Presentation on theme: "INDIA BY: EVA. Welcome India is its own subcontinent apart from Asia, and it has the 2 nd largest population in the world! Some famous tourist attractions."— Presentation transcript:
Welcome India is its own subcontinent apart from Asia, and it has the 2 nd largest population in the world! Some famous tourist attractions are the Bodh Gaya and the Taj Mahal. India is the seventh largest country in the world and it has the worlds largest democracy. The Indian subcontinent is split into 2 major parts - India and Pakistan. The capital of India is New Delhi. Did you now that India is only one third the size of the U.S. but it has 10 times the population!! In India music, art,and dance is very popular. In India there are about 47,000 types of plants and at least 89,000 species of animals.
Government The type of government India has is a federal republic. Since Great Britain ruled over India for almost 180 years Indias government is similar Englands in some ways. Like the U.S., India has 3 branches of government- the legislative, the executive and the judicial branches. The executive branch includes the president, the prime minister and the council of ministers. The legislative branch includes the council of states and the house of the people. The judicial branch includes the supreme court, the high courts and the lower courts. India is split into 28 states. Each state has its chief minister and legislature.
School In India the school day starts at 8:00am and ends at 3:00pm. Young students go home after lunch but older students stay for classes until 3:00pm. In some classes students sit at desks shared with another student. In other classes students sit on mats on the floor. At school Indians study English, Math, History, and Geography. Indians go to grade school from age 6 to 10. When Indians turn 11 they leave grade school and go to middle school. The Indian law says that students have to finish middle school before moving on. Many Indian students choose to attend secondary school after middle school. If Indians do well in middle and secondary school, they can choose to attend one of Indias fine colleges.
Many Indians work as traders. They grow crops and make things then sell them to different countries. They dont just sell them for money they also trade for other useful items. India is also becoming known for its scientists. Indian scientists are making new discoveries in medicine, cars, electronics and a lot more every day!!! Work
From 1757 to 1946 Britain ruled over India. In the 1900s Indians wanted independence from Britain. Mohandas Gandhi started to lead non-violent protests to gain independence from Britain. After many years of protests India gained independence in 1947. Then the Indian sub- continent became 2 countries - India and Pakistan. Later, East Pakistan became Bangladesh. Many woman and girls in India wear saris which are long colorful dresses made of silk. Also many Indian woman wear a round dot on their forehead called a bindi. If you wear a bindi it means that you are married. Sometimes Indian girls have them to wear as decoration. History/Culture
Many boys and men in India wear dhotis. A dhoti is a long white strip of cotton that passes between their legs and wraps around their upper legs and waist. Turbans are also worn by men and boys in India. Turbans are long pieces of cotton that wrap around the man or boys head. History/culture continued
Weddings Weddings are very important occasions in India. In Muslim and Hindu families the night before the wedding the brides sisters paint beautiful designs on the brides hands and feet. When the bride washes up the next morning the designs turn from black to red, a lucky color in India. On the day of the wedding the bride wears a beautiful, long, red sari embroidered with gold and wears lots of gold jewelry. The man just wears a tuxedo and a turban.
Food In India spicy food is very popular. Curry is the most popular flavoring in India. Many Indians dine on fruits, vegetables, and rice because they are vegetarians - they do not eat meat. Sometimes rice is the whole meal in India. Tea is also very common. Chai tea is the most common type of tea. Sometimes a drink called Lassai is served with the meal. Lassai is a mixture of water and flavored or plain yogurt.
Indias national holiday is Republic Day on January 26 th. In India Holi is a very important holiday to the Hindu religion. Holi means festival of color. Colorful water and sand is poured over many people. Diwali is also an important holiday. Diwali means festival of lights. Indians celebrate Diwali by hanging lights everywhere. Colorful lights are even found on the streets, bikes, cars, and even animals!!! Holidays
Economics Natural Resources/Products Some of the major industries in India are coal, and iron ore. Some Indian factories make steel and iron. Some of the crops grown are rice, wheat, sugar cane, coffee, corn and tobacco. India makes its own satellites, and fertilizer for their crops. India also produces clothing. India produces radios, T.V.s and computers in their own factories. India also produces many motorized vehicles. Did you know India produces more tea and spices than any other country in the world. Indians mine for coal. Indians also make handicrafts which are basically pottery, silk, baskets, carpets, and metal.
Transportation Indias forms of transportation are motorcycles, bicycles, taxis, buses, and cars though few Indians own them. Also there is a train system that Indians use to travel across the country. The train system handles about 5,000 passengers per day. India has the largest train system in Asia. The Indian train system is very busy so if you dont get a seat in the train you stand on a platform and hold on for the long or short train ride.
Indias kabaddi is the most popular sport in the country! In kabaddi 2 teams each take one side of a playing field. One person on each team runs to the other side and tags as many players as possible and then return to their sides without taking a breath. The runners prove that they do not take a breath by yelling, Kabaddi, Kabaddi, Kabiddi!over and over again while running. In India cricket is very popular. So is soccer, tennis, and field hockey which is played throughout India. Entertainment
Flag The first stripe colored orange symbolizes the nations courage. The middle stripe is white. In the center is Indias national symbol called Dharma Chakra which means truth and peaceful change. The last stripe is colored green representing the great fertility of Indias soil. Indias flag was made on July 22 nd 1947.
Official name: Republic Of India Population:1,095,351,995 Languages: Hindi, English, Sanskrit and about 600-700 other languages National holiday: Republic Day January 26 th Square miles: 1.27 million Money: the Rupee Capital: New Delhi Religions: Hindu, Buddhist, Muslim and many more Government: federal republic Fact File
Fun Facts Many Indian houses are made out of clay, brick, palm, bamboo and mud. Cricket is very popular in India India has many tropical forests India and Nepal are homes to the tallest mountains in the world, the Himalayas More movies are made in India in a year than any other country in the world. The longest river in India is the Ganges river Cows, camels, and even monkeys roam the roads
English Hindi How you say it Hello& goodbyeNamasteNAH-MUH-STAY PleaseKripayaKRI-PAH-YAH Thank youDhanyavadDHAN-YAH-VAD IndiaBharatBAH-ROT OneAkEK TwoDoDOH ThreeTinTEEN MotherMataMAH-TAH Father PitaPIT-AH How are you?Kya hal hai KEY-AH-HAHL-HI Say it in… Hindi
Amazing Plants &Animals Some animals in India are Indian elephants, king fishers (birds), monkeys, apes, leopards, one-horned rhinos (which mostly live on the Deccan Plateau in the south), and snow leopards which are found near the Himalayas. Bengal Tigers are also found In India.
Bibliography Book Title/Website NameAuthorYear India Enchantment of the WorldDon Nardo2012 Welcome to IndiaPatrick Ryan2008 Q&A IndiaNathan Olsan2005 Countries of the World IndiaMichael Dhal1998 First Reports IndiaSarah E De Capua2003 Traditions From IndiaShelby Mamdani1999 Culture Grams World Book Ducksters