Presentation on theme: "UNIVERSITI Outcome-based Education (OBE) UNIVERSITI TUNKU ABDUL RAHMAN"— Presentation transcript:
1 UNIVERSITI Outcome-based Education (OBE) UNIVERSITI TUNKU ABDUL RAHMAN Faculty of Engineering and ScienceOutcome-based Education (OBE)Prof. Ir. Dr. Chung Boon KuanPEng, MIEM
2 Agenda What is OBE? What is EAC? How do we implement OBE? Roles of University and LecturersRoles of StudentsChallenges in the 21st Century
3 What is OBE? Outcome-based Education Popular education reform model A student-centered learning philosophy that focuses on empirically measuring student performance, which are called outcomes.
4 Traditional Education Input-based Education primarily focuses on transferring resources to the students.Use a series of examination to gauge the retention and comprehension of the course. However, the required outcomes of the graduates are not spelled out and measured.(Exam doesn’t measure soft-skills, attitude towards life-long learning etc.)Students tend to learn only the content that lecturers teach them, and don’t improve their ability to solve engineering problems or design new devices.Passing exam doesn’t prove that the students can meet the desired outcomes expected by industry.Mismatch between the content provided to students and industry’s expectation.
5 View on graduates from traditional education ….. View on graduates from OBE …..“OK”What is the nutrition fact?High in Protein ...?Low in Calcium …?…..“Not good enough”
6 Programme Outcomes of 3E Programme Outcomes of EC i. Ability to apply acquired fundamental knowledge of science and engineeringi. Apply acquired fundamental knowledge of science and engineering;ii. Possess the relevant technical skills in electrical and electronic engineeringiii. Possess the relevant technical skills in electronic and communications engineering;iii. Ability to identify, formulate and solve problems of high- and low-power circuits and systemsiv. Identify, formulate and solve communication engineering problems;iv. Ability to design and evaluate electrical and electronic systems based on system approachii. Design and evaluate electronic and communication systems based on system approach;viii. Be aware of the current good practices of electrical & electronic engineering for sustainable developmentvi. Be aware of the current good practices of electronic and communication engineering for sustainable development;vii. Ability to understand and commit to prevailing professional and ethical responsibilitiesvii. Demonstrate commitment to ethical and professional responsibilities;v. Ability to communicate effectivelyv. Communicate effectively with technical and non-technical people;vi. Ability to function effectively as an individual and in a groupix. Function effectively as an individual and in a team;x. Be aware that a professional engineer’s work have social, cultural, global and environmental ramificationsx. Be aware of a professional engineer’s social, cultural, global and environmental responsibilities.ix. Recognize the importance of and be able to engage in life-long learningviii. Recognize that electronic communication is a fast evolving field and is committed to carry out life-long learning;
7 Sustainable Development Climate change - global issue most concerned todayFrom scarcity of water to new supplies of fossil to meet energy demandsMinimum impact to the environmentMinimize energy consumptionMinimize use of material and waste
8 OBEDiscourages traditional education approaches based on direct instruction of facts and standard methods.Problem-based Learning (PBL)It requires that the students demonstrate that they have learnt the required skills and content
9 Programme OutcomesEach independent education agency specifies its own outcomes and its own methods of measuring student achievement according to those outcomes.The results can be used for different purposes.Use the information to determine how well the overall education system is performingUse the assessments to determine whether an individual student has learned required material.
10 Programme ObjectivesProgramme Outcomes describe the attributes that the students are expected to attain at the point of graduation.Programme Objectives describe the career and professional accomplishments that the programme would prepares the graduates to achieve in a few years after their graduation.
