Presentation on theme: "Venous Access Devices in Clinical Practice"— Presentation transcript:
1 Venous Access Devices in Clinical Practice An overview of guidelines and services for maximizing outcomes for patients receiving intravenous therapies
2 Useful to Know Venous Access is essential . Establishing and maintaining reliable access is a priority.EARLY access planning prevents IV related complications and negative outcomes for patients and the hospital.The choice of which VAD to use is a collaborative process.
3 Access is essentialInfusion therapies play a major role in the treatment plan for almost every disease process.Need for IV therapy is one of the criteria for provider approval of hospital admission.Start from the premise that all of your patients will require some type of IV access. This is a safe assumption because:
4 2 types of devicesPIV’sshort catheters (less than 3 inches) placed in the veins of the upper extremities.CVAD’slong catheters whose terminal tip position is in the central veins.
5 Venous Access Devices Peripheral Central Most appropriate device for short term therapies (less than 5 days) that are nonirritating.CentralWhen ordered meds have pH greater than 9.0 or less than 5.0, osmolality greater than 500 mOsm.Ordered meds/fluids are known irritantsPN with dextrose con-centration greater than 10%.IV inotropesVesicants
6 IV Team is in house 7 days a week from 8AM-7:30PM. Peripheral IV’sPlaced by the nursing staff on the units 24/7 with the assistance of the IV Team for those patient’s that are difficult sticks.IV Team is in house 7 days a week from 8AM-7:30PM.Pager #
7 CVAD’sAre placed by multiple physician and non-physician providers throughout the hospital based on the type of device that is required.
13 Which VAD?The goal is to choose a device with the lowest risk of complications (infectious and noninfectious) which will last the duration of therapy or be managed with minimal replacements.
14 Appropriate VAD Selection Minimizes patient discomfort, morbidity and mortalityDecreases health care costs associated with delays of therapy and increased LOS.Enhances therapeutic benefits for patients with minimal impact on ADL’s.
16 "A good beginning makes a good end." Louis L’amour
17 Starts with the first IV order Discuss on rounds…..with the patient. Planning is essentialStarts with the first IV orderDiscuss on rounds…..with the patient.Once it is determined that the patient will require IV therapy, planning for access device placement and care as part of the patient’s overall plan of care is very important.
18 What type of access device is the most appropriate for the patient? Duration of therapyCharacteristics of the infusatesAvailable insertion sitesExisting co-morbiditiesImpact on ADL’s
19 Duration of Therapy < 5-7 days – peripheral IV >7 days<2 weeks (in house patients) temporary CVAD1-6 weeks – PICC>6 weeks – Tunneled or Implanted
20 Type of infusates Osmolality > 600 Caustic or vesicant medications pH < 5pH > 9Osmolality > 600Caustic or vesicant medications
21 Available insertion sites Consider CVAD placement when:Peripheral IV access cannot be initiated or maintained in the upper extremities.IV’s ‘blow’ or last only a few hours.No lower extremity IV’s.The patient has a history of being a “difficult stick” and has required central access in the past.
26 Co-morbidities and Device Selection Certain types of CVAD’s may be contraindicated based on pre-existing conditions.Chronic Kidney Disease, Hypercoaguable syndromes, preexisting venous stenosis, thrombosis, etc.
27 Impact on ADL’sAvailability of care giver assistance.Dressing requirements and catheter stability.Use of mobility aids.Work and home activity limitations.
28 When, how and by whom will the device be placed? PIV’sUnit staff and IV TeamCVAD’sNontunneled – resident staff, PICC nurses, interventional radiology, anesthesiaTunneled – Interventional radiology, peds surgeryImplanted – Interventional radiologyLonger turn around times, impacts length of stay.
29 When to Order? Based on patient need and ordered therapies Early decision making and placement of an appropriate device is correlated with positive clinical outcomes and decreased length of stay.Remember: PICC, tunneled and implanted device placement requires lead time of 1-3 days. Do not wait until day of discharge to order lines for home infusion.
30 Which device to order? Temporary Nontunneled: Best for short term facility based access (less than 14 days)Long term Nontunneled:Typically used for 1-6 weeks of therapy. (PICC’s) May be used in the home setting.
31 Which device to order? Tunneled catheters: More permanent device best used for dwell times > than 4-6 weeks or when a PICC is contraindicated.Ports:Most beneficial when long term intermittent therapies are needed.
32 How to order CVAD’s For PICC’s: Search ‘PICC’ in CPOE Select “PICC Procedure (Adult and Ped) from the order menu.
33 How to orderTunneled or Implanted devices:Search ‘CVAD’:‘CVAD-insert tunneled w/o port >5 years’‘CVAD-insert tunneled with port >5 years.
34 VAD Placement Decisions An integral part of the treatment planCollaborative in natureCoordinated effort of multiple providersCollaborative: care managers, nursing staff, patients and family members, other care providers.
35 Resources Patient Consult services (nephrology, infectious disease) PICC RN:VIR: consult pagerHome Infusion Nurse:CCM and Social Workers
36 Useful to Know Venous Access is essential . Establishing and maintaining reliable access is a priority.EARLY access planning prevents IV related complications and negative outcomes for patients and the hospital.The choice of which VAD to use is a collaborative process.