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Data Protection & Privacy in the Information Age COMNET – Legal Frameworks for ICTs Malta 2013 Dr Antonio Ghio Dr Jeanine Rizzo.

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Presentation on theme: "Data Protection & Privacy in the Information Age COMNET – Legal Frameworks for ICTs Malta 2013 Dr Antonio Ghio Dr Jeanine Rizzo."— Presentation transcript:

1 Data Protection & Privacy in the Information Age COMNET – Legal Frameworks for ICTs Malta 2013 Dr Antonio Ghio Dr Jeanine Rizzo

2 The Right to Privacy Everything is Information Protecting the information which belongs to ourselves Privacy as a Fundamental Human Right - Article 8 of ECHR Informational Self-Determination - the 1970 Law of Hesse The 1973 Law of Sweden

3 Data Protection Legislation Technology affords the means to amass, correlate and manipulate personal information The absence of legislative safeguards may allow abuse of this information Safeguarding the individuals right to privacy

4 Essential Features have obligations Data Controllers have obligations have rights Individuals have rights

5 What is Personal Data? Any Information relating to an identified or identifiable natural person; an identifiable person is one who can be identified, directly or indirectly, in particular by reference to an identification number or to one or more factors specific to his physical, physiological, mental, economic, cultural or social identity

6 The Actors Data Subjects A person who alone or jointly with others determines the purposes and means of the processing of personal data A natural person to whom the personal data relates Data Controller Data Processor A person who processes personal data on behalf of a controller

7 Processing Any operation or set of operations which is taken in regard to personal data, whether or not it occurs by automatic means collection recording organization storage adaptation alteration retrieval gathering erasure use disclosure dissemination alignment combination blocking destruction

8 Sensitive Personal Data Personal data that reveals race or ethnic origin, political opinions, religious or philosophical beliefs, membership of a trade union, health, or sex life

9 Data Protection Principles - Fair And Lawful Processing - In accordance with good practice - Personal Data only collected for specific, explicitly stated and legitimate purposes - Not be processed for any purpose that is incompatible with that for which the information is collected - Processing adequate and relevant in relation to the purposes of processing - No more Personal Data is processed than is necessary and is not kept for a period longer than necessary - Correct and up to date - All reasonable measures are taken to complete, correct, block or erase data to the extent that such data is incomplete or incorrect

10 Criteria for Processing - when data subject has unambiguously given his consent - necessary for the performance of a contract - necessary for compliance with a legal obligation of the controller - to protect the vital interests of the data subject - necessary for the performance of an activity that is carried out in the public interest or in the exercise of official authority vested in the controller or in a third party to whom the data is disclosed

11 Consent Processing always permitted if the data subject has given consent to the processing General consent to any and all conceivable processing that the controller may wish to perform is not sufficient Consent need not normally be explicit. (If the data subject by way of his or her actions accepts certain processing, it is likely that the data subject will be deemed to have given consent) The data subject is normally entitled to revoke consent at any time Any freely given specific and informed indication of the wishes of the data subject by which he signifies his agreement to personal data relating to him being processed

12 Privacy in the 21 st Century Is Privacy DEAD?

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14 Google Streetview

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16 iPhone Location Data

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20 Biometrics

21 A law reflecting the past

22 Technology Neutrality?

23 Informational Self-Determination Applying accepted principles within new technological frameworks Applying accepted data protection principles within new technological frameworks Technological Neutrality Legal Certainty

24 New Proposed DP Regulations Right to be Forgotten

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27 Grazzi!


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