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PREFIXES & SUFFIXES By : HOUSSINE HASNI By : HOUSSINE HASNI.

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Presentation on theme: "PREFIXES & SUFFIXES By : HOUSSINE HASNI By : HOUSSINE HASNI."— Presentation transcript:

1

2 PREFIXES & SUFFIXES By : HOUSSINE HASNI By : HOUSSINE HASNI

3 I-PREFIXES Dis: means away, apart, Dis: means away, apart, e.g. 'disarm' means to remove or take weapons away e.g. 'disarm' means to remove or take weapons away

4 MIS_ mis means 'wrong' or 'badly mis means 'wrong' or 'badly e.g. 'misfortune' is when your are not lucky and things go wrong or badly e.g. 'misfortune' is when your are not lucky and things go wrong or badly

5 UNDER_ under means 'below' or 'beneath under means 'below' or 'beneath e.g. 'underground' means below or beneath the ground e.g. 'underground' means below or beneath the ground

6 OVER_ over means upper, outer, over, superior or excessive over means upper, outer, over, superior or excessive e.g. 'overweight' means too heavy or fat e.g. 'overweight' means too heavy or fat

7 RE_ re means again re means again e.g. 'replay' means to play something again e.g. 'replay' means to play something again

8 ANTI- anti means against, in opposition to anti means against, in opposition to e.g. 'anticlockwise' is opposite to the direction that the hands of a clock move in e.g. 'anticlockwise' is opposite to the direction that the hands of a clock move in

9 ANTE_ ante means before ante means before e.g. 'antenatal' means before giving birth e.g. 'antenatal' means before giving birth

10 CONTRA/ COUNTER- CONTRA opposite, protecting CONTRA opposite, protecting contradiction, contraceptive, counterfeit, counter offer contradiction, contraceptive, counterfeit, counter offer

11 dis - away, not dis - away, notdis -dis - disappear, disable, dismiss, disregard disappear, disable, dismiss, disregard

12 ex- out of, away from, former ex- out of, away from, formerex- exceed, ex-president exceed, ex-president

13 EXTRA- extra - outside, additional extra - outside, additional extraordinary, extraterrestrial extraordinary, extraterrestrial

14 OUT- out - more than; outdo another, externally out - more than; outdo another, externallyout -out - outrun, outdo, outstanding, outrageous outrun, outdo, outstanding, outrageous

15 OVER- over - more than, excessive, located above, movement to a lower position over - more than, excessive, located above, movement to a lower positionover -over - overworked, overrun overworked, overrun

16 POST_ post means after post means after e.g. 'postpone' means to put something off until later, or after it was originally planned e.g. 'postpone' means to put something off until later, or after it was originally planned

17 Prefixes meaning NOT Un e.g. 'unhurt' means 'not hurt Un e.g. 'unhurt' means 'not hurt Im e.g. 'impolite' means 'not polite Im e.g. 'impolite' means 'not polite Il e.g. 'illegal' means 'not legal Il e.g. 'illegal' means 'not legal In e.g. 'informal' means 'not formal In e.g. 'informal' means 'not formal Ir e.g.'irregular' means 'not regular Ir e.g.'irregular' means 'not regular dis e.g. 'disagree' means 'not agree dis e.g. 'disagree' means 'not agree

18 II- SUFFIXES __IBLE / ___ABLE 1-ible 1-ible If the root is not a complete word, add -ible. aud + ible = audible If the root is not a complete word, add -ible. aud + ible = audible Examples: Examples: visible visible horrible horrible terrible terrible possible possible edible edible eligible eligible incredible incredible permissible permissible

19 2-able 2-able If the root is a complete word, add -able. accept + able = acceptable If the root is a complete word, add -able. accept + able = acceptable Examples: Examples: fashionable fashionable laughable laughable suitable suitable dependable dependable comfortable comfortable If the root is a complete word ending in -e, drop the final -e and add - able.excuse - e+ able = excusableExamples: If the root is a complete word ending in -e, drop the final -e and add - able.excuse - e+ able = excusableExamples: advisable advisable desirable desirable valuable valuable debatable debatable

20 NB. Words ending in e If the root is a complete word ending in -e, drop the final -e and add -able. If the root is a complete word ending in -e, drop the final -e and add -able. excuse - e+ able = excusable excuse - e+ able = excusable Advise______________advisable Advise______________advisable Desire_______________desirable Desire_______________desirable Value________________valuable Value________________valuable Debate_______________debatable Debate_______________debatable

21 EXCEPTIONS Contemptible___the root is complete Contemptible___the root is complete digestible ____the root is complete digestible ____the root is complete flexible _____the root is complete flexible _____the root is complete responsible ____the root is complete responsible ____the root is complete irritable ___the root is not complete irritable ___the root is not complete Inevitable ___the root is not complete Inevitable ___the root is not complete

22 EXERCISES Circle the best available answer Circle the best available answer 1- That shopping bag is REUSABLE. 1- That shopping bag is REUSABLE. a) throw the shopping bag away, we wont need it again a) throw the shopping bag away, we wont need it again b) dont throw away the shopping bag because we can use it again. b) dont throw away the shopping bag because we can use it again. c) if you throw the shopping bag we cannot use it again c) if you throw the shopping bag we cannot use it again

23 2-Im sorry I MISREAD the notice and therefore MISUNDERSTOOD the message. 2-Im sorry I MISREAD the notice and therefore MISUNDERSTOOD the message. a) Did not read the notice correctly and therefore did not understand correctly. a) Did not read the notice correctly and therefore did not understand correctly. b) Read the notice and understood the message correctly b) Read the notice and understood the message correctly c) Did not read the notice and therefore did not understand the message. c) Did not read the notice and therefore did not understand the message.

24 3-We usually do not publish articles we dont PREVIEW. 3-We usually do not publish articles we dont PREVIEW. a) we usually read articles before publication a) we usually read articles before publication b) we do not read articles after publication b) we do not read articles after publication c) we read articles the day we publish them c) we read articles the day we publish them

25 4-REFORESTATION will help to RESTORE our environment. 4-REFORESTATION will help to RESTORE our environment. a) planting trees again will REPLENISH our environment. a) planting trees again will REPLENISH our environment. b) cutting down trees will further help to worsen the environment. b) cutting down trees will further help to worsen the environment. c) forests should be cut to improve the worsening environmental pollution c) forests should be cut to improve the worsening environmental pollution

26 GIVE THE CORRECT FORM 1. Miyoko _______________her shoes. (placed incorrectly) 1. Miyoko _______________her shoes. (placed incorrectly) 2. My mother_________ an old rocking chair. (finished again) 2. My mother_________ an old rocking chair. (finished again) 3. The guard_______________ the door. (opposite of locked) 3. The guard_______________ the door. (opposite of locked) 4.The pupil _____________________. (behaved incorrectly) 4.The pupil _____________________. (behaved incorrectly) 5.Our society should punish ______politicians (Not honest) 5.Our society should punish ______politicians (Not honest)

27 6.It's _______ to shout at people in the street. (polite) 6.It's _______ to shout at people in the street. (polite) 7.That teacher feels awful when ______ visitors come to attend her class (expected) 7.That teacher feels awful when ______ visitors come to attend her class (expected)

28 Thats all for now. Thats all for now. For more see For more see


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