Presentation on theme: "Open Knowledge Repository (OKR) https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/"— Presentation transcript:
1 Open Knowledge Repository (OKR) https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/ @ The World BankOpen Knowledge Repository (OKR)Eliza McLeod, Head WBG LibrarySeptember, 2013UN LINKS, GenevaModified from presentation byJose de Buerba, Sr. World Bank Publishing Officer& Paschal Ssemaganda, World Bank Publishing Officer
2 Agenda Roots of OKR ORK & Access to Information Policy Policy Scope & RequirementsWorking with Bank authorsFeatures & General Costs of the Repository
3 Part of Larger Open Development Trend Open Knowledge RepositoryPart of Larger Open Development Trend“We need to recognize that development knowledge is no longer the sole province of the researcher, the scholar, or the ivory tower. The aim is to open the treasure chest of the World Bank’s data and knowledge to every village health care worker, every researcher, everyone.”Robert B. Zoellick, Former President, The World Bank Group, Georgetown University, September 2010In fact, Open Development trend and transparency, I argue began under Wolfensohn in the 90s when knowledge management and sharing buzz began.Dr. Kim, Current President, The World Bank GroupStimulate use of development knowlege to solve development problems The goal of open development, …is to improve the lives of people around the world through access to information.
4 THE WORLD BANK OPEN AGENDA Embracing OpennessOpen AboutWhat We Know(Data and Knowledge)What We Do(Operations and Results)How We Work(Partnerships for Openness)OpenGovernment(Transparency, Accountability)Paradigm shift from Knowledge is Power to Knowledge Sharing is Power.THE WORLD BANK OPEN AGENDA
5 Open Knowledge Repository Background Built on the work of the Internal Documents Unit which created Imagebank (internal official Bank documents repository) in Created external version of Imagebank in 1996, called World Development Sources which changed the name to Documents & ReportsImagebank (internal repository) contains Research and Publications and also Operations and Project and Board papers and flagship documentsJeannette Smith with Denise Bedford spent several years teaching Terragram to help with tagging keywords (metadata) to the works in Imagebank.4 staff currently in India to do abstracting, 2 contractors and 1 short term consultant and 2 staff at HQ to help with cataloguing documents which includes the need for foreign language cataloguingIn fact, librarians had been involved in focus groups with the IDU over the years to offer suggested improvements and functionalitiesIDU catalogs between 10-14,000 documents a yearFY13 Total FY12 Total FY11 Total14,103 12,451 12,648As of June 30th, 152,748 documents available publicly in Documents & Reports
6 Strategic Review of World Bank Publishing Open Access PolicyCreative CommonsOpen Knowledge RepositoryIn July, 2010, WBG approved Access to Information Policy (related to Archives and sharing older bank information) also, Office of the Publisher began looking at how to better share Bank publications and research which helped fuel the creation of the Open Knowledge Repository, (which turned 1 in April) built on the work of our Internal Documents Unit (some of you will recall Jeannette Smith and her presentation last year about the Knowledge Capture Project, she runs the IDU where they manage our Internal Repository of official Bank documents and reports which has a public database, aptly called Documents and Reports ---we are celebrating the 20th anniversary of the internal repository this year and Documents and Reports has been accessible to the public since 1996….The Open Knowledge Repository or OKR is a subset of the published research building on our larger documents and reports database.orOpen Access Publishing
7 Why an Open Access Policy? To provide greater access to Bank research and knowledge outputsTo encourage innovation allowing use and re-use (i.e., derivative works, translations, text-mining,etc.)To join a growing Open Access community (e.g., governments, universities, and other institutions)To align Bank’s Publishing with Bank’s Open Development Agenda
8 Policy ScopeWB OA Policy applies to manuscripts and accompanying data sets:resulting from research, analysis, and economic and sector work;which have undergone peer review or have been otherwise vetted and approved for release to the public; andfor which approval for release is given on or after July 1,
9 Policy Requirements For works published by the Bank Available immediately in OKRCreative Commons Attribution (CC BY)For works by Bank staff published externally (mostly journal articles)Working paper version available immediately in OKR under CC BYFinal, peer-reviewed Accepted Author Manuscript (AAM), available in OKR after Publisher's embargo under CC BY NC ND (unless more liberal license is accepted)
11 Step-by-Step Guides for Authors Internal TrainingStep-by-Step Guides for Authors
12 Features Optimal Discoverability: Interoperable with other repositoriesAdherence to Open Access standards (Dublin Core metadata and OAI-PMH)Systematic metadata curation processIntuitive Interface:Several browse options, advanced search, most viewed content, citation information, permanent links, etc.Built on DSpace - OA platformAllows Use, Reuse and Building-on Bank’s Work:CC BY copyright licenseNew Content:Content published by external Publishers
13 FEATURE: Advanced Metrics While we can see which countries are downloading what, we need to be better at measuring impact of what clients are using…how does this research help transform, contribute to innovation? That is the challenging part.
