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Published byDiane Chambers
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Ch.16 16 th century in Northern Europe
Hieronymus Bosch Netherlands 1450-1516
Hieronymus Bosch 20 th century Surrealists will claim him as their patron saint. Bizarre imagination Moralistic painting- punishments for sinners
Hieronymus Bosch Haywain (Triptych). 1485-1490. Oil on panel
Hieronymus Bosch details
Creation of the World. Outer wings of the triptych Garden of the Earthly Delights. c.1510. Grisaille on panel.
Garden of Earthly Delights (Triptych). c.1510. Oil on panel.
Pieter Bruegel the Elder Netherlands 1525-1569
Pieter Bruegel the Elder Landscape with the Fall of Icarus, c. 1555. Oil on panel; 2’x4’
Bruegel He was one of the first artists to show people out working in the country side
Pieter Bruegel the Elder The Triumph of Death. 1562. Oil on panel.
Pieter Bruegel the Elder The Tower of Babel. 1563. Oil on panel.
Pieter Bruegel the Elder The Flemish Proverbs. 1559. Oil on panel.
He illustrated PROVERBS
Pieter Bruegel the Elder The Parable of the Blind. 1568. Oil on panel.
Pieter Bruegel the Elder The Peasant Wedding. 1568. Oil on panel.
Pieter Bruegel The Hunters In the Snow. 1565. Oil on panel. Mrs. Shortsleeve’s favorite
Matthias Grunewald Germany 1470-1528
Matthias Grunewald Isenheim Altarpiece, 1515, oil on wood
The Isenheim Alterpiece is a polyptych
Grunewald, The Crucifixion, 1515 Panel from the Isenheim altarpiece: oil on wood.
Grunewald, The Crucifixion, 1515 Panel from the Isenheim altarpiece: oil on wood. detail
The polyptych was commissioned for a chapel in a hospital that specialized in the treatment of skin diseases
Matthias Grunewald The Temptation of Saint Anthony 1515 Panel from the Isenheim altarpiece: oil on wood
He depicts intense, often violent emotion. His paintings are grim with vivid realism
Matthias Grunewald Isenheim Altarpiece, 1515, oil on wood
Hans Holbein the Younger 1497-1543 German (but lived and worked in England)
Holbein He displayed the influence of Early Northern painters - use of oils to render meticulous details
Hans Holbein the Younger Specialized in Portraiture
Hans Holbein the Younger German Merchant, 1532, Oil on Wood. During the Reformation, many artists chose secular portraits over Church pieces as a way to make a living.
Hans Holbein The (French) Ambassadors, 1533. Oil on Wood.
Holbein’s meticulous details are mainly symbolic
The skull, rendered in anamorphic perspective- a visual puzzle that the viewer must approach the painting nearly from the side to see the form morph into a skull.
Hans Holbein the Younger Henry VIII (King of England), 1540 Oil on Wood.
Albrecht Durer, Leonardo of the North Germany 1471-1528
Albrecht Durer, Self-Portrait, c. 1498.
Albrecht Durer, Self-Portrait, c. 1500. Crisp linear detail of the North Chiaroscuro from Italy
Albrecht Durer, Self-Portrait, c. 1500. He poses frontally in a way that is reminiscent of earlier images of Christ or icons
His signature is a monogram He includes an artist statement
Albrecht Durer, Portrait of a Venitian Woman, c1505.
Albrecht Durer, Praying Hands.
Albrecht Durer, Similarities to Leonardo da Vinci
Albrecht Durer, Four Apostles, 1526. Similarities to Jan van Eyck
Albrecht Durer He produced the Apocalypse, the first book designed and published by a single artist
Albrecht Durer Four Horsemen of the Apocolypse, Woodcut, 1498. He loves line as seen in his woodcuts and engravings
Albrecht Durer Melancholia I, Copper Engraving, 1514.
Printmaking is a generic term for different techniques: woodcut engraving intaglio (Italian for carve)
In engraving/ intaglio you incise an image into a metal plate with a burin. Prints are affordable because multiple copies can be made. A set of multiples is called an edition.
Hieronymus Bosch Haywain (Triptych) Oil on panel.
Hans Holbein the Younger
VI. Northern Renaissance Art Peter Brueghel the Elder, Hunters in the Snow (Winter) 1565.
By: Susan M. Pojer Horace Greeley HS Chappaqua, NY.
Northern Renaissance Art. Characteristics Italian influence strong, but NOT a copy-cat New technology = Painting in OIL The differences between the two.
Chapter 21 Chapter 9 Renaissance and Reformation in 16th C. Northern Europe.
RENAISSANCE ART IN NORTHERN EUROPE. When? After 1450 NTK Why later? Plague and 100yrs. War.
Northern Renaissance Art. Italian vs. Northern Renaissance Art In Depicting the Human Body, Dutch and Flemish Painters, Favored Realism Over the Idealism.
Popin’ ain’t easy, man. –Henry VIII –John Calvin –Ulrich Zwingli –Charles V Peace of Augsburg What be happenin’ in da world?
Europe after 145o Renaissance Art in Northern Europe, Should not be considered an appendage to Italian art., But, Italian influence was strong. Painting.
Northern Renaissance Art. Man in a Turban Jan Van Eyck 1433 Tempera & Oil.
RENAISSANCE NORTHERN RENAISSANCE. Italian Renaissance Ideal beauty Measured proportions Religious and mythological scenes Heroic male nudes Portraiture-
Renaissance of the North Slides # 14-18
Renaissance 3. Raphael Three Graces Raphael c.1517.
The Printing Press, Johann Gutenberg invented printing press with moveable type (Mainz) mid 15c, precursors: rise of schools & literacy (demand for books);
Renaissance of the North Slides # R ENAISSANCE IN THE N ORTH Northern Renaissance artists had wealthy patrons like Italy. Northern Renaissance.
Renaissance and Reformation in 16th C. Northern Europe Chapter 9.
Northern Renaissance. Northern Renaissance: Capitalism emerged in Flanders providing the wealth necessary to support the arts among the nobility.
The Northern countries of the 15th-16th centuries ----Rebirth or Reform?? Styles and innovations develop differently than the Italian Renaissance Rise.
Northern Renaissance Art.
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