing, –testing of a minor modification, –testing of a combination of approved devices FDA post approval studies

13 13 IDE required

14 14 Studies that support research or marketing (IDE required) Significant risk device research –Submission of an Investigational Device Exemption (IDE) application to FDA –Follow all of 21 CFR 812 Non-significant risk device research –IRB approval; after which the study is considered to have an IDE –Follow only 21 CFR 812.2(b) Significant risk device research –Submission of an Investigational Device Exemption (IDE) application to FDA –Follow all of 21 CFR 812 Non-significant risk device research –IRB approval; after which the study is considered to have an IDE –Follow only 21 CFR 812.2(b)

15 15 Results of an investigation to FDA (IDE needed) Clinical investigations of devices where safety and effectiveness data are collected will require an IDE

16 16 Studies of new indications (IDE needed) New intended use of an approved device –Different age population –New disease or condition –Different body placement –Changing from treatment to prevention for the same disease Also, new materials or design used in approved devices New intended use of an approved device –Different age population –New disease or condition –Different body placement –Changing from treatment to prevention for the same disease Also, new materials or design used in approved devices

17 17 Wheres the Line? NO IDE Practice of Medicine Basic physiological research Exempt studies Studying a cleared/approved device w/in label NO IDE Practice of Medicine Basic physiological research Exempt studies Studying a cleared/approved device w/in label IDE Studies of investigational devices (support research or marketing applications) Studies of new indications

18 18 Question 3 Is the device SR or NSR? Question 3 Is the device SR or NSR?

19 19 Significant Risk Device Definition Intended as an implant and – presents a potential serious risk to the health, safety, or welfare of a subject Or Intended as an implant and – presents a potential serious risk to the health, safety, or welfare of a subject Or

20 20 Significant Risk Device Definition Is purported or represented to be for a use in supporting or sustaining human life –and presents a potential serious risk to the health, safety, or welfare of a subject Or Is purported or represented to be for a use in supporting or sustaining human life –and presents a potential serious risk to the health, safety, or welfare of a subject Or

21 21 Significant Risk Device Definition Is for a use of substantial importance in diagnosing, curing, mitigating, or treating disease, or otherwise preventing impairment of human health –and presents a potential serious risk to the health, safety, or welfare of a subject Or Is for a use of substantial importance in diagnosing, curing, mitigating, or treating disease, or otherwise preventing impairment of human health –and presents a potential serious risk to the health, safety, or welfare of a subject Or

22 22 Significant Risk Device Definition Otherwise presents a potential for serious risk to the health safety or welfare of the subject Examples of SR devices: stents, respirators, dialysis machines, sutures, organ storage units, dental lasers for hard tissue, deep brain stimulators, female condoms, etc Otherwise presents a potential for serious risk to the health safety or welfare of the subject Examples of SR devices: stents, respirators, dialysis machines, sutures, organ storage units, dental lasers for hard tissue, deep brain stimulators, female condoms, etc

23 23 Significant Risk Device IDEs Sponsor submits IDE application to FDA FDA approves or disapproves or FDA conditionally approves which means there are no safety concerns and the study can begin while deficiencies are being addressed After FDA approval and IRB approval the SR device study can begin Sponsor submits IDE application to FDA FDA approves or disapproves or FDA conditionally approves which means there are no safety concerns and the study can begin while deficiencies are being addressed After FDA approval and IRB approval the SR device study can begin

24 24 Non-significant risk device Any device that is not significant risk Examples: –caries removal solution –contact lens, daily wear –gastroenterology and urology endoscopes and/or accessories –externally worn monitors for insulin reactions Any device that is not significant risk Examples: –caries removal solution –contact lens, daily wear –gastroenterology and urology endoscopes and/or accessories –externally worn monitors for insulin reactions

25 25 Non-significant risk device IDEs Sponsor presents the IRB with – protocol & a brief explanation why the device is not a significant risk device IRB also determines whether the device is SR or NSR If IRB determination agrees with sponsors NSR determination the IRB can review and approve the study using the criterial at 21CFR 56.111 –it is considered to have approved application for IDE No formal IDE submission to FDA Sponsor presents the IRB with – protocol & a brief explanation why the device is not a significant risk device IRB also determines whether the device is SR or NSR If IRB determination agrees with sponsors NSR determination the IRB can review and approve the study using the criterial at 21CFR 56.111 –it is considered to have approved application for IDE No formal IDE submission to FDA

26 26 Quick summary SR and NSR device studies Significant risk device study –Requires FDA and IRB approval Non-significant risk device study –Requires IRB approval Need help deciding? –CDRH has procedures: see handout. Want to see FDAs decision letter? –Ask the sponsor. Significant risk device study –Requires FDA and IRB approval Non-significant risk device study –Requires IRB approval Need help deciding? –CDRH has procedures: see handout. Want to see FDAs decision letter? –Ask the sponsor.

27 27 IRB Non-compliance Inadequate initial or continuing review –Frequency of review –Expedited review –SR determination Inadequate records –SOPs –Minutes, including the vote –Membership roster –Study documentation Inadequate initial or continuing review –Frequency of review –Expedited review –SR determination Inadequate records –SOPs –Minutes, including the vote –Membership roster –Study documentation

28 28 Clinical Investigator Non-compliance Failed to –Follow investigational plan, investigator agreement, or protocol –Document case history and device exposure –Obtain adequate informed consent Failed to –Follow investigational plan, investigator agreement, or protocol –Document case history and device exposure –Obtain adequate informed consent

29 29 Clinical Investigator Non-compliance Failed to –Control of investigational device –Report Unanticipated ADEs –Obtain FDA or IRB approval to conduct study Failed to –Control of investigational device –Report Unanticipated ADEs –Obtain FDA or IRB approval to conduct study

30 30 Summary Medical device definition Significant risk (SR) device Non-significant risk (NSR) device IDE not required IDE required IRB and investigator non- compliance Medical device definition Significant risk (SR) device Non-significant risk (NSR) device IDE not required IDE required IRB and investigator non- compliance

31 31 Contact Information and Websites IDE Staff –Sheila.Brown@fda.hhs.gov –Stephen Rhodes, Director Websites: –www.fda.gov and click on Medical Deviceswww.fda.gov –www.fda.gov/oc/ohrt/irbs/ IDE Staff –Sheila.Brown@fda.hhs.gov –Stephen Rhodes, Director Websites: –www.fda.gov and click on Medical Deviceswww.fda.gov –www.fda.gov/oc/ohrt/irbs/

32 32 Marian Serge, RN DBM, OC, CDRH, FDA Marian,Serge@FDA.HHS.GOV (301) 796-5644 Marian Serge, RN DBM, OC, CDRH, FDA Marian,Serge@FDA.HHS.GOV (301) 796-5644


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