Presentation on theme: "Sebasticook Lake Fish Weir Complex"— Presentation transcript:
1Sebasticook Lake Fish Weir Complex Weir – A small dam or fence set in a stream or stream channel.
2The north end of Lake Sebasticook is the site of the fish weir complex.
3The Fall draw down puts the lake closer to its prehistoric levels. Aerial photo of Sebasticook Lake after the Fall draw down. The Alder Brook channel is clearly visible, giving us an idea of water levels during prehistoric times.
4Luke Wheeler 4’10” tall / Eels are catadromous Luke Wheeler 4’10” tall / Eels are catadromous. Atlantic Salmon are anadromonous.With a caloric value six times that of any other freshwater fish, the eel was a prized catch, tasting somewhat like chicken, though quite bony. (home.gwi.net/~fks/listingpetition.html)
51991 draw down revealed some of the remaining stakes of the weir. The 1991 draw down exposed a series of stakes driven into the stream bed. Upon further investigation 142 stakes where identified and mapped.
6Stake cut with a stone tool. The first indication that the site dated back to the late archaic period was the presence of stakes cut with stone tools.
71992 Draw down determined it was a complex not a site. The 1992 draw down revealed a more elaborate site then previously suspected. The lower water levels of 1992 revealed a total of 630 stakes and archaeologists concluded this to be a fish weir complex not merely a fish weir site.
8142 stakes mapped after 1991 draw done 142 stakes mapped after 1991 draw done draw down revealed more stakes with a total of 630 mapped with GPS coordinates.
9The contrast between stone cut stakes and steel cut stakes is evident. Stake cut with a steel tool.The contrast between stone cut stakes and steel cut stakes is evident.
10A stake removed from the stream bed for inspection and study. Fish weir stakeA stake removed from the stream bed for inspection and study.
11Mapping of the 630 stakes, the channel as it appeared during the Woodland and Archaic periods and rock emplacements.
14Fish weir stakes collected at the site. Samples from the fish weir complex for study. Some of the stakes have carbon dating chips removed, to be used in the carbon dating process.
15Core samples taken from the stream bed to investigate stratigraphy and the sedimentology of the shoreline.Investigation into the stratigraphy and sedimentology of the shoreline. Organic material found in the core sample can be used in the dating process.
16Bangor Daily News article on the Sebasticook Lake fish weir complex. Bangor Daily News article on the fish weir.
17A stone gouge located at the fish weir complex. Gouge found at the site of the fish weirA stone gouge located at the fish weir complex.
18Artifacts located at the Sebasticook Lake fish weir site. Artifacts found at the fish weir site.Artifacts located at the Sebasticook Lake fish weir site.
19Think like and archaeologist!! What can we determine about this family?What items would last several hundred years or more?What might an interrupted trend tell us?Get a notebook or piece of paper. The picture on the right is the garbage from 502 South Main Street. Carefully observe the artifacts deposited in the trash. What do they tell you about the residents of this house?Suppose you have been examining this family’s garbage bag each week for a year and it always contained an average of eight soda cans a week. Suddenly one week, the cans stop appearing in the garbage. What reasons can you think of to explain this change?How many of the items shown would survive if they were buried in the ground for two hundred years? If you analyzed only those artifacts that still remained, would you change your conclusions about the residents of 502 South Main Street?