11 Programme Objectives of 3E Programme Objectives of EC The graduates of Electrical and Electronic Engineering Programme will use the latest knowledge and techniques in developing, maintaining, servicing, sales and marketing, and research of electrical and electronics technologiesThe graduates of Electronic and Communication Engineering Programme will use the latest knowledge and techniques in design, developing, maintaining, servicing, sales and marketing, and research of electronic telecommunication and technologiesThe graduates will assume technical, managerial and ethical roles effectively in the organizations they work in.The graduates will be involved in the affairs of professional institutions and keep abreast of the nation’s needs and developments, and provide services to the engineering communities and the nation
12 Stakeholders Engineering Accreditation Council Employers or industrial supervisorsIndustrial Advisory PanelAcademic staffExternal examinerPublic and ParentsStudents
13 What is EACLAN/IEM/BEM and JPA formed Engineering Accreditation Council (EAC) in Oct 2000Accreditation of engineering programmes in MalaysiaAccreditation visit after the first batch of students completed studyEnsure programme satisfy minimum academic requirements for registration as a graduate engineer with BEM and for admission to graduate membership of IEMOBE must be implemented
14 Why OBE?Advocated by Washington Accord (current permanent signatories, US, UK, Canada, Japan,…)Accredited Engineering Graduates are recognized by other signatory countries.- Possible employment as engineers in those countries without further examinations.
15 Required SkillsEngineers are expected to make a quick and useful contribution in work.Not enough to rely on technical expertise; employers will expect you to demonstrate a range of practical skills and soft skills.You will therefore need to think about the skills that you have to offer the employer.
16 Professional Engineer (PE) Engineers Act 1967 requires every engineer to be registered with the Board of Engineers, Malaysia (BEM).Graduates from recognised degree programmes shall be registered as Graduate Engineer to work as an engineer.Practical training of more than 3 years is required for application to sit for Professional Interview (PI).A PI candidate will be required to show that he can apply theory in engineering projects, and has acquired the skills of investigation (field work), planning, and design.Upon passing the PI, the candidate can then apply to BEM for registration as a Professional Engineer.Achieving PE status can be regarded as a self-fulfillment to enhance the status of a person in the society.
17 Board of Engineers, Malaysia (BEM) The work of engineers can have significant impact on public interest.BEM is the regulatory body to enforce the Engineers Act to protect public interest.Engineers are bound by the Code of Professional Conduct.Engineers shall be professional in discharging their duty and responsibility in order to uphold the dignity, standing, and reputation of the engineering profession
18 Institution of Engineers, Malaysia (IEM) A learned society where engineers of various disciplines in every sector of economic activities come together for mutual helpfulness and sharing of experiences and technologies.IEM works closely with BEM to enhance the status of engineers in the society (accreditation of engineering degree, professional interview, international recognition of standards for the training of professional engineers, etc.)Help young engineers to establish themselves in the ranks.Establish social linkages between engineers.
19 How do we implement OBE? Guided by EAC Accreditation Manual Documentation to satisfy EAC requirements (SOP, Unit files, PBL assignments, exam/test, lab manual, samples, thesis, industrial training reports, etc.)Outcome assessment methods and surveyContinuous Quality Improvement (CQI)Problem-based Learning (PBL)
20 Learning Outcomes – IC Design On completion of this unit, a student shall be able to:Explain and use the device equations for design and analysisDescribe the basic digital components and use tools to analyze themDescribe the basic processing steps used today to do both the layout and simulation of MOS ICsKnow how to make design trade-offs to achieve a good balance among speed, power consumption and reliabilityAnalyze existing integrated circuits and design new integrated circuits
21 Course to Programme Outcome Matrix CODECOURSEEMPHASIS TO THE PO12345678910UCCM1653Mathematics for Engineering I×UEEA1243Circuit TheoryUCCS2613Programming TechniquesUEEA3273Electromagnetic Fields and WavesUEGE3114Industrial TrainingUEGE4113ProjectMatrix of Learning Outcomes vs. POMatrix of assessment tools vs. Learning OutcomesDirect assessment of PO through FYP, ITP, survey, etc.
24 Criteria for International Recognition In term of Problem Analysis ….Washington AccordSydney AccordDublin AccordIdentify, formulate, research literature and solve complex engineering problems reaching substantiated conclusions using first principles of mathematics and engineering sciencesIdentify, formulate, research literature and solve broadly-defined engineering problems reaching substantiated conclusions using analytical tools appropriate to their discipline or area of specialisationIdentify and solve well-defined engineering problems reaching substantiated conclusions using codified methods of analysis specific to their field of activity
25 Criteria for International Recognition In term of Depth of Analysis required….Complex Problems (engineer)Broadly-defined Problems (technologist)Well-defined Problems (technician)Have no obvious solution and require abstract thinking, originality in analysis to formulate suitable modelsCan be solved by well-proven analysis techniquesCan be solved in standardized ways
26 Problem-based Learning SubjectAssignment TitleUEET2513 Analogue CommunicationsDesign and Construction of an FM TransmitterUEET4563 Mobile and Satellite CommunicationDesign and simulation of digital demodulation systems.UEEA2333 Analogue ElectronicsDesign and Analysis of an Analogue Electronic SystemUEEA4863 Renewable EnergyDesign and construction of Solar Cell charging circuit.UEEA4363 Optics & Opto-electronicsDesign and construction of an optical transceiver.UEEA4653 Computer ArchitectureEvaluation of Computer Architecture Families (RISC and CISC)UEEA4483 High Voltage EngineeringDesign an Alternative Means of Providing Insulation in Power TransformersUEEA3273 Electromagnetic Fields and WavesCase study of a commercial TV antenna.UEEA3453 Power SystemDesign of Energy Saving Scheme in Building Automation.UEEA3633 Microprocessor & Microcontroller SystemsHome Security System DesignUEEA4373 Integrated Circuit DesignCMOS Implementation of Complex Logic FunctionUEEL2323 / UEEA1323 Digital ElectronicsDesign a multiplexing system to implement a 4-digit 7-segment LED display.UEEA3423 Control SystemsDesign a Positional Feedback Control System for an antenna systemUEEL4123/UEEA4473 Power Electronics and drivesDesign and Construction of a speed control unit for a hybrid stepper motorUEEA3353 Digital System DesignVending Machine Design Using Verilog
27 Roles of UniversityProvide conducive environment for students to learn the required knowledge and skills, including social networking.Engage staff with extensive industry and research experience so that they can bring their experience into their teachingProvide students the opportunities to carry out engineering or research projects during their course of study
28 UTAR to be premier university Excellence in advancement & dissemination of knowledge & expertiseUTAR to be premier universityVisionHolistic development of knowledge & expertise of the individualMissionProduce disciplined graduates with critical thinking, quest for continuous learning & pursuit of excellenceAdvance knowledge through collaborations with international universities, research institutions and industriesInculcate UTAR communities with high moral values, appreciation of diversity in multiethnic society and concern for mankind
29 Roles of Lecturers Review PEO, PO, course structure, and syllabus Guidance on required PEO, PO, learning outcomesTeach the relevant engineering, maths, and other relevant subjectsConduct relevant tutorials and laboratory practical sessionsGive appropriate guide on assignments and projectsOrganise a series of engineering seminars by academic staff and invited speakers from practicing engineers in industriesOrganise field trips and visits to industries
30 Roles of Lecturers Conduct empirical measurements of PO Prepare the required documentationAssure EAC and public on the standard of our graduatesObtain and maintain accreditation from EAC
31 Roles of StudentsKnow the required Programme Outcomes and Programme ObjectivesAcquire the Learning OutcomesDemonstrate that they have learnt the required skills and contentsAttain the Programme Outcomes and Programme ObjectivesConstructive feedback for the programme to obtain accreditation
32 Challenges in the 21st Century GlobalisationChina entering the World Trade Organisation (WTO)Liberalisation under Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC)Asean Free Trade Agreement (AFTA)Borderless Business - free flow of goods and servicesFair Trade - no trade barrier to protect domestic industriesProducts/Services Competition - investments go with the most competitive environment for manufacturing and servicing hubs
33 Risks and Opportunities Withdrawal of Foreign InvestmentOutflow of Domestic FundsIncrease of Jobless RateDecreased Occupancy Rate, hence decreased property valuesExcess Import of Goods and ServicesInflation and devalued currencyOPPORTUNITIESOpposite of the above; plusBigger Client Base
34 Keywords for SurvivalCompetitive :- product/service quality, labour productivityHuman Resources :- knowledge based businessValue-Added ServicesInnovativeGear up to go global :- international affiliations and joint-ventures
35 Engineering Career Planning Never limit your choice of work/learningExercise your engineering mindWork hard and smartLook after your healthTake good care of your familyAppreciate what you haveNever lose your appetite to learnContribute to well-being of mankind
40 Bloom’s Taxonomy: Verbs ComprehensionChooseDiscussPickCite examples ofExplainReportDemonstrate use ofExpressRestateDescribeGive in own wordsReviewDetermineIdentifyRecognizeDifferentiate betweenInterpretSelectDiscriminateLocate