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Visual Event Recognition in Videos by Learning from Web Data Lixin Duan, Dong Xu, Ivor Tsang, Jiebo Luo ¶ Nanyang Technological University, Singapore ¶

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Presentation on theme: "Visual Event Recognition in Videos by Learning from Web Data Lixin Duan, Dong Xu, Ivor Tsang, Jiebo Luo ¶ Nanyang Technological University, Singapore ¶"— Presentation transcript:

1 Visual Event Recognition in Videos by Learning from Web Data Lixin Duan, Dong Xu, Ivor Tsang, Jiebo Luo ¶ Nanyang Technological University, Singapore ¶ Kodak Research Labs, Rochester, NY, USA

2 Outline Overview of the Event Recognition System Similarity between Videos – Aligned Space-Time Pyramid Matching Cross-Domain Problem – Adaptive Multiple Kernel Learning Experiments Conclusion

3 Overview GOAL: Recognize consumer videos Large intra-class variability; limited labeled videos Sports PicnicWedding

4 GOAL: Recognize consumer videos by leveraging a large number of loosely labeled web videos (e.g., from YouTube) Sports Picnic Wedding Overview Consumer Videos A Large Number of Web Videos

5 Overview Video Database Test video Classifier Output Flowchart of the system

6 Pyramid matching methods – Temporally aligned pyramid matching, D. Xu and S.-F. Chang [1] – Unaligned space-time pyramid matching, I. Laptev [2] Similarity between Videos Time axisSpace axes Space-time axes

7 Similarity between Videos

8 Aligned Space-Time Pyramid Matching – Level 1 Distance

9 Similarity between Videos Distance Integer-flow Earth Movers Distance (EMD), Y. Rubner [3] s.t.

10 Distance Similarity between Videos Integer-flow Earth Movers Distance (EMD), Y. Rubner [3] s.t.

11 Cross-Domain Problem Data distribution mismatch between consumer videos and web videos – Consumer videos: Naturally captured – Web videos: Edited; Selected Maximum Mean Discrepancy (MMD), K. M. Borgwardt [4]

12 Cross-Domain Problem Prior information

13 Cross-Domain Problem

14 Adaptive Multiple Kernel Learning (A-MKL) where MMD Structural risk functional

15 Cross-Domain Problem

16

17 Experiments Data set – 195 consumer videos and 906 web videos collected by ourselves and from Kodak Consumer Video Benchmark Data Set [5] – 6 events: wedding, birthday, picnic, parade, show and sports – Training data: 3 videos per event from consumer videos and all web videos – Test data: The rest consumer videos

18 Experiments

19 Aligned Space-Time Pyramid Matching (ASTPM) vs. Unaligned Space-Time Pyramid Matching (USTPM) – ASTPM is better than USTPM at Level 1 Aligned Unaligned

20 Experiments

21 Comparisons of cross-domain learning methods – (a) SIFT features – (b) ST features – (c) SIFT features and ST features – parade: 75.7% (A-MKL) vs. 62.2% (FR)

22 Experiments Comparisons of cross-domain learning methods Relative improvements – SVM_T: 36.9% – SVM_AT: 8.6% – Feature Replication (FR) [6]: 7.6% – Adaptive SVM (A-SVM) [7]: 49.6% – Domain Transfer SVM (DTSVM) [8]: 9.9% MKL-based methods – Better fuse SIFT features and ST features – Handle noise in the loose labels

23 Conclusion We propose a new event recognition framework for consumer videos by leveraging a large number of loosely labeled web videos. We develop a new aligned space-time pyramid matching method. We present a new cross-domain learning method A-MKL which handles the mismatch between the data distributions of the consumer video domain and the web video domain.

24 References [1] D. Xu and S.-F. Chang. Video event recognition using kernel methods with multi-level temporal alignment. T-PAMI, 30(11):1985–1997, [2] I. Laptev, M. Marszałek, C. Schmid, and B. Rozenfeld. Learning realistic human actions from movies. In CVPR, [3] Y. Rubner, C. Tomasi, and L. J. Guibas. The Earth movers distance as a metric for image retrieval. IJCV, 40(2): , [4] K. M. Borgwardt, A. Gretton, M. J. Rasch, H.-P. Kriegel, B. Schölkopf, and A. Smola. Integrating structured biological data by kernel maximum mean discrepancy. In ISMB, 2006.

25 References [5] F. Bach, G. R. G. Lanckriet, and M. I. Jordan. Multiple kernel learning, conic duality and the SMO algorithm. In ICML, [6] H. Daumé III. Frustratingly easy domain adaptation. In ACL, [7] L. Duan, I. W. Tsang, D. Xu, and S. J. Maybank. Domain transfer svm for video concept detection. In CVPR, [8] J. Yang, R. Yan, and A. G. Hauptmann. Cross-domain video concept detection using adaptive svms. In ACM MM, [9] D. G. Lowe. Distinctive image features from scale-invariant keypoints. IJCV, 60(2):91–110, 2004.

26 Thank you!


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