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NWS Southern Region NOAA AVIATION SAFETY NOAA Administrative Order NAO 209-124 NOAA Administrative Order NAO 209-124 October 1, 2006 October 1, 2006 Affects.

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Presentation on theme: "NWS Southern Region NOAA AVIATION SAFETY NOAA Administrative Order NAO 209-124 NOAA Administrative Order NAO 209-124 October 1, 2006 October 1, 2006 Affects."— Presentation transcript:

1 NWS Southern Region NOAA AVIATION SAFETY NOAA Administrative Order NAO NOAA Administrative Order NAO October 1, 2006 October 1, 2006 Affects all NOAA Line Offices Affects all NOAA Line Offices - Medical Screening - Water Survival Training (5 yrs) - Cold Weather Survival Training (5 yrs) - E-Learning Courses (Annual) - Aviation Safety - Policy & Procedures - Aviation Life Support Equipment

2 NWS Southern Region NOAA AVIATION LIFE SUPPORT EQUIPMENT

3 NWS Southern Region NOAA AVIATION LIFE SUPPORT EQUIPMENT

4 NWS Southern Region NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE NWS Employees Affected Alaska Region - 77 Alaska Region - 77 IMET - 70 IMET - 70 NDBC - 36 NDBC - 36 PMOs - 6 PMOs - 6 Southern Region - 3 Southern Region - 3 Western Region – 3 Western Region – 3 Pacific Region - 8 Pacific Region - 8

5 NWS Southern Region ALASKA BUSH FLYING

6 NWS Southern Region How To Survive by Cynthia Corbett Human Factors Specialist Accidents are survivable, says Cynthia Corbett, a human factors specialist at the FAA Civil Aerospace Medical Institute in Oklahoma City. Plan, Read, Listen There are things that a passenger can do to survive- first and foremost, have a plan, Corbett tells WebMD. Read the safety briefing card on every single flight, she says. Not all planes are the same. Not all planes within the same airline are the same.

7 NWS Southern Region How To Survive by Cynthia Corbett FAA Human Factors Specialist – Contd Onboard Wardrobe Imaging having to run away from a burning plane, says Corbett. If you have to do that, how well are your flip-flops going to perform? How well are you high-heeled shoes going to perform? When youre sliding down that fabric slide out of the plane, are pantyhose going to withstand? Imaging having to run away from a burning plane, says Corbett. If you have to do that, how well are your flip-flops going to perform? How well are you high-heeled shoes going to perform? When youre sliding down that fabric slide out of the plane, are pantyhose going to withstand? Shorts and skirts and high-heeled shoes are just not our preferred attire for flying, because its hard to run in those kinds of shoes and actually escape when youre not clothed properly, Corbett continues. Shorts and skirts and high-heeled shoes are just not our preferred attire for flying, because its hard to run in those kinds of shoes and actually escape when youre not clothed properly, Corbett continues. We like to see tie-on-shoes that youre not going to run out of and long pants. Jeans are good. I know in the summer thats really tough, but short-shorts are just real dangerous in that event, says Corbett. We like to see tie-on-shoes that youre not going to run out of and long pants. Jeans are good. I know in the summer thats really tough, but short-shorts are just real dangerous in that event, says Corbett.

8 NWS Southern Region What NOT To Wear: Synthetic Materials Shorts Flip-Flops Short Sleeves Synthetic Clothing

9 NWS Southern Region Synthetic Clothing

10 NWS Southern Region Natural Fibers Jacket or Sweater Long Pants Lace-Up Shoes

11 NWS Southern Region How To Survive by Cynthia Corbett FAA Human Factors Specialist – Contd For passengers with a seat in front of them, the suggested brace position is to cross your hands on the seat in front of your and rest your forehead on top of our hand, says Corbett. For passengers with a seat in front of them, the suggested brace position is to cross your hands on the seat in front of your and rest your forehead on top of our hand, says Corbett. That way, you dont have as far forward to flail if you didnt have your head there, she explains. Also, its more difficult to get way down and hug your knees when youre in a seat that has another seat in front of it. That way, you dont have as far forward to flail if you didnt have your head there, she explains. Also, its more difficult to get way down and hug your knees when youre in a seat that has another seat in front of it. If you dont have a seat in front of you, bend over as far as your can, grab you legs behind your knees, and keep your heard down until the plane stops. If you dont have a seat in front of you, bend over as far as your can, grab you legs behind your knees, and keep your heard down until the plane stops.

