Spanish Conquest Spain took over Mexico in the 1500s. Their leader was Hernando Cortez. Cortez tried to rob Mexico of its natural resources. From 1520-1720 there were no major threats. In the 19 th century, Spanish rulers controlled over 550 Spanish people. Independence Mexico became free in 1821. The United States paid $15 million to Mexico, which gave up two- fifths of its territory. Porfirio Diaz ruled as a dictator in 1910. Mexico went to war from 1846-1848. Throughout 1810- 1821 Mexicans independence from Spain began. Native Groups The Mayan history began around A.D.320. The Mayans are divided into 4 social groups: the Ruling Class, Priest, Craftsman, and Common Farmers. During the 16 th century Aztecs lived in southern Mexico. The Aztec have 4 ruling classes: the King, High Priest, and Merchants and the poor.
System/Leaders The Mexican system of government has three branches: Legislative, Executive, and Judicial. The National Anthem is God and Freedom. Currency 1 hundred centavos = 1 peso A peso has an angel and the seal of Mexico on it. Education Mexico has a free education and public and private schools. Children ages 6 to 14 go to school. They start at 8:00 am and finish at 1:00 pm.
Jobs Jobs in Mexico are service industries, banking, farming, tourism, seaports, railroads, gas distribution, pottery, basket making, oil rig workers, hotel workers, government workers, and construction workers. Business / Industry Businesses in Mexico are seaports, railroads, airports, telecommunications, and manufacturing. Industries in Mexico are food, tobacco, iron, steel, automobiles, clothing, and more. Trade Trade in Mexico includes clothing, pottery, blankets, corn, wheat, beef, dairy products, and wood products. There is a free trade agreement between Canada, the United States, and Mexico. It is an agreement that says trade is free between Mexico, Canada, and the United States.
Food Tamales, chocolate, chili, peppers, and corn are the most important foods in Mexico. The foods in Mexico are mostly Spanish and French foods. Some French foods are dog and duck. One favorite food in Mexico is the taco! Language In Mexico many people speak Spanish. Other people in Mexico speak Indian. Clothing Poor women wore skirts to their ankle and over sized blouses. Men wore loin cloths and a cloak called a timantli tied over their right shoulders. Upper class merchants wore there timantli tied under their chins. Wealthy women wore flowing dresses with fine jewelry and head dresses. Traditional Native clothing is hand woven cloth of cotton of wool. They are often embroidered with colorful designs and patterns. Today many people wear t- shirts, jeans, skirts, blouses, pants, and jackets.
A. Regions There are ten regions in Mexico. They are: BAJA CALIFORNIA, SENORAN PLAINS, WESTERN SIERRA MADRE MOUNTAINS,CENTRAL PLATEAU, TROPICAL COASTAL PLAINS, CENTRAL HIGHLANDS, VOLCANIC REGIONS, SOUTHERN SIERRA MADREA MOUNTAINS, SOUTHERN HIGHLANDS, YUCTAN PENINSULA. B.Climate/Weather The average summer temperature is 80ºF. The average winter temperature is 75ºF. The days are hot and nights are cold. The average rainfall is 4 to 27 days of rain a month. C. Animal Habitat Some animals in Mexico: Rabbits, Snakes, Badger, Tortoise, Gila Monster, Horned Sheep, Puma, Bats, Coatamundi, Monarch Butterfly, and Dolphins.
One of Mexicos holidays is the Day of the Dead. People visit their loved ones that have died. Family members go to the graves and bring flowers and make candy with names of loved ones on it. Fiestas are big celebrations that include fireworks, dancing, and lots of food. Piñatas are big decorations that you can hit with a stick and candy and toys fall out. Sports Soccer, bullfighting baseball, and volleyball are the favorite sports in Mexico. Soccer is called futball. The Mexican Futball Stadium holds about 100,000 fans. Charreria is another Mexican sport. It is a lot like the rodeo. Charros are cowboys who compete in the event. By Nicole Hart and Tyler Brooks
Artists There are many artists in Mexico that make beautiful pottery, paintings, and other types of art. The first artist is Frida Kahlo. She does paintings of herself. Her husband is Diego Rivera. Diego Rivera is a famous artist, too. He does paintings and sometimes pottery. Writers Mexico is home to many famous writers. Most Mexican writers tell stories and legends about Mexico. Carlos Fuentes writes stories about himself and other people. Leaders Pancho Villa was a famous leader in Mexico. Miguel Hidalgo was a professor and then was given rank of Captain in the Mexican army. By Marissa Panhurst and Cole Phillips