Presentation on theme: "CNDE 2013 – Le Mans Technical Evaluation of Ultrasound Phased Array Inspection in Welded Joints of AISI 304L Austenitic Stainless Steel Ramon Ferreira."— Presentation transcript:
CNDE 2013 – Le Mans Technical Evaluation of Ultrasound Phased Array Inspection in Welded Joints of AISI 304L Austenitic Stainless Steel Ramon Ferreira Ferreira¹, Maurício Saldanha Motta², Lincoln Silva Gomes³, Maurício Ogawa4, André Rocha Pimenta5
Sumary of Presentation IntroductionObjectiveTheoric ReviewMethodologyResults and DiscussionsConclusionsAcknowledgementsContacts
The mesh of the pipelines in Brazil corresponds a number of 26 thousand miles, data from September 2011, this makes the country the number 16 in the world rankings. The occurrences of accidents with this transport system have shown the enormous complexity and extension of the damage done not only to companies, but mainly with the ecosystems and the communities around these events. Introduction
Stainless steels are materials with increasing in use at industries, because the good corrosion resistance and mechanical properties. However these materials require special attention to work with them, under the risk of compromising their specific properties. The ultrasound inspection technique has some difficulties in inspection of components manufactured from austenitic stainless steel castings or welded. But in 10 years ago started to develop the phased array inspection technique for industry (using multi-element transducers), which allows better control of the ultrasonic beam and treatment of received signals.
Developed a study to evaluate the phased array ultrasound technique effects in austenitic welds, and to identify a correlation between microstructure and the ultrasonic properties, to understand the ultrasonic beam behavior, reducing errors of interpretation and to helps the characterization of the defects in inspection. Objective
Analyze the welding parameters and your influence in microstructural changes. Microstructural analysis in the welded samples. Hardness measurement. Scanning electron microscope analysis and EDS, verifying the presence of the ferrite in the austenitic matrix, in the welded samples. Analyze the percentage of the ferrite and austenite phases, in the areas of top, middle and root. Measure the velocity and ultrasonic attenuation with conventional and phased array technique. Analyze the influence of the ultrasonic velocity in the sizing of defects. Correlation with percentage phases, hardness, velocity and ultrasonic attenuation. Secondaries Objectives
Theoric Review Ferrite in spine Base Metal Base metal Weld metal Austenitic matrix HAZ
The material used for the manufacture of specimens, in this study, has been austenitic stainless steel AISI 304 l, in tubes with 16 diameter inches, Schedule 30 (thickness, 9.53 mm) with V- Groove, bevel angle of 35°, height of 1 mm nose and opening of 4 mm. Methodology Argonium gas GTAW
Methodology The list of equipments used for the study.
Some analysis was made to make the correlation study. Micrograph analysis Phases percentage analysis SEM and EDS analysis Hardeness measurement Velocity and attenuation measurement Methodology
Results and Discussions Microstructure results: CP01CP02CP03CP04
Results and Discussions Phases percentage analysis: CP01CP02 CP03 CP04
Results and Discussions Phases percentage analysis:
SEM and EDS Analisys: Results and Discussions Cr Ni
Hardness Measurement: Results and Discussions 5 kgf (HV5,0) Vickers diamond pyramid with angle 136°).
Velocity and Attenuation Measurement: VelocityAttenuation Results and Discussions
Correlation with microstructure and ultrasonic properties: Results and Discussions The correlation showed that the ultrasonic speed decrease, and the attenuation increase, when the percentage of ferrite in the microstructure increases. We also observed that the samples with higher percentages of ferrite, had the highest average hardness values, but with few variations.
Conclusions Analysing the consumables, the ER308L formed more ferrite than ER316L in the weld. The SEM and EDS analysis showed the change of the chrome and nickel percentage, in the analysis of the presence of ferrite in the matrix structure. The attenuation measurement showed that the values detected by conventional ultrasound and phased array techniques, were higher for samples with higher percentage of ferrite. The sonic speed is directly proportional to the sizing of discontinuities and thickness measurement. The correlation showed that the ultrasonic speed decrease, and the attenuation increase, and the average hardness values increase, when the percentage of ferrite in the microstructure increases. Phased array technique has greater sonic pressure then the conventional technique, increasing the POD.
Acknowledgements To SENAI Welding Technology Centre, CEFET-RJ, IFRJ-Paracambi for the incentive in the research and development projects. Contacts MSc. Engineer Ramon Fonseca Ferreira, / DSc. Lincoln Silva Gomes, / Manager, Maurício Ogawa, /