Presentation on theme: "Intrinsic and Extrinsic risk factors of common injuries & Preventative Measures P1/ P2."— Presentation transcript:
1 Intrinsic and Extrinsic risk factors of common injuries & Preventative Measures P1/ P2
2 Intro…- Taking part in sport can result in injury to any part of the body. In which the causes can be divided into 2 categories:INTRINSIC- Physical aspect of the athletes body that can cause injuryEXTRINSIC- Risk factor external to the body, that causes injury
3 Task 1… Extrinsic Factors: - Coaching - Incorrect Technique Extrinsic risk factors can be categorised into 4:- Coaching- Incorrect Technique- Environmental Factors- Safety HazardsIn Buzz groups of 4, each research one of the above headings of external risk factors. This should take around 15 minutes, you should then come together in your group of 4 and share your findings with the others. Open the document in the OULFC ‘Extrinsic risk factors’ in order to help you.
4 Task 2… on the same document Intrinsic Factors:In the previous task we looked into the external factors that can increase the risk of players injuring themselves, however, there are also internal or intrinsic factors that can also increase the probability of experiencing an injury.To research this and familiarise yourself with it, open the worksheet in the OULFC ‘Intrinsic Factors’ and complete the table on the Intrinsic Risk Factors, using the internet & text books to help you.
5 describe extrinsic and intrinsic risk factors as listed: NB: For Extrinsic factors, use the 4 spider diagram sheets from class. For Intrinsic factors download the ‘fill the gap’ worksheet on the OULFC.Extrinsic Risk Factors:Coaching:-Poor coaching/leadership- Communication- ensuring adherence to rules- Qualified and appropriate activitiesIncorrect technique:- lifting and handling equipment (bad habits)Environment:- weather effects on surfacesclothing and footwear, eg protective, sport-specific, specific to surfaceSafety hazards:- the importance of safety checks- environment safety checks- equipment safetychecks- misuse of equipment- first-aid provision- safety checklists- risk assessmentsdescribe extrinsic and intrinsic risk factors as listed:Intrinsic Factors:Training effects:muscle imbalance, poor preparation, level of fitness, overuseIndividual variables:age, fitness level, growth development, previous injury history, flexibility, nutrition, sleepPostural defects:lordosis, kyphosis, scoliosis, overuse
6 What preventative measures can you think of?? Tip: Think back to the group work on Extrinsic Risk Factors… There are 3 Key Areas to think about here:CoachingEnvironmentEquipment
7 Role of the Coach (Coaching) CommunicationUp to date knowledge of the sport and their athletes.Fully qualified for the Level of performance/AthletesAbility/ Age/ Fitness level
9 Equipment Correct equipment Maintenance of equipment Safe use of equipment/ Following guidelinesMaintenance of equipmentSize of equipment- linked to age group
10 Describe sports injury prevention methods as identified … The depth of information given in P2 would indicate whether or not learners had sufficient coverage to meet grading criterion M1, which requires explanation of how risk factors can be minimised by adopting preventative measures.Role of the coach:- up-to-date knowledge of sport/performer - qualifications- adapt coaching style to performers ability/age/fitness level- communicationEquipment and Environment:- checking equipment- risk assessments- protective equipment- appropriate usage(The content would need to explain the relationship rather than purely describe the issues related to criteria P1 and P2)
11 P2-M1, Example linked to rugby Role of the coach/ Coaching:Within any sport, such as rugby there are constant rule adaptations and changes as you know (temporary rule introductions/adaptations used for 1 season trials etc). An example of a new rule change within rugby was that of the ‘Scrum engagement’ sequence used by referee’s. Due to the sport being contact in nature the RFU changed the sequence from ‘Crouch, Touch, Pause, Engage’ to ‘Crouch, Touch, Set’. This was to reduce potential discrepancies when waiting to engage, from presumption and not being ready, which can cause serious injury (such as broken necks- Matt Hampson)As a coach there are ‘Scrum factory’ CPD (career professional development) sessions that I can go to, in order to communicate the new rule changes within the team I am responsible for. This not only furthers/ improves my knowledge of the scrum, but also impacts upon how the new rule changes can influence safety aspects and be used to improve future performance.Obviously the scrum is a complex tool within rugby and is modified for the different age groups within the game (touch rugby, sevens etc). Which means by using appropriate courses to gain qualifications in coaching rugby, I can adapt my delivery to suit the age and ability of the team I am associated with.