12 NWS Southern Region How To Survive by Cynthia Corbett FAA Human Factors Specialist – Contd If a flight attendant is able to give directions after a crash, obey them. But sometimes, flight crews arent able to do that. If a flight attendant is able to give directions after a crash, obey them. But sometimes, flight crews arent able to do that. Some people sit and wait for orders and if they dont hear any, then they sit right through the disaster. Some people sit and wait for orders and if they dont hear any, then they sit right through the disaster. Reports from the National Transportation Safety Board have noted some crash victims are found sitting in their seats still buckled in, says Corbett. So you dont have to wait for orders to be able to evacuate. Reports from the National Transportation Safety Board have noted some crash victims are found sitting in their seats still buckled in, says Corbett. So you dont have to wait for orders to be able to evacuate. There are more plane evacuations than people realize; tothe tune of one every 11 days in the US.

13 NWS Southern Region How To Survive by Cynthia Corbett Human Factors Specialist – Continued Forget Your Baggage If youve got to evacuate a plane, dont try to take anything with you, says Corbett. If youve got to evacuate a plane, dont try to take anything with you, says Corbett. Evacuation - To Help or Not? There will be passengers who may not be able to leave the plane without help: There will be passengers who may not be able to leave the plane without help: Disabled Disabled Elderly Elderly Children Children

14 NWS Southern Region Before Take-off Ask for an aisle seat or the window seat next to an emergency exit, preferable in the back half of the plane Ask for an aisle seat or the window seat next to an emergency exit, preferable in the back half of the plane Place heavy items below the seat, not in the overhead bins Place heavy items below the seat, not in the overhead bins Buckle and unbuckle your seat belt a few times to make sure it works properly, then leave it buckled for the rest of the trip Buckle and unbuckle your seat belt a few times to make sure it works properly, then leave it buckled for the rest of the trip Listen and watch the pre-flight safety presentation Listen and watch the pre-flight safety presentation Note the closest emergency exit, counting the number of rows between you and the exit; do the same for the second closest exit Note the closest emergency exit, counting the number of rows between you and the exit; do the same for the second closest exit

15 NWS Southern Region Crash Preparations Get rid of sharp things in your pockets and remove sharp objects, such as eyeglasses and high-heeled shoes Get rid of sharp things in your pockets and remove sharp objects, such as eyeglasses and high-heeled shoes Put on a jacket if it will be cold outdoors Put on a jacket if it will be cold outdoors Wet a cloth with most any liquidyou can use it to cover your mouth and nose in smoke and fire Wet a cloth with most any liquidyou can use it to cover your mouth and nose in smoke and fire Tighten your seat belt and make sure your seat back is upright Tighten your seat belt and make sure your seat back is upright Cross your arms over your calves, keep your legs forward against the seat in front of you, and cover your head with a pillow or other material Cross your arms over your calves, keep your legs forward against the seat in front of you, and cover your head with a pillow or other material

16 NWS Southern Region You Survived the Crash Get up as soon as the plane has stopped Get up as soon as the plane has stopped Keep your hands free - take nothing Keep your hands free - take nothing Lower you head if there is smoke Lower you head if there is smoke Dont get on the floor – you will be trampled Dont get on the floor – you will be trampled Go over the backs of the seats if the aisle is blocked Go over the backs of the seats if the aisle is blocked Dont push other passengers – they can fall and create an obstruction Dont push other passengers – they can fall and create an obstruction Dont open an emergency exit if you see flames outside the window check the exits on the other side of the plane Dont open an emergency exit if you see flames outside the window check the exits on the other side of the plane

17 NWS Southern Region CRASH DYNAMICS KINETIC ENERGY - KE = ½ mV 2 KINETIC ENERGY - KE = ½ mV lb 60 mph: 601,242 ft-lbf 5000-lb 60 mph: 601,242 ft-lbf 500,000-lb 140 mph: 326,281,056 ft-lbf 500,000-lb 140 mph: 326,281,056 ft-lbf 747 has 543X energy to dissipate 747 has 543X energy to dissipate

