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Pola-pola Dasar Kacapi Pamirig Kawih Basic Kacapi Keyings for Kawih Accompaniment part A By: Dian Tresna Nugraha München, 23.08.2003.

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Presentation on theme: "Pola-pola Dasar Kacapi Pamirig Kawih Basic Kacapi Keyings for Kawih Accompaniment part A By: Dian Tresna Nugraha München, 23.08.2003."— Presentation transcript:

1 Pola-pola Dasar Kacapi Pamirig Kawih Basic Kacapi Keyings for Kawih Accompaniment part A By: Dian Tresna Nugraha München,

2 Introduction Kawih = Sundanese term for song Kacapi siter is used for our purpose. It has 20 strings. Farthest string (lowest frequency) is tuned to 3 and nearest string (highest frequency) is tuned to 4. (scroll to some more slides to see its picture) Suling Sunda is 6 holed bamboo flute. Pangkat is the opening or start of kawih. It is selected based on the goong key (number in circle). Pancer is intermediate tone between two keys, e.g. between goong key and kenong key. Panutup is the ending. (or suwuk in Javanese) 60 cm

3 Notation Note range, from lowest frequency to highest frequency is: trewq Degung notation is used. 1 (da), 2 (mi), 3(na), 4(ti), and 5(la) It is a subset of pelog 7 tone system (see table 1). Sundanese Degung Javanese Pelog 1 (da)6 2 (mi)5 3 (na)3 4 (ti)2 5 (la)1

4 Tuning Kacapi is tuned to match the suling tones. Suling tones are fixed to its length in 60 cm length. With this length, approximation for the tuning is t r e w q A# B c# f f# w8e

5 5 (la) left pointer left thumb g5. 3. Gnn.... g5 _ right pointer right thumb pangkat I II Pangkat for key-5 is: g5 I and II are repeatable parts. The sample music plays pangkat continued directly with I and then after slight silent, II is played. 2-nd pancer is not yet unknown due to unknown kenong key. kenong pancer

6 4 (ti) g4. 3. G.... g4 _ pangkat 5 (la) positions Pangkat for key-4 is g4 Dashed circles are positions in key-5. Similar to key-5, I and II are repeatable parts. I II pancer

7 3 (na).. 2. G.... g3 _ I II Due to rarely be used as goong key, the key-3 might have no pangkat at all. Pancer for key 3 is 2. 5 (la) positions pancer

8 2 (mi) 54 3 w w w gw. q. Gn.... gw _ pangkat I II 5 (la) positions pancer

9 1 (da) 53 4 q q q gq. q. G.... gq _ pangkat I II 5 (la) positions pancer

10 Pangkat variations for 5 (la) left pointer left thumb g right pointer right thumb Variant I g5 Variant II

11 Pangkat variations for 2 (mi) left pointer left thumb right pointer right thumb g2 Variant I 21$% % 1 $ # % g2 Variant II

12 Sekar Alit Sekar Alit is a small accompaniment set for typical Sundanese songs (kawih). contains several key sequences, and played repeatedly. might have specific name, e.g. Catrik, Kulu-kulu, etc. There are two types, two keyed and four keyed. The two keyed: NameKeysKawih example(s) Catrik2 g5Dareuda, Kalangkang Kulu-kulu5 g2Angin Priangan, Satia Lalayaran3 g5

13 Sekar Alit (continued) NameKeysKawih example(s) Cirebonan4 5 1 g2Jeruk manis Balenderan4 5 4 g2 n.n g4Nimang n.n g5Cinta n.n g1Elekesekeng In the case name is unknown (n.n. = no name), Sekar Alit is mentioned by its keys, e.g. one singer might ask you, Please play ! The four keyed:

14 Catrik : 2 g g5. 3. Gw. 1. g5 _ pangkat 5-I 5-II Catrik in ancient language means to study. Indeed, its the simplest form and the most widely used pattern when one starts learning Degung. The goong key is 5, thus we use pangkat for 5 and ending for 5. Kenong key is filled with 2. 2-I 2-II

15 end of slide ;)


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