Presentation on theme: "Coco Chanel . By Ida Rosenstein"— Presentation transcript:
1Coco Chanel . By Ida Rosenstein THE 88 YEARS OF CHANELCoco Chanel . By Ida Rosenstein
2Bibliography1. Different like Coco, Matthews, Elizabeth Chanel : Her style and life, Wallach, Janet Coco Chanel: Encyclopedia of Clothing and Fashion, The secret life of Coco Chanel, Justine Picardie 2010
3IntroductionThe Chanel fashion house has been famous for many years and still is today. It was started by an extraordinary person by the name of Gabrielle “Coco” Bonheur Chanel. She changed fashion for women, created the “little black dress”, and had a string of romances, including one with a millionaire and a Nazi spy. She started her life as a poor orphan and died as a famous multi-millionaire fashion designer. The story of Coco Chanel’s life is a true “rags to riches” tale.
4CHILDHOODCoco Chanel was born on August 19, 1882 in Saumur France . Her full name was Gabrielle “Coco “ Bonheur Chanel. She was the daughter of Albert Chanel and Jeanne Devolle, with five siblings. Her father was an itinerant salesman. Coco was just twelve when her mother died. As for her father, he abandoned Coco and her siblings. Coco was sent to an orphanage at Aubazine. Coco would visit her grandparents. In 1900 she moved there permanently and attended a convent school where she was taught to sew by nuns.
5Starting BusinessCoco got an early start to her career. She sang at stylish cafés. Coco got her nickname from the song she sang, “Qui Qu’ a Vu Coco Dans le Trocodero”. Coco would trim boater hats and was soon asked to make copies. Chanel snuck into her first polo match, where she met millionaire polo player, Arthur Capel, otherwise known as “Boy”. He gave her the money she needed to open up her very own hat shop on a fashionable street in Paris.
6StartinG Business Continued Coco opened up another shop with the help of Boy. Chanel made drop-waist dresses, tailored pants, black jackets and jewelry. Her style gave women freedom and movement. Not only did she make pants, but evening dresses too, including a black sleeveless frock, with a white pearl collar. This was known as “the little black dress”, which is still popular today.
7PERSONAL STYLEChanel cut her hair short in a “bob” style and wore lots of red lipstick with a knee length loose drop waist dress. Her style was not like anyone else’s compared to the tight corsets long poofy dresses and ruffled petticoats of the time. When she walked down the streets she would hear people whispering things like “why is she wearing men’s clothing”. One day, Chanel borrowed one of “Boy’s” jersey sweaters. To not mess up her neat flat hair, she cut it in the front trimmed it with a ribbon and added a bow. The sweater inspired Chanel to use jersey for her new line of clothing.
8Coco’s Dark SideIn 1940, during WWII, the Nazis took over Paris. People left Paris, including Coco. But, Coco also thought her business could be successful during the war, so Chanel moved back to Paris. The Nazis had taken over the Ritz Hotel, where Coco had her apartment. Coco had a romance with a Nazi spy. She was asked by one of his commanders, to set up a meeting with the British to talk about an end to the war. Coco met up with a British man, who refused to the meeting. At the end of the war, Chanel was arrested for helping the Nazis. Soon after the arrest, she was set free. Everyone hated Coco for what she had done. So, Chanel moved to Switzerland and closed her business.
9LAST DAYSAfter 15 years in Switzerland, Coco wanted to design again. She moved back to Paris, at the age of 70, an opened up her business again. Coco did a fashion show that was hated by the French and English, because she helped the Nazis during the war. But the show was loved by the Americans. This made her famous once again. Chanel’s fashion house soon became one of the most famous fashion brands in the world. Coco designed and ran her business until she died at the age of 88.
10summaryCoco’s life was not all sunshine and rainbows, but she overcame her hard times to become a world famous fashion designer. Coco’s style and design was elegant and simple. Women wanted to look like Coco and she made fashion comfortable and chíc. As Coco said, “Luxury must be comfortable, or it is not luxury”. Although Chanel died 42 years ago, her business is a symbol of luxury and high fashion. Karl Lagerfeld is now the designer for the House of Chanel.
11QUIZ 1. What was Coco’s first name? A. Colette Chanel B. Gabrielle ChanelC. Molly Chanel
12QUIZ 2. Who helped Coco pay for her first shop? A. Her dad B. The nuns C. Boy Capel
13QUIZ 3. What was the Chanel evening dress called? A. Black evening dressB. Midnight shineC. The little black dress
14QUIZ 4. What did Coco sell in her first shop? 1. Hats 2. perfume 3. shoes
15QUIZ 5. Where did Coco move after the War? A. Ponyland B. America C. Swizerland
16vocabulary Extraordinary: amazing , cool Itinerant: traveling from place to placeFrock: dressJersey: a fabric they make t-shirts out ofCorsets: a piece of clothing to tighten the waist