Presentation on theme: "Unit Aseptic Techniques"— Presentation transcript:
1Unit 101.2 Aseptic Techniques Health Skills IUnit 101.2Aseptic Techniques
2ObjectivesIdentify the practices of aseptic technique and related terminology.
3Terms Contaminated Septic is another term for contaminated living organism(s) present on an animate or inanimate surfacefloors are always considered contaminatedSeptic is another term for contaminatedNOT
4Terms Clean Sterile removal of foreign matter such as organic material examplefecal matter, blood, body fluidsSterilefree of all living microorganisms
5Terms Autoclave Disinfect process of sterilization that uses heat and steam under pressure to destroy all pathogens including spores and virusesDisinfectremoval of most pathogens through cleansing solutions
6Autoclaves Types of processes used: Ethylene Oxide Chemical Vapor Steam
7Medical Asepsis (Clean Technique) refers to practices or procedures used to ensure a clean environment by removing or destroying diseases causing microorganisms after each patient procedureImportancehealthcare worker has DUTY AND OBLIGATION to patient to do thismust be ongoing battle
8Surgical Asepsis (Sterile Technique) refers to all practices and precautions that ensure the environment is free of all microorganismsaimed at destroying or stopping transmission of ALL microorganismsspecial techniques for opening sterile packages, and working from a sterile field must be learned and practiced with precision
9Principles of Aseptic Technique Keep sterile field within viewHold sterile objects above the waistAvoid spilling solutions on any cloth or disposable sterile drapes.Keep hands below shoulder level.
10Use Sterile Techniquewhenever entering area of body that is not a natural route of entrywhen caring for wounds or burns, performing catheterizations, suctioning, tooth extractions, surgery, etc.failure to follow these guidelines could cause illness or death to patient
11Patient Care Guidelines wash hands before and after patient care, and handling supplieshandle dressing, bandages and tissues according to policywrap damp or wet items in waterproof bagsdiscard disposable itemsuse equipment and supplies for one patient onlycover breaks in skin with a sterile dressingprevent cross contamination
12Patient Care Guidelines keep food and beverages cleanfloors are contaminatedavoid raising dustairbornedo not shake linensclean from least soiled to most soileddiscard liquids directly into drain or toiletavoid spilling and splashingkeep rooms bright, clean, dry, and airyif in question, ITS CONTAMINATED
13Open Skin Lesionshealthcare workers with draining lesions or weeping dermatitis, should refrain from direct patient care or food handlingreport condition to supervisor for direction as this may vary per facility or department
14Healthcare Workers Should Be: *clean and neat*wash uniform daily*shower daily, including hair*have short hair or secure it back*brush teeth regularly*proper nail care (follow policy of facility) fake nails may grow fungus under nail deadly to patients*wear no jewelry
15Handle Equipment Properly failure to follow the guidelines for correct technique in handling of equipment could result in serious infections to patient or healthcare worker
16Proper Cleaning Solutions: bacteriostaticslows down or stops growth of bacteriabacteriocidalkills bacteriahousehold bleach solution1:10 ratiokills all pathogens on objects and surfaces cleansed with solutionmust be made fresh dailyiodine and alcoholfrequently used on skin for disinfecting
17Handwashing *prevents spreading infection *wash before gloving and after removal of gloves*wash before & after every patient contact & after exposure to blood or body fluids*single most important procedure to prevent the spread of disease!
18Handwashing *use 3 - 5 ml. of soap *vigorous friction rubbing not to exceed 15 seconds*rinse with fingers pointed down*dry fingertips to wrist*shut off faucet with clean towel
19Sanitation of Equipment clean contaminated, reusable equipment by cleansing with soap/water & brush. Rinse & dry thoroughly before packaging & sterilizingsterilize reusable equipment that will invade the body or mucous membranedisinfect reusable equipment used for non-invasive procedures
20Knowledge AssessmentCompare and contrast the terms contaminated, clean, and sterile.List the types of autoclaved processes used.List the principles of aseptic technique.Understand the principles of patient care guidelines involving asepsis.Contrast the different cleaning solutions.Identify key components in hand washing considerations and technique.