Presentation on theme: "EMGT 501 HW #1 Due Day: Sep 13 Chapter 2 - SELF TEST 18"— Presentation transcript:
1EMGT 501 HW #1 Due Day: Sep 13 Chapter 2 - SELF TEST 18
2Ch. 2 – 18For the linear programWrite this linear program in standard form.Find the optimal solution using the graphical solution procedure.What are the values of the three slack variables at the optimal solution?
3Ch. 2 – 20Embassy Motorcycle (EM) manufactures two lightweight motorcycles designed for easy handling and safety. The EZ-Rider model has a new engine and a low profile that make it easy to balance. The Lady-Sport model is slightly larger, uses a more traditional engine, and is specifically designed to appeal to women riders. Embassy produces the engines for both models at its Des Moines, Iowa, plant. Each EZ-Rider engine requires 6 hours of manufacturing time and each Lady-Sport engine requires 3 hours of manufacturing time. The Des Moines plant has 2100 hours of engine manufacturing time available for the next production period. Embassy’s motorcycle frame supplier can supply as many EZ-Rider frames as needed.
4However, the Lady-Sport frame is more complex and the supplier can provide only up to 280 Lady-Sport frames for the next production period. Final assembly and testing requires 2 hours for each EZ-Rider model and 2.5 hours for each Lady-Sport model. A maximum of 1000 hours of assembly and testing time are available for the next production period. The company’s accounting department projects a profit contribution of $2400 for each EZ-Rider produced and $1800 for each Lady-Sport produced.
5Formulate a linear programming model that can be used to determine the number of units of each model that should be produced in order to maximize the total contribution to profit.Find the optimal solution using the graphical solution procedure.Which constraints are binding.
6Ch. 3 – 28National Insurance Associates carries an investment portfolio of stocks, bonds, and other investment alternatives. Currently $200,000 of funds are available and must be considered for new investment opportunities. The four stock options National is considering and the relevant financial data are as follows:StockA B C DPrice per share $100 $50 $80 $40Annual rate of returnRisk measure per dollar investedThe risk measure indicates the relative uncertainty associated with the stock in terms of its realizing the projected annual return; higher values indicate greater risk. The risk measures are provided by the firm’s top financial advisor.
7National’s top management has stipulated the following investment guidelines: the annual rate of return for the portfolio must be at least 9% and no one stock can account for more than 50% of the total dollar investment.Use linear programming to develop an investment portfolio that minimizes risk.If the firm ignores risk and uses a maximum return-on-investment strategy, what is the investment portfolio?What is the dollar difference between the portfolios in parts (a) and (b)? Why might the company prefer the solution developed in part (a)?
8Ch. 4 – 3The employee credit union at State University is planning the allocation of funds for the coming year. The credit union makes four types of loans to its members. In addition, the credit union invests in risk-free securities to stabilize income. The various revenue-producing investments together with annual rates of return are as follows:Type of Loan/Investment Annual Rate of Return (%)Automobile loansFurniture loans 10Other secured loans 11Signature loans 12Risk-free securities 9
9The credit union will have $2,000,000 available for investment during the coming year. State laws and credit union policies impose the following restrictions on the composition of the loans and investments.Risk-free securities may not exceed 30% of the total fundsavailable for investment.Signature loans may not exceed 10% of the funds investedin all loans (automobile, furniture, other secured, andsignature loans).Furniture loans plus other secured loans may not exceedthe automobile loansOther secured loans plus signature loans may not exceedthe funds invested in risk-free securities.
10How should the $2,000,000 be allocated to each of the loan/investment alternatives to maximize total annual return? What is the projected total annual return?
11Ch. 5 – 6Basis5232012251-1/2111403015Complete the initial tableau.Write the problem in tableau form.What is the initial basis? Does this basis correspond to the origin? Explain.What is the value of the objective function at this initial solution?
12e. For the next iteration, which variable should enter the basis, and which variable should leave the basis?f. How many units of the entering variable will be in thenext solution? Before making this first iteration, what doyou think will be the value of the objective function afterthe first iteration?g. Find the optimal solution using the simplex method.
18Ch. 2 – 20(c)The binding constraints are the manufacturing time and theassembly and testing time.
19Ch. 3 – 28(a)Let A = number of shares of stock AB = number of shares of stock BC = number of shares of stock CD = number of shares of stock DTo get data on a per share basis multiply price by rate ofreturn or risk measure value.
20Solution: A = 333.3, B = 0, C = 833.3, D = 2500Risk: 14,666.7Return: 18,000 (9%) from constraint 2
21Ch. 3 – 28(b)Solution: A = 1000, B = 0, C = 0, D = 2500Risk: 10A + 3.5B + 4C + 3.2D = 18,000Return: 22,000 (11%)
22Ch. 3 – 28(c)The return in part (b) is $4,000 or 2% greater, but the riskindex has increased by 3,333.Obtaining a reasonable return with a lower risk is a preferredstrategy in many financial firms. The more speculative,higher return investments are not always preferred becauseof their associated higher risk.
27Ch. 5 – 6(c)The original basis consists of s1, s2, and s3. It is theorigin since the nonbasic variables are x1, x2, and x3and are all zero.(d) 0x3 enters because it has the largest negative zj - cjand s2 will leave because row 2 has the only positivecoefficient.(e)(f)30; objective function value is 30 times 25 or 750.(g)Optimal Solution: x1 = 10 s1 = 20x2 = 0 s2 = 0x3 = 30 s3 = 0z = 800.