Presentation on theme: "USE OF TOOLS & TECHNIQUES"— Presentation transcript:
1 USE OF TOOLS & TECHNIQUES Seminar onINDO-BRITISH PERSPECTIVES ON PLANNING AND ARCHITECTURE EDUCATIONAugust 20, 2010USE OF TOOLS & TECHNIQUES3rd Year, B. PLAN.DEPARTMENT OF PHYSICAL PLANNINGPresented by: Rohit SinghMASTER PLAN PREPARATIONContributions by:Mandeep, Mukul, Divye, Aditi, Geetanjli, Hari, Rohit, Abhinav, Tanya, Deeksha, Bristi, Zuali, Ajay, PranavSCHOOL OF PLANNING AND ARCHITECTURE, NEW DELHI
2 Structure Introduction Objectives Scope of Work Methodology Tools & TechniquesData CollectionData AnalysisPresentation
3 INTRODUCTIONJaipurLalsotMaster plan for Lalsot town prepared as part of academic curriculum by students of 6th Semester, 3rd Year, B.Plan. (Jan. – Apr. 2010)AIM: To study the processes and components of a Master Plan and based upon the understanding, to prepare a Master Plan for a case study town.
4 Lalsot Lalsot is a class III town and a sub-divisional head quarter It is located at a distance of about 100 Km from Jaipur, the state capital of Rajasthan.
5 As of 2001 census, Lalsot had a population of 28,278. It has an average literacy rate of 59%, lower than the national average of 59.5%.It also serves as a ‘mandi’ town for its surrounding region.
6 OBJECTIVESTo understand how a Master Plan serves as a tool for spatial planning at a city level.To Understand the relationships between physical development policies and the social, economic and environmental goals of major stakeholders.To be able to answer the what, where, when & how questions pertaining to physical development.
7 SCOPE OF WORK Background Study and Literature Search Preliminary study of development plans and their various aspects.Evaluation of a plan based upon an evaluative criteriaIdentification of data for the preparation of a master plan.Examination of existing information and data on Lalsot town and sub-region.Study of the broader context in which the town has developed.
8 Scope of Work Data Collection Preparation of base maps, survey questionnaires, inventories, data checklists, etc.Conduction of surveys, both primary and secondary for the collection of necessary data.Interaction with various local level authorities/ organisations involved in plan preparation & implementation. – Stakeholder Participation
9 Scope of Work Data Analysis Proposals and Formulation of Master Plan Analysis of obtained data with respect to various aspects of development.Identification of potentials and constraints for development.Proposals and Formulation of Master PlanPreparation of detailed proposals pertaining to various aspects of study.Drafting of final land use plan & document.
10 METHODOLOGY LITERATURE STUDY FIELD VISIT PREPARATION DATA COLLECTION Master Plan Study & EvaluationSecondary Data Analysis (Pre-Visit)FIELD VISIT PREPARATIONBase Map PreparationQuestionnaire DesignsDesign of checklists & inventoriesDATA COLLECTIONPrimary SurveysSecondary SurveysStake holder ParticipationANALYSISAnalysis under various aspects of developmentIDENTIFICATION OF ISSUES & MAJOR CONCLUSIONSFORMULATION OF OBJECTIVESDEMOGRAPHIC & ECONOMIC FORECASTSFRAMING OF POLICIES & PROPOSALSFINAL MASTER PLAN DOCUMENT & LAND USE PLAN
12 Data Collection Primary Source Data: Building use & Land use survey Household surveys (Questionnaire)Urban AreaVillages & SlumsCommercial surveys – Shopkeeper surveyTransport SurveysTraffic VolumeParkingOrigin-DestinationOpinion surveysInterviews:Town Planning DepartmentIndustrial Area Members AssociationRoad Transport Association, etc.
13 Data Collection Secondary Source Data: Local Municipal Board Local level Line DepartmentsDistrict CollectorateState Town & Country Planning DepartmentIndustrial Area Development AuthorityCensus of IndiaArchaeological Survey of IndiaGeological Survey of IndiaGoogle Earth, etc.
14 Data Collection Stakeholder Participation: Discussion with representatives of Town Planning DepartmentIdentification of Major Issues & Broad Focus AreasDiscussions with representatives of Town level Line DepartmentsCapacity of existing infrastructureSector specific identification of issues & scope for potential developmentGeneral feedback of the peopleOverall satisfaction level of the peopleCommunity specific/Area specific issues pertaining to development.
16 Data Analysis Techniques: Tools: AutoCAD Land Use/Building Use Mapping MS ExcelGoogle EarthGoogle Sketch-up, etc.Techniques:Land Use/Building Use MappingOverlay MappingTrend analysis (population, literacy)Projection of population, etc.Comparison of data with respect to immediate vicinity, standardsIdentification of shortage/surplus.Threshold AnalysisPhasing of development, Zoning, etc.S.W.O.T. AnalysisIdentification of Potentials and constraints
18 Overlay MappingOverlay Mapping and Weighted Index Method used to compare issues across the town.Individual weightage given to different issues.Cumulative weightage used to delineate the town into three zones corresponding to increasing concern levels.
19 Overlay Mapping Factors Considered: Literacy Parking Problems Population DensityMarginalizationCongestion of Land UsePoor Building conditionsLow IncomePoor accessibility to transport facilitiesParking ProblemsTraffic CongestionAccident RatesWater SupplySolid Waste DisposalSocial InfrastructureEnvironmental Concerns