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Presentation on theme: "PRE-SESSIONAL CONSULTATIONS ON TAR-IPCC"— Presentation transcript:

27–28 November 2003, Milan, Italy Climate Change and Tourism Gabor Vereczi Programme Officer Sustainable Development of Tourism World Tourism Organization

2 World Tourism Organization
Leading international organization in the field of tourism UN Specialized Agency Headquarters in Madrid, Spain Intergovernmental organization with 150 Member States and Territories 350 Affiliate Members: private sector (tourism trade associations, major airlines, hotels, tour operators), local authorities, education and research institutions, NGOs

3 World Tourism Organization
Regional Representation Sections: Africa Europe Americas Middle East Asia-Pacific Program Activity Departments: Tourism Statistics Market Intelligence and Promotion Human Resources Development Sustainable Development of Tourism Quality of Tourism Development Press and Communication, Documentation, Publications Affiliate Members: Business Council Education Council Destination Management Programme

4 WTO-Sustainable Development of Tourism Main fields of activity
United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development, 7th Session (CSD-7), 1999 Tourism at the World Summit on Sustainable Development (Johannesburg, 2002) Poverty Reduction through Sustainable Tourism Global Code of Ethics for Tourism Policy and planning for the sustainable development of tourism Indicators of sustainability for tourism Voluntary initiatives and certification systems for sustainable tourism Compilations of good practices in sustainable development of tourism Sustainable development of tourism in coastal areas and islands (International Network for Coastal Destinations) Ecotourism, tourism in protected areas, International Year of Ecotourism 2002 Urban tourism and tourism at cultural heritage sites Congestion management at cultural and natural sites The Tour Operators Initiative Climate Change and Tourism

5 WTO activities related to Climate Change and Tourism
Handbook on Natural Disaster Reduction in Tourist Areas (WMO-WTO, 1998) First International Conference on Climate Change and Tourism, April 2003, Djerba, Tunisia 140 delegates from 45 countries: - scientific community national tourism and environment administrations local governments. tourism industry NGOs UN Agencies With the climate change extreme climatic events can become more frequent-huge impact IPCC WMO UNCCD IOC

6 Main outcomes of the Djerba conference:
First international encounter of climate change experts and tourism professionals WTO Background Paper on Climate Change and Tourism Papers by relevant international agencies 25 technical presentations and case studies on: Tourism and water resources Tourism in small islands and coastal zones Tourism in mountainous regions Policy issues and mitigation of the effects of climate change Djerba Declaration on Climate Change and Tourism – a basic reference, call upon the major stakeholder groups Recommendations for future actions

7 Tourism and climate change: a two-ways relationship
1. Tourism is impacted by climate change in many ways: Changing and more erratic weather patterns difficult tourism planning and operations Natural disasters harms in infrastructure, natural and cultural heritage and host communities. Climate-induced changes in general health conditions visitor safety and insurance practices. Raising sea levels and temperatures threat to coastal and island destinations and marine sites. Diminishing snow conditions mountain and winter-sport tourism. Altered hydrological cycle destinations in arid and drought-prone areas (water availability), flood-prone areas, (shallow) lakes

8 Effects of climate change impacts
Environmental impacts (beach erosion, harm in infrastructure, lack of snow, changing weather patterns, bad health conditions, etc.) Changes in demand patterns (tourism flow: global warming-northern territories become more attractive, changing seasons, alternative destinations) Socioeconomic impacts at destinations (e.g. employment and labour demand in tourism, social infrastructure) Knock off effects on other sectors (e.g. agriculture, handicrafts) Need for adaptation measures

9 Examples of best practices in adaptation
TAR-IPCC  Impacts and mitigation Submissions from Parties ANNEX IV: Review of existing knowledge. Lessons from on-going practice. Hazard type Examples of best practices in adaptation Drought ·         Rain water capture ·         Soil conservation measures – no tillage agriculture Flooding ·         Dikes and civil defense infrastructure ·         Flood plain management and zoning Extreme temperatures ·         Improved ventilation in housing ·         Improved emergency health services Coastal storm surges ·         Mangrove restoration ·         Planned retreat and zoning regulation ·         Desalinization plants ·         Regulated tourism industry ·         Municipal planning

10 Climate Change 2001: Working Group II: Impacts, Adaptation and Vulnerability
6.5. Socioeconomic Impacts of Climate Change Socioeconomic Impacts as Part of Vulnerability Assessment There will be negative impacts on several sectors, including tourism, freshwater quality and supply, fisheries and aquaculture, agriculture, human settlements, financial services, and human health. 17. Small Island States Tourism Tourism is a major economic sector in many small island states Effects of climate change on tourism will be both direct and indirect.

11 Tourism and climate change: a two-ways relationship
2. Tourism is a contributor to the causes of climate change “The polluter pays” – more effort to environmentally sustainable tourism Polluting effects: all aspects of tourism activity, primary from transportation services (road and air) – GHG emissions Other sustainability issues: intensive use of energy and water, effects on flora and fauna Need for policies and mitigation measures

12 Follow up to Djerba WTO’s plan for programme of action
Clearing house on climate change and tourism Regional conferences and seminars Research on the tourism sector’s (both public and private) and the tourists’ perception of climate change impacts Case studies, comparative studies. Studies on extreme climate events and their implications to tourism. Based on the above actions: development and dissemination of policy, planning and management tools for adaptation and mitigation Possible joint actions with partner UN agencies: IOC: coastal zones and island UNCCD: destinations in arid and desert areas UNEP: consumption patterns, mitigation UNDP: Adaptation Policy Framework

13 Central recommendations for UNFCCC-SBSTA and IPCC:
Include a resolution on tourism among the decisions of COP Encourage countries to investigate impacts on tourism in the framework of the next National Communications Treat tourism specifically in the 4th Assessment Report Count on WTO as a partner to coordinate the above and related activities.

14 Thank you!


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