Presentation on theme: "By: Dian Tresna Nugraha München,"— Presentation transcript:
1By: Dian Tresna Nugraha München, 23.08.2003 Pola-pola Dasar Kacapi Pamirig Kawih Basic Kacapi Keyings for Kawih Accompaniment part ABy: Dian Tresna NugrahaMünchen,
2Introduction Kawih = Sundanese term for ‘song’ Kacapi siter is used for our purpose. It has 20 strings. Farthest string (lowest frequency) is tuned to 3 and nearest string (highest frequency) is tuned to 4. (scroll to some more slides to see it’s picture)Suling Sunda is 6 holed bamboo flute.Pangkat is ‘the opening’ or start of kawih. It is selected based on the goong key (number in circle).Pancer is intermediate tone between two keys, e.g. between goong key and kenong key.Panutup is ‘the ending’. (or ‘suwuk’ in Javanese)60 cm
3Notation Note range, from lowest frequency to highest frequency is: trewqDegung notation is used.1 (da), 2 (mi), 3(na), 4(ti), and 5(la)It is a subset of pelog 7 tone system (see table 1).Sundanese DegungJavanese Pelog1 (da)62 (mi)53 (na)34 (ti)25 (la)1
4Tuning Kacapi is tuned to match the suling tones. Suling tones are fixed to its length in 60 cm length.With this length, approximation for the tuning is t r e w q A# B c# f f#
55 (la) I II Pangkat for key-5 is: 32 1 5 5 g5 left pointer kenongpancerpancerg Gnn g5 _pangkatIIIPangkat for key-5 is: g5I and II are repeatable parts. The sample music plays pangkat continued directly with I and then after slight silent, II is played.2-nd pancer is not yet unknown due to unknown kenong key.left pointerleft thumbright pointerright thumb
64 (ti) Pangkat for key-4 is .31 2 4 4 g4 pancerg G g4 _pangkatIII5 (la) positionsPangkat for key-4 is g4Dashed circles are positions in key-5.Similar to key-5, I and II are repeatable parts.
73 (na)pancerG g3 _IIIDue to rarely be used as goong key, the key-3 might have no pangkat at all.Pancer for key 3 is 2.5 (la) positions
82 (mi) I II 5 (la) positions pancer 54 3 w w w gw . q . Gn. . . . gw _ pangkatIII5 (la) positions
91 (da) I II 5 (la) positions pancer 53 4 q q q gq . q . G. . . . gq _ pangkatIII5 (la) positions
10Pangkat variations for 5 (la) Variant IVariant IIleft pointerleft thumbright pointerright thumb
11Pangkat variations for 2 (mi) Variant IVariant IIleft pointerleft thumbright pointerright thumb
12Sekar AlitSekar Alit is a small accompaniment set for typical Sundanese songs (kawih).contains several key sequences, and played repeatedly.might have specific name, e.g. Catrik, Kulu-kulu, etc.There are two types, two keyed and four keyed.The two keyed:NameKeysKawih example(s)Catrik2 g5Dareuda, KalangkangKulu-kulu5 g2Angin Priangan, SatiaLalayaran3 g5
13Sekar Alit (continued) In the case name is unknown (n.n. = no name), Sekar Alit is mentioned by it’s keys, e.g. one singer might ask you, “Please play !”The four keyed:NameKeysKawih example(s)Cirebonan4 5 1 g2Jeruk manisBalenderan4 5 4 g2n.n.1 3 1 g4Nimang2 4 2 g5Cinta3 4 3 g1Elekesekeng
14Catrik : 2 g5g Gw g5 _pangkat5-I2-II2-I5-IICatrik in ancient language means ‘to study’. Indeed, it’s the simplest form and the most widely used pattern when one starts learning Degung.The goong key is 5, thus we use pangkat for 5 and ending for 5.Kenong key is filled with 2.