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© 2005 Spencer Shimko Vanitas ARTS106 Art History II Presentation Spencer Shimko
© 2005 Spencer Shimko What is Vanitas? Vanitas is the Latin for vanity vanity in the sense of emptiness a worthless action all human action is transient in contrast to the everlasting nature of faith Also known as momento mori
© 2005 Spencer Shimko So what does that really mean? A vanitas is: a theme found in many periods an image that invites viewers to contemplate their own mortality pleasure of life only lasts a moment since time is limited, one must live fully in each moment
© 2005 Spencer Shimko Common Vanitas Symbols Skulls Skeletons Candles Hour-glasses and clocks Overturned vessels Flowers (often withering) Bubbles
© 2005 Spencer Shimko Vanitas Still-Life Pieter Claesz 1630 Germany Oil on Canvas Skulls show the finiteness of man & limitation of human knowledge (note the books or papers)
© 2005 Spencer Shimko Young Man With a Skull Frans Hals Germany 1626-1628 Oil on Canvas Humans are subject to time This time inevitably ends with death
© 2005 Spencer Shimko St. Jerome in His Study Joos van Cleve Netherlands c. 1525 Skull and crucifix Golgotha Hebrew for Skull Also note candle
© 2005 Spencer Shimko The Ambassadors Hans Holbein the younger German 1533 Oil on Oak Skull represents seat of thought Note instruments and astronomy pieces on top shelf
© 2005 Spencer Shimko The Ambassadors (cont.)
© 2005 Spencer Shimko Vanitas Still Life Maria van Oosterwijk Netherlands 1668 Oil on Canvas Skull reminds us of vanity of visual arts natural beauty Transience of human existence
© 2005 Spencer Shimko Vanitas Still Life with Portrait DAVID BAILLY Dutch c. 1650 Oil on Canvas Passing of time symbolized by bubbles, flowers, candle, sundial, hourglass
© 2005 Spencer Shimko Flemish School c. 1640 Oil on Panel
© 2005 Spencer Shimko Flemish School (cont.) Under the Skull: I was as you are now. You will be as I am in the future. Above the flowers: As the beauty of the flower does not last long, a human being also quickly fades. Above the hourglass: Time runs fast, all youthful grace vanishes before one is aware of it. On the book, page 59: Oh human being you are a wandering guest on earth, flesh is the hay of the Lord, the same as a flower in a garden by cultivation reaches a higher level of quality. Page 60: as a lit candle has to burn so does a person have to fall into deaths hands. Across the timepiece: a metal of oblivion. On the paper on the ledge: Look and pray or you will face no day of peace.
© 2005 Spencer Shimko References Cheney, Liana. Symbolism of the Vanitas in the Arts, Literature, and Music: Comparative and Historical Studies. Lewiston, NY: Edwin Mellen Press, 1991. Flemish School, Circa 1640 – A Vanitas Still Life. 10 October 2004. Lawrence Steigrad Fine Arts. 29 April 2005. http://www.steigrad.com/cat/flemishsch1640.html Janson, Jonathan. A Glossary of Art Terms R-Z. 2005. Essential Vermeer. 29 April 2005. http://essentialvermeer.20m.com/glossary/glossary_q_z.htm#V ANITAS http://essentialvermeer.20m.com/glossary/glossary_q_z.htm#V ANITAS Stokstad, Marilyn. Art History, Second Edition. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall, 2002. Vanitas. 29 March 2005. Wikkipedia. 29 April 2005. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vanitas
© 2005 Spencer Shimko Questions?
David Bailly – Self Portrait Vanitas Symbols
Pieter Boel – Large Vanitas Still Life
Barthel Bruyn Vanitas Still Life
Still life A painting or drawing of an arrangement of objects contrasting in texture, color and form in order to create interest within a composition.
Painting I/II Art Problem : Create a cubistic vanitas (still-life) using various watercolor techniques.
Still Life. What is a still life? A work of art which represents a subject composed of inanimate objects Subjects include vessels, fruit, game, flowers,
Momento Mori Remember Your Mortality. Memento mori is a Latin phrasetranslated as "Remember your mortality", "Remember you must die" or "Remember you.
Ch th century in Northern Europe. Hieronymus Bosch Netherlands
16 Dutch Baroque Art Review. Overview Protestant Dutch Republic began a golden age of prosperity and artistic creativity Characterized by – Predominance.
Memento Mori: A warning or reminder of the inevitability of death, esp. a skull or other symbolic object. Later sometimes in weakened use: any grim, ominous,
Renaissance of the North Slides # R ENAISSANCE IN THE N ORTH Northern Renaissance artists had wealthy patrons like Italy. Northern Renaissance.
PHOTO 2, PROJECT 2 STILL LIFE SERIES. WHAT IS A STILL LIFE? A STILL LIFE IS A PAINTING, DRAWING, OR PHOTOGRAPH FEATURING AN ARRANGEMENT OF INANIMATE,
Dutch Masters Rubens, Hals, and Vermeer. The Dutch Baroque Southern portion under control of Spain Northern half fought Spain and remained free Vigorous.
Statement Still Life Still Life as Landscape Alicia Gauger.
Welcome to the Museum! There are several artifacts in this virtual museum to view. To learn more about the paintings and artifacts, click on each item.
RENAISSANCE ART IN NORTHERN EUROPE. When? After 1450 NTK Why later? Plague and 100yrs. War.
The Renaissance Spreads North from Italy (1450 – 1600)
Go through this at your own pace. Really look at the pictures (be sure to open the PP to slide show so you can see the pictures well) and comment on them,
+ Jan van Eyck (about ) Serena B., Amiela Nicole D.
Renaissance in Northern Europe Artists as Innovators Writers as Reformers Printing Press and the Spread of Ideas.
More Art Vocabulary!. Patron a person who financially supports an artist or an art organization.
Renaissance of the North Slides # 14-18
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