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26 Toronto Miracle Oct. 31, 2006 – There were 309 people on board an Air France jet that overshot the runway at Torontos Pearson Airport on August Somehow everybody survived and the incident became known as the Toronto Miracle. Oct. 31, 2006 – There were 309 people on board an Air France jet that overshot the runway at Torontos Pearson Airport on August Somehow everybody survived and the incident became known as the Toronto Miracle. One survivor told reporters after the crash he thought he would perish because his only experience of air disasters were what hed seen in the movies. But between 1983 and 2000, more than 95 % of people involved in U.S. plane crashes survived. One survivor told reporters after the crash he thought he would perish because his only experience of air disasters were what hed seen in the movies. But between 1983 and 2000, more than 95 % of people involved in U.S. plane crashes survived.

27 NWS Southern Region Toronto Miracle - Continued Bags were flying down from the overhead bins, and the plane was coming apart, said South African student Eddie Ho, 19. Bags were flying down from the overhead bins, and the plane was coming apart, said South African student Eddie Ho, 19. But fire in the rear of the plane caused alarm, and passengers charged for the exits. But fire in the rear of the plane caused alarm, and passengers charged for the exits. People were tripping over each other, climbing over the seats tot get to the exits, Ho said. People were tripping over each other, climbing over the seats tot get to the exits, Ho said. At a front door where Ho said he was directed to go, there was no chute to slide down and the drop was about 12 feet. He ran to the second door. It had a damaged chute, but he took it. At a front door where Ho said he was directed to go, there was no chute to slide down and the drop was about 12 feet. He ran to the second door. It had a damaged chute, but he took it.

28 NWS Southern Region Toronto Miracle - Continued I jumped and fell onto some people, Ho said. Some people broke their arms and legs. I jumped and fell onto some people, Ho said. Some people broke their arms and legs. Stewardesses started pushing everyone out, said Diezyn, who said she jumped down a chute in the back of the plane. She cut her legs on the tall, sharp grass in the wet field where they landed. Stewardesses started pushing everyone out, said Diezyn, who said she jumped down a chute in the back of the plane. She cut her legs on the tall, sharp grass in the wet field where they landed. Many passengers lost pieces of their clothing when they jumped from the plane; others took off rain- soaked clothes and exchanged them for warm blankets. Many passengers lost pieces of their clothing when they jumped from the plane; others took off rain- soaked clothes and exchanged them for warm blankets. People started panicking. We, everyone jumped out of their seats, said Lauren Langille, one of the survivors of the crash in Toronto. People started panicking. We, everyone jumped out of their seats, said Lauren Langille, one of the survivors of the crash in Toronto.

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30 Singapore Airlines Flight 006 October 31, 2000, Taipei International Airport October 31, 2000, Taipei International Airport Boeing 747 turned onto wrong runway Boeing 747 turned onto wrong runway Collided with construction equipment Collided with construction equipment 90 people survived 90 people survived Aircraft broke into three pieces Aircraft broke into three pieces Some inflatable slides did not deploy Some inflatable slides did not deploy NTSB Study - 37% of slides do not deploy correctly NTSB Study - 37% of slides do not deploy correctly

31 NWS Southern Region Advice for Fliers by Ed Galea, Australian Professor If you are traveling in a family group, you should insist that the airline does not separate you throughout the aircraft. It is not only natural that if youre involved in that sort of situation that youre going to want to reunite the group before you evacuate. If you are traveling in a family group, you should insist that the airline does not separate you throughout the aircraft. It is not only natural that if youre involved in that sort of situation that youre going to want to reunite the group before you evacuate. Remember how to undo your seat belt. Remember how to undo your seat belt. And how you undo your seat belt in you car? You press a button. In a plane, you lift a latch. If you cant undo your seat belt, then you cant evacuate and your chances of survival plummet. And how you undo your seat belt in you car? You press a button. In a plane, you lift a latch. If you cant undo your seat belt, then you cant evacuate and your chances of survival plummet.

32 NWS Southern Region Advice for Fliers by Ed Galea, Australian Professor - Continued Does It Matter Where You Sit? There is not magic seat on an aircraft. There is, of course, an element of luck. There is not magic seat on an aircraft. There is, of course, an element of luck. The average distance a survivor will travel in an evacuation is seven seat rows, The average distance a survivor will travel in an evacuation is seven seat rows,

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48 NOAA AVIATION SAFETY The End Thank You!


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