Presentation on theme: "7. Law of Superposition EQ: How do fossils provide a record of Earths geologic history? Learning Target: Students will be able to describe the Law of Superposition."— Presentation transcript:
7. Law of Superposition EQ: How do fossils provide a record of Earths geologic history? Learning Target: Students will be able to describe the Law of Superposition. Learning Task: Task: I will practice using Law of Superposition to determine the relative age of rocks layers. I will identify index fossils within rock layers.
Warm-up: Tuesday 4/8/14 1.What parts of an animal become fossils? 2.How are molds and cast fossils alike? 3.How are mold and cast fossils different? Record your responses at
Intro to Stratigraphy Stratigraphy is a branch of geology which studies rock layers and layering A key idea in Stratigraphy is the Law of Superposition: the idea that lower rock layers are older than the upper rock layers
Intrusion and extrusion Clues From Igneous Rock Lava that cools at the surface is called an extrusion. Rock below an extrusion is always older. Magma that cools beneath the surface is called an intrusion. An intrusion is always younger than the rock layers around an beneath it.
Which layer would be the oldest? A B C A B C
Which rock layer would be the youngest? A B C A B C
4 th Quarter Table of Contents 1 TitleAssignment # Ice Cores2 Ice Core Webquest3 Fossil Notes4 Getting into the Fossil Record 5 Fossil Vocab6 Fossils over Time (Molds vs Casts) 7 Law of Superposition Vocab 8 Whos on First? (Wkst)9
Law of Superposition VOCAB8 Law of superposition – the idea that rocks and fossils found in lower layers are older than the rocks and fossils found in the top layers relative dating – a method of dating rocks which cant give us an actual age, but can tell us whether a rock layer is older or younger than another strata – a certain rock layer unconformity - gaps in rock layers and/or the fossil record intrusion - a rock layer that forms when magma hardens beneath Earths surface extrusion - a rock layer that forms when lava flows onto Earths surface and hardens radiometric dating – using radioactive elements found naturally in substances in order to determine how old they are. absolute age – the actual age of a rock or fossil
Whos on First? Today you will start an assignment to help you learn how to determine the relative age of rocks and fossils. You need a partner, and each person needs their own paper. You will share a set of cards. You must finish with the pink cards to get the green cards!
Fossils and Superposition What is a fossil? The trace or remains of an organism that lived long ago, most commonly preserved in sedimentary rock What is a superposition? Younger rocks lie above older rocks if the layers have not been disturbed
Relative Dating and Index Fossils What is relative dating? Any method of determining whether an event or object is older or younger than other events or objects. What is an index fossil? A fossil that is found in the rock layers of only one geologic age and is used to establish the age of the rock layers. Is found in rock layers around the world, ex Trilobites
Set A – Pink Cards On your desk, you have 8 pink cards with nonsense letters placed on them. Your task is to determine what the correct sequence of the letters are. You have two clues: 1.The card with the letters C and T is on the bottom, or the oldest layer 2.Look for a card that has either a T or C written on it for the second layer
C T CGA AU UBN BN ON OXD DM This is one possible way to arrange the cards. Questions: 1.What letter is the oldest? 2.What letter is the youngest? 3.What letter showed up the most? 4.Which letters only showed up once? 5.Which letters could be index fossils? 6.How did you know which was older: M or X?
Set B – Green Cards Obtain a set of Green Fossil Cards Clues: 1.The oldest layer is labeled SET B 2.Find a rock layer that has at least one of the fossils you found in the oldest rock layer. This rock layer will be younger because of the presence of new fossils. 3.Extinction is forever! Once an organism disappears from the sequence it cannot reappear later
To think about… What problems did you run into when trying to arrange the fossils into the correct sequence? Would this have been more difficult if you did not know which layer was the oldest to start the activity? Which organism is the most complex of all the fossils and why?
Extension: If you finish, you can complete the Skills Lab in our book on page 330, and answer Questions 1-9. Turn this in on Google DRIVE instead of paper.