14 Usage: Total Downloads, First Year 1 million downloads in 1 year(44% from developing countries)
15 Interoperability & Discoverability DSpace is limited in flexibility for metadata harvesters. Current solution: Allow filtering via facets like country and topic to create virtual sets. The resultant XML output is OAI-PMH compliant and exportable. Working on upgrade to allow mobile improved search.Indexing in Google Scholar.Internal pressure from WBG regions for local language searching and contentI believe that if we want better impact we will absolutely need to work on translations and the OKR, like Documents and Reports, will need interfaces in languages other than English.
16 Costs$120K in development, 2011 to date (August, 2013) Contracted a Belgian developerHosting cost $25K/year, hosted in cloudOn-going costs approximately $30-40K2 FTEs, 1 repository manager, a project manager and .5 FTE for marketing & social media supportInformation provided by Matt Howell (who has moved to ADB).
17 Conclusions Still in early stages in Open Access publishing. Academic publishers are rebuilding their business models: some embrace, some resist and some hide.Embargo periods vary per publisher, only 1 publisher has agreed so far (Routledge, Elsevier being negotiated).Open Repositories built on open software (DSpace, ePrints) increase dissemination significantly… but marketing & outreach are still important.WB focused on technical innovations and building new partnerships to drive usage and discoveryI would like to see the OKR and Documents and Reports become one interface with filtering / facets and also some rating elements like in social media to get at how useful the research is.
18 Comparison of Document Collections Open Knowledge Repository (OKR) World Bank eLibraryOpen Knowledge Repository (OKR)Documents & ReportsTools/Functionality:Quick & Adv. Search (+ Full Text Search)MARC recordsSave Favorites and SearchesFull Text SearchCitation exportingCustomized new content alertsIndexed in Lib. Search & Disc. ServicesAthens & Shibboleth AuthenticationCOUNTER-compliant ReportsMobile optimized (forthcoming)Custom eBook Tool (forthcoming)Customer serviceContent:Full collection of all Publications & Research since 1990sWorld Bank Economic Review (WBER) and World Bank Research Observer (WBRO) since 1996 with no embargoAll Policy Research Working Papers since 1998All Development Outreach issuesLinks to related datasets (forthcoming)Full text PDF + Chapter-level access/XML for new books (forthcoming)Creative Commons CC BY licenses (WB-published content only)Volume: 9,000 (52% overlap with OKR)Tools/Functionality:Quick & Advanced SearchCitation informationAuthor Profiles“Most Viewed Content” & Usage StatisticsInteroperable with Open Access repositories (Dublin Core)Indexed in Google ScholarContent:Publications & Research since 2005Policy Research Working Papers since 2005Economic & Sector Work since 2005Annual Reports & Independent Evaluation Studies since 2005World Bank Economic Review (WBER) & World Bank Research Observer (WBRO) with 18-month embargoAll Knowledge NotesLinks to Bank-authored, external journal articlesFull text PDFMachine-readable text filesCreative Commons CC BY licenses (WB-published content only)Volume: 10,000Tools/Functionality:Quick & Advanced SearchCitation informationInterconnected with Bank operations portal and websitesInterface and Search available in six languagesContent:All publically-available World Bank documents since 1946 (including newly de-classified documents)Publications & ResearchWorld Bank Economic Review (WBER) and World Bank Research Observer (WBRO) since 1986 with 18-month embargoPolicy Research Working PapersEconomic & Sector WorkAnnual Reports & Independent Evaluation StudiesBoard DocumentsCountry FocusProject DocumentsTranslated content (selected)Full text PDFMachine-readable text filesVolume: 140,000+This is a quick at-a-glance comparison of the 3 collections. Most of the differences (highlighted in bold) are in the functionality of the site, volume, and the content date ranges. Please note this is not a comprehensive list; there is much more detail behind each item. Please contact OR if you have any questions.Free. Select ContentSubscription: More Tools & FunctionalityFree. Most Content9/2013