Presentation on theme: "PRE-SESSIONAL CONSULTATIONS ON TAR-IPCC"— Presentation transcript:
1 PRE-SESSIONAL CONSULTATIONS ON TAR-IPCC 27–28 November 2003, Milan, ItalyClimate Change and TourismGabor VerecziProgramme OfficerSustainable Development of TourismWorld Tourism Organization
2 World Tourism Organization Leading international organization in the field of tourismUN Specialized AgencyHeadquarters in Madrid, SpainIntergovernmental organization with 150 Member States and Territories350 Affiliate Members: private sector (tourism trade associations, major airlines, hotels, tour operators), local authorities, education and research institutions, NGOs
3 World Tourism Organization Regional Representation Sections:AfricaEuropeAmericasMiddle EastAsia-PacificProgram Activity Departments:Tourism StatisticsMarket Intelligence and PromotionHuman Resources DevelopmentSustainable Development of TourismQuality of Tourism DevelopmentPress and Communication, Documentation, PublicationsAffiliate Members:Business CouncilEducation CouncilDestination Management Programme
4 WTO-Sustainable Development of Tourism Main fields of activity United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development, 7th Session (CSD-7), 1999Tourism at the World Summit on Sustainable Development (Johannesburg, 2002)Poverty Reduction through Sustainable TourismGlobal Code of Ethics for TourismPolicy and planning for the sustainable development of tourismIndicators of sustainability for tourismVoluntary initiatives and certification systems for sustainable tourismCompilations of good practices in sustainable development of tourismSustainable development of tourism in coastal areas and islands(International Network for Coastal Destinations)Ecotourism, tourism in protected areas, International Year of Ecotourism 2002Urban tourism and tourism at cultural heritage sitesCongestion management at cultural and natural sitesThe Tour Operators InitiativeClimate Change and Tourism
5 WTO activities related to Climate Change and Tourism Handbook on Natural Disaster Reduction in Tourist Areas (WMO-WTO, 1998)First International Conference on Climate Change and Tourism, April 2003, Djerba, Tunisia140 delegates from 45 countries:- scientific communitynational tourism and environment administrationslocal governments.tourism industryNGOsUN AgenciesWith the climate change extreme climatic events can become more frequent-huge impactIPCCWMOUNCCDIOC
6 Main outcomes of the Djerba conference: First international encounter of climate change experts and tourism professionalsWTO Background Paper on Climate Change and Tourism Papers by relevant international agencies25 technical presentations and case studies on:Tourism and water resourcesTourism in small islands and coastal zonesTourism in mountainous regionsPolicy issues and mitigation of the effects of climate changeDjerba Declaration on Climate Change and Tourism – a basic reference, call upon the major stakeholder groupsRecommendations for future actions
7 Tourism and climate change: a two-ways relationship 1. Tourism is impacted by climate change in many ways:Changing and more erratic weather patterns difficult tourism planning and operationsNatural disasters harms in infrastructure, natural and cultural heritage and host communities.Climate-induced changes in general health conditions visitor safety and insurance practices.Raising sea levels and temperatures threat to coastal and island destinations and marine sites.Diminishing snow conditions mountain and winter-sport tourism.Altered hydrological cycle destinations in arid and drought-prone areas (water availability), flood-prone areas, (shallow) lakes
8 Effects of climate change impacts Environmental impacts (beach erosion, harm in infrastructure, lack of snow, changing weather patterns, bad health conditions, etc.)Changes in demand patterns (tourism flow: global warming-northern territories become more attractive, changing seasons, alternative destinations)Socioeconomic impacts at destinations (e.g. employment and labour demand in tourism, social infrastructure)Knock off effects on other sectors (e.g. agriculture, handicrafts)Need for adaptation measures
9 Examples of best practices in adaptation TAR-IPCC Impacts and mitigationSubmissions from PartiesANNEX IV: Review of existing knowledge. Lessons from on-going practice.Hazard typeExamples of best practices in adaptationDrought· Rain water capture· Soil conservation measures – no tillage agricultureFlooding· Dikes and civil defense infrastructure· Flood plain management and zoningExtreme temperatures· Improved ventilation in housing· Improved emergency health servicesCoastal storm surges· Mangrove restoration· Planned retreat and zoning regulation· Desalinization plants· Regulated tourism industry· Municipal planning
10 Climate Change 2001: Working Group II: Impacts, Adaptation and Vulnerability 6.5. Socioeconomic Impacts of Climate ChangeSocioeconomic Impacts as Part of Vulnerability AssessmentThere will be negative impacts on several sectors, including tourism, freshwater quality and supply, fisheries and aquaculture, agriculture, human settlements, financial services, and human health.17. Small Island StatesTourismTourism is a major economic sector in many small island statesEffects of climate change on tourism will be both direct and indirect.
11 Tourism and climate change: a two-ways relationship 2. Tourism is a contributor to the causes of climate change“The polluter pays” – more effort to environmentally sustainable tourismPolluting effects: all aspects of tourism activity, primary from transportation services (road and air) – GHG emissionsOther sustainability issues: intensive use of energy and water, effects on flora and faunaNeed for policies and mitigation measures
12 Follow up to Djerba WTO’s plan for programme of action Clearing house on climate change and tourismRegional conferences and seminarsResearch on the tourism sector’s (both public and private) and the tourists’ perception of climate change impactsCase studies, comparative studies.Studies on extreme climate events and their implications to tourism.Based on the above actions: development and dissemination of policy, planning and management tools for adaptation and mitigationPossible joint actions with partner UN agencies:IOC: coastal zones and islandUNCCD: destinations in arid and desert areasUNEP: consumption patterns, mitigationUNDP: Adaptation Policy Framework
13 Central recommendations for UNFCCC-SBSTA and IPCC: Include a resolution on tourism among the decisions of COPEncourage countries to investigate impacts on tourism in the framework of the next National CommunicationsTreat tourism specifically in the 4th Assessment ReportCount on WTO as a partner to coordinate the above and